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Exposing the Unexposed Vol. 110

Journal Entry: Mon Sep 24, 2018, 5:00 AM


Man On Edge by Nonparanoid
Craddle by MaGLIL
A Summers day in the Mountains by timbodon
Deep in The Woods - Skyrim by WatchTheSkies45
350 - Fluffy Fur by ElyneNoir
In the gardens of Lorien by EKukanova
Zebra by dark-beam
Reading Amongst The Stones by Forestina-Fotos
Denethor Spires by behindspace99
Cheryl Bombshell by Queen-Kitty
Where Dragons Dwell by TheFoxAndTheRaven
1128 by Nigrita


Sweet Saturday Vol. 13

Journal Entry: Sat Sep 22, 2018, 5:00 AM


If there's ever been one day of the week that's perfect for cute stuff, it's Saturday.
I can't imagine a better way to start your weekend!So let's activate Weekend Mode, sit back and enjoy some cute!
Happy Saturday!

Pro-tip: Come back here on Monday to alleviate your case of the "Monday's"!

Conure and Cockatiel by FleetingEmber

Rabbit by Berlin-Steglitz Puma - The cat of many names by BeckyKidus

I want to get away. I want to fly away ... by xjames7 Wolf drawing by LauriieT

Lelik by Bastet-mrr

Baby Saw Whet Owls and Saddleback Caterpillar by Psithyrus Sea Eagle starts to land by MT-Photografien

Male Chaffinch 2. by Missy-MooMoo One More Time by Aliyska

My happy harvest by Kajenna

Walking on water by AdrianGoebel Butterfly on flowers by Hitodenashi23

Little white friend by irrlicht71 Family of deer  by LandscapesNSuchPhoto

Beautiful Girl by BadSkys

I told you! My right eye is fine! by TheEmpatheticCat Butterfly - Oasi Rossi by ExaVolt

The Young One by Catlaxy dressed like autumn... by edinaB

End of Summer by PassionAndTheCamera


Feature-Fest Vol. 152: Portraits

Journal Entry: Thu Sep 20, 2018, 5:00 AM


neon genesis by Ceecore
Warhammer FB -  Empire Lieutenant Klaus Vogel by OrangeRoom
Captain Marvel - Marvel Cinematic Universe by FioreSofen
Bangkok with love - colors and long neck by Rikitza
Safe Me From Harm by MissSouls
Goodnight, ghostly flowers... by NataliaDrepina
La Femme Fatale by MaySakaali
Help yourself by thefirebomb
Missing pieces by EL-LY
Boy oh boy, have I got news for you by chriseastmids
a drug of the heart by screenname911
Marianne by MariannaInsomnia


Colour Me Critters Vol. 17: Horses

Journal Entry: Wed Sep 19, 2018, 6:10 PM


This feature is part of 
ArtisticAnimals 
:iconartisticanimals:

Horses by AStoKo
In the night air by NATAnatfan
Sweet Filly of Cuteness by Dalgeor
Be The Light... by SamanthaDawn1
Sunmane by Vitaly-Sokol
Horses by lightangel2012
I don't understand horses by FionaHsieh
||Enjoy the moment|| by The-Day-of-Shadow
Mountains by ReynaBluw
The Nature of the Horse by Dalgeor
Matrix by Hestefotograf
horse by KHIUS

The next theme will be  [FREE TO USE]  Mini Seal bullet/stamp [FREE TO USE]  Mini Seal bullet/stamp SMALL [FREE TO USE]  Mini Seal bullet/stamp [FREE TO USE]  Mini Seal bullet/stamp 
Got suggestions? Share them below!
PS: Please share from other artists instead of your own gallery!


Digital Art Spotlight Vol. 07

Journal Entry: Tue Sep 18, 2018, 5:00 AM


Border Collie by Seanica
Lady Blue Rottweiler by FleetingEmber
Moritz springt ins Glueck - spread 5 by Gnulia
The mountain of the archangel by 35-Elissandro
Watch your step by kevron2001
School Girl with Big Gun, Anime Sci-Fi Woman Art by shibashake
Axarra by BlackTalonArts
Business meeting by DamaiMikaz
The Loudest Silence by Bathoriya
Spirit Lantern by ChaosFissure
The forsaken kingdom by vimark
Deliver the Night by TamberElla


Exposing the Unexposed Vol. 109

Journal Entry: Mon Sep 17, 2018, 5:00 AM


-underwater effect - (_Big tortoise_) by 35-Elissandro
Ilux - 3 by johngate2014
HCL | Toss and Turn by Shotechi
Monster Hunter World: My Sapphire Star by Hachijuu
Black Panther by TheRafa
Pissing the night away by Ulysses0302
Daydreaming by chriseastmids
Ultio Sanguinus Cujus  - La Venganza de la Sangre by vampirekingdom
13th Beach Sunset by daniellepowell82
Swamp by VaalbaraCreeps
Warehouse by FantasyArt0102
2 by darkelfphoto


In Memoriam: MagicalJoey

Sun Sep 16, 2018, 7:49 AM by Yuukon:iconyuukon:
Yesterday I learned that our dear friend and valued community member, MagicalJoey has suddenly passed away recently. Jo was a sweet person who has inspired so many people during her time on DA. She was very supportive and always there for everyone who needed a chat, a word of advice or just a hug. She was a dear friend to the community. I've known her as a supportive person, an animal lover, and someone who was always willing to share her love and kindness with anyone and anything. It's extremely saddening that she will not be returning to us.

Ever since I heard the news I have been praying for her return, right now, I am praying she's doing alright, that she has no pain and that she has company of those she loved in her life, who left before she did. 

Johnny - The Dog Prince by MagicalJoey Khaleesi, the Queen of the Treats by MagicalJoey




God needed an extra angel in Heaven. Rest in peace now, dear Jo. You will be missed dearly, and we will never forget you. :heart:


Nature Newsletter - September 2018

Journal Entry: Sun Sep 16, 2018, 5:00 AM


Hello and welcome to the first ever edition of the Nature Newsletter, hosted by NaturesHaven! In this newsletter, you will find a selection of nature-related articles, features, interviews and so on that we found on DA! Do you have something to contribute? Leave it in a comment below!

Look deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better.

- Albert Einstein

News from NaturesHaven



Art Features


Bullet; Yellow APN Adventures, Vol. 75APN Adventures, Vol. 76 & APN Daily Deviations Round-Up: August 2018! from JenFruzz 
Bullet; Yellow Thursday Tributes: Volume 27 & The APN Corner: Vol 7 from Amarantheans 
Bullet; Yellow Animals, Plants and Nature Spotlight Vol. 140 from Unkopierbar 
Bullet; Yellow Wild Wednesday Vol. 04Wild Wednesday Vol. 05Colour Me Critters Vol. 16: BirdsCocontest Winners & Feature-Fest Vol. 150: Landscapes from Yuukon 
Bullet; Yellow Catcatalogue Vol.#54 & AmazingAnimalArt Vol.#4 from lucytherescuedcat 
Bullet; Yellow Landscapes (Photo) - Friday Friends' Art & Landscapes (Digi+Trad.) - Friday Friends' Art from TeroPorthan 
Bullet; Yellow The Beauty Of Roses On Things Of NatureThe Warm Glow Of Poppies On Bright And CheerfulFall Is Upon Us  & Birds In Autumn from MYPeanutGallery 
Bullet; Yellow Pets ART Feature & Featuring the Artist: jojoesart from Ellysiumn 
Bullet; Yellow Meet Your Neighbor XV from Trippy4U 
Bullet; Yellow Featured Flowers from BGai 
Bullet; Yellow Beautiful Creatures from prettyflour 
Bullet; Yellow Places - Part 95 & Small Worlds - 86 from ElyneNoir
Bullet; Yellow Fickle Friday: CoastlineFickle Friday: Sun In Your EyesFickle Friday: Bloom & Our APN, Your APN: Flowers, Trees and Plants from Mouselemur 
Bullet; Yellow IX. The time when a macro feature was needed & Macro Photography DD Roundup: August 2018 from JustACapharnaum 
Bullet; Yellow blue breath from RichardLeach 
Bullet; Yellow Weekly Vitamin #88Weekly Vitamin #90 & Weekly Vitamin #91 from FrancescaDelfino 
Bullet; Yellow INSECTS from Dieffi 
Bullet; Yellow Feature - September 2018 from Vacantia

Interviews



Events



Educational



Community News


This newsletter has been put together with the help of: Mouselemur, DanielaIvanova, Endorell-Taelos, Yuukon

Do you have nature news to share with us? Share it in the comments below! :la:



Sweet Saturday Vol. 12

Journal Entry: Sat Sep 15, 2018, 5:00 AM


If there's ever been one day of the week that's perfect for cute stuff, it's Saturday.
I can't imagine a better way to start your weekend!So let's activate Weekend Mode, sit back and enjoy some cute!
Happy Saturday!

Pro-tip: Come back here on Monday to alleviate your case of the "Monday's"!

Rescue by sourpepper

Tiny Dancer by natureguy A Light in the Dark - Scratchboard by ShaleseSands

Lavender Dream by Wolfskuss Birds on a Wire 1 by EarthBalanceCraft

The Forests | WOTW by MajorMustang

Visage of Sweetness by TheEmpatheticCat Needle Felted Rabbit / Bunny by YuliaLeonovich

Phoenix by Hestefotograf Loriquet by aliasvassily

Distracted Little One by Jack-13

Empty Season. by Sparkle-Photography Play enough by Egor412112

Red Kite Scratchboard by AmBr0 Playscale 1:6 Miniature Tuxedo Cat scuplture by Pajutee

Nymphicus by Berlin-Steglitz

Space Bird Charms by Kosmotiel Colorfull White AT/Comm by AndromedasWitchery

Hungry by EmiliaPaw5 Hummingbird hawk-moth by AdrianGoebel

Gray Hairstreak by Monkeystyle3000


Feature-Fest Vol. 151: Photojournalism

Journal Entry: Thu Sep 13, 2018, 3:00 AM


Di Satu Lorong by mohd-izzuddin
Warbirds by AirshowDave
Bologna Pride 2018 by Groucho91
2018-221 Location, location, location by pearwood
Here Comes The Flood by Canankk
HOMELESS by SAMLIM
Pakistan Day - XIII by InayatShah
Cup of Russia 2018 (008) by vishstudio
Maira och morfar by mjochumsen
Ranes aout 2018 by hubert61
Air Show 2018 by trekking-triP
Untitled by xbastex


Digital Art Spotlight Vol. 06

Journal Entry: Tue Sep 11, 2018, 3:00 AM


Ancient Land by Pyrogas-Artworks
Urban Nights 2 by Vawie-Art
Maiden in the lake by Mayoroshka
I see you - Available on RedBubble - Society6 by Marjorque
Forever Awake by TheZodiacLord
Firestorm: The Enchanted by 1ore
River Spirits. by Zary-CZ
Starry Watcher by TamberElla
Underwater breathing by Kate-FoX
Aragorn - The Lord of the Rings by PegaNeko
Teocrit Forest by OneOut
ARMY OF THE NIGHT by Teradiam


Exposing the Unexposed Vol. 108

Journal Entry: Mon Sep 10, 2018, 5:00 AM


Almera | Reborn by AlexWild
Silent scream by TaisiaFlyagina
my heart is broken by ivtaya
The Dream Team by Neko-Raccoon
Merchant by 0laffson
tree of life by vampire-zombie
Have one on me! by Sahtori-Kamaya
Scorched Earth by ondrejZapletal
NAMELESS, KHATAR AND PYRRHA by elizahveta
Dragon Slayer (BookCover) by charmedy
Will You See A Chance by Mouselemur
Bern Cityscape by montag451


Summertime Contest Winners

Journal Entry: Sun Sep 9, 2018, 5:00 AM


A while back, JustACapharnaum announced the start of The Summertime contest, which was also for the members of PhotographyGuide
Below, the winners of the contest!

1st Trophy 
craftsbyblue
Midsummer Sun by craftsbyblue
Legendary by craftsbyblue Hidden Treasure by craftsbyblue

2nd Trophy 
RebeccaMArt 
Stone Flower by RebeccaMArt
9 - Lullaby by RebeccaMArt Payment: Arborath by RebeccaMArt

3rd Trophy 
SlytherclawPadawan
Macro #1 Watermelon 1 by SlytherclawPadawan
Sassy (Ghost) Hunter by SlytherclawPadawan Coconcert by SlytherclawPadawan

Please join me in congratulating the winners!
First Prize Winner 

Skin by UszatyArbuz

Sweet Saturday Vol. 11

Journal Entry: Sat Sep 8, 2018, 5:00 AM


If there's ever been one day of the week that's perfect for cute stuff, it's Saturday.
I can't imagine a better way to start your weekend!So let's activate Weekend Mode, sit back and enjoy some cute!
Happy Saturday!

Pro-tip: Come back here on Monday to alleviate your case of the "Monday's"!

Arctic Treasures by Vawie-Art

Fierce by musicismylife10027 Sidewolf by Siochanna

Kangaroo 3968-001 by DPasschier Crocodile by Mozakade

My Cat by TRIS31

Baby Deer by Mephikal Three fluffy lumps by Egor412112

Chicks by shapetales Comfy by D-structive

Portrait of Zazu by KristynaKvapilova

I won't become extinct by TheEmpatheticCat Curious by RawPoetry

Nyko by Exempeel Errand by ElementalSpirits

Creme by Arkus83

Paws for thought *gouache painting* by SiriuslyArt Baby Possum by Rrabbix

Great Grey Shrike - Paper cut birds by NVillustration Contact by xbuys

King of the World by xjames7



Photography ABC's - A is for...

Fri Sep 7, 2018, 6:00 AM


Selfie by P-a-i-k-e-a

I've been seeing the ABC's all over, and I decided to start my own I am a dummy! 
I want to try and make this an educational series, so something new to learn with each letter! I am planning on discussing history, techniques and a variety of terms used in photography. If you have a suggestion for a letter, please let me know! I haven't filled the entire alphabet yet!
I hope you'll enjoy! La la la la 

Photography ABC's - A is for...

Aperture


Aperture is an opening through which light travels. The bigger the opening, the more light will travel through it. It is one of the most fundamental aspects in exposing your photograph, while at the same time it is a fundamental aspect for the depth of field in the same photograph. Each aperture stop has a number assigned to it that will tell you how far open it is. Below, a schematic view of what we're about to discuss in this article.
1 by Yuukon
Important to remember:
Large Aperture (wide open) = Low number (2.8, 4)
Small Aperture (closed) = High number (16, 22)

Aperture & Light

When I first started learning about photography, my grandfather taught me about aperture and light with a little trick. He'd compare it to a running tap. If you open your tap all the way, a lot of water will come through, and you will see less (or nothing) of the "doors" that let the water through. If you gradually close your tap, less water will come through and you will start seeing more and more of those "doors" that let the water through. When translating that to aperture, if you're aperture is wide open, and you peek in the front of your lens, you will not see the blades, but it's letting through a lot of light. If we close our aperture, chances are you will see the blades when peeking in, but it's letting through a lot less light than in our previous setting.

It's important to note that you cannot see the aperture blades in all modern lenses if you peek through the front of your lens. However, if you have a vintage lens laying around, I definitely recommend turning that aperture ring around to see what it does. Below you can see an example of a vintage lens with a small aperture.
Aperture Mini1 by Yuukon

Aperture & Depth of Field

As I mentioned in the intro of this article, aperture isn't just to control light. Aperture also controls the depth of field in your photograph. In this case, a big aperture means a shallow depth of field, while a small aperture means a great depth of field. I know, I found that confusing at first as well! I taught myself a little trick to remember that, and I will share that with you.
Big aperture = Low number. Low number = Shallow depth of field. 

Small aperture = High number. High number = Great depth of field.
Obviously, this trick might not work for everyone. Just because it made sense in my brain, doesn't mean it has to in yours! However, linking the big aperture to low number, and linking that to shallow, which are both small values, and the other way around, has helped me immensely in remembering it all. After several years, I do it on autopilot today, but when someone asks me to explain, that's always the trick I teach! 

A shallow depth of field is great for isolating your subject from the background, like for instance, in portrait or animal photography. The shallow depth of field will create a nice, soft blur around your focused subject, which in turn will take away distractions. However, a great depth of field is absolutely brilliant when you're working with landscapes. You don't want just the one tree in focus in your landscape, but instead, you want everything in focus. When I started writing my Photography 101 articles, I also discussed this, and back then, I took a few example photographs of what aperture does to depth of field.
f/1.8 by Yuukon f/22 by Yuukon
Aperture f/1.8                                            Aperture f/22
As you can see, in the first photo, most of the background is nicely blurred while the rubber duck is still in focus, giving it a nice prominent place in the photo. When we shift attention to the second photo, it is immediately noticeable that the (very distracting) background is out of focus, which in turn, increases our chances of not seeing the duck, which is the subject, straight away. These are examples of the extremes, though. Here's a little schematic that has a more gradual perspective.
AperDiag by Yuukon

In Conclusion

Bullet; Black Aperture is used to control both light and depth of field. 
Bullet; Black A low aperture number means a lot of light and a shallow depth of field. 
Bullet; Black A high aperture number means less light and a greater depth of field

I hope you found this useful, and hopefully, I was able to teach you something new! For a complete overview of all my educational articles you can go here, this list is updated each time I write something new. If you have questions, do not hesitate to ask them! I'll happily provide you with an answer.
Paw Bullet Black (Outline) - F2U! 


Skin by Dan Leveille

Artists of APN: Aenkill

Journal Entry: Fri Sep 7, 2018, 5:00 AM
AnimalsPlantsNature
Your Home for APN Photography


It's not often I get to talk to a photographer who is skilled in shooting both landscapes and dogs- but when I do, I am excited! Introducing Aenkill!

Heather field by Aenkill


Hi Aenkill! Let's start off with introductions, who are you?


:iconaenkill:
My name is Sara and I was born in Poland but I currently live in Scotland. I work as a Technical Support Engineer so it's not even close to photography. Over 12 years ago I got a small point and shoot camera as a birthday present, which I soon upgraded to more advanced hybrid and them my first DSLR. I remember I really enjoyed taking pictures of my puppy, I must have been 12-ish at that time, and this is how it all started. Obviously, my first pictures were not that great but I joined on online forum and slowly learnt about photography and editing.


Frosty morning II by Aenkill Autumn by Aenkill


When browsing your gallery, I can't help but notice a huge diversity, mainly between domesticated animals and landscapes. Which is your favourite, and why?


:iconaenkill:
Difficult question! I feel like I am definitely ‘better’ at shooting pets than landscapes but I do enjoy both and they mix quite well. My border collie is my main model and also a great companion that never leaves my side when I go hiking. This gives me opportunity to try both landscapes and pets at the same time, win-win! But if I had to choose, I would say I enjoy pets/animals photography a bit more than landscapes. After all, who doesn’t like fluffy, cute and super friendly models?


Lochan na h-Achlaise by Aenkill Sunny evening by Aenkill


What is it that attracts you to Animals, Plants and Nature photography?


:iconaenkill:
Authenticity. I mainly shoot outdoors, using natural light only and my models are sometimes not exactly cooperative. This means every session and every photo will be unique, true and not staged. I really enjoying working with natural light, sometimes challenging conditions make me experiment more and the results can surprising.


Altis by Aenkill Altis the border collie by Aenkill


What gear and software do you use?


:iconaenkill:
I mainly use Lightroom and Photoshop for editing. Currently, I have Canon 6D and couple of lenses: Sigma 50mm f1.4 and Sigma 70-200mm f2.8 which I mainly use for portraits and action shots and Sigma 12-24mm f/4.5-5.6 for landscapes.


Daktyl the Australian Shepherd by Aenkill Horse - loch Lomond by Aenkill


What is your personal favourite from your gallery, and can you share a little background information on that?


:iconaenkill:

Shake it off by Aenkill
I think this is my personal favourite mainly because to me this is a perfect example of how unexpected working with natural light and animals can be. I have taken it on one of the summer evenings at the lake and was not planned or staged at all and that’s why it’s one of my favourites. This is just a dog having fun but it turned out in quite unexpected way. I think it encouraged me even more try something different.


Ridge by Aenkill Buachaille Etive Beag by Aenkill


What is the most challenging thing to photograph for you?


:iconaenkill:
People! I think this is polar opposite of photographing animals and landscapes, requires different techniques and knowledge.


Altis XXVI by Aenkill Buachaille Etive Mor by Aenkill


How do you improve your skills as a photographer?


:iconaenkill:
I like to watch YouTube videos and read articles about taking picture shut also about post processing. Later, I like to try those in action. What I find very satisfying is going back to my older images to reedit them using different techniques


Isle of Arran I by Aenkill Altis the Border Collie by Aenkill


Is there something you wish you had known sooner?


:iconaenkill:
The light is everything. When I first started photography it was trying to learn how to achieve a certain look so I was experimenting with different settings, editing and I was never close to what I was aiming for. Later, I learned that you really do need perfect light because this is one of the things you will never be able to “add later in Photoshop”. In the beginning I was literally carrying my camera everywhere and shooting everything at any time. Now, if the conditions aren’t right I don’t even bother taking out my camera unless it’s just to take couple of quick snaps.


Sunrise over Buachaille Etive Mor by Aenkill Etive Mor by Aenkill


Do you have any tips for aspiring photographers?


:iconaenkill:
Experiment, break your habits and try something new. You will not always get it right but you will never learn anything new unless you try. It takes time to find your own style and it will probably change over time until you find the one that suits you and your photographs.
Learn Photoshop or similar software. Don’t just download actions, plugins and presets - learn how to use most basic tools masks, levels, curves – this is all you need. I believe post processing is essential part of photography and it has been there since analogues cameras existed. Your camera sensor is not perfect and quite often your pictures will need that final touch.


If you enjoyed this interview, don't forget to check out Aenkill's gallery!

Sunrise by Aenkill  Kyla by Aenkill Sunrise by Aenkill
Gingers the Cocker Spaniel by Aenkill  Altis in the forest by Aenkill  Glencoe by Aenkill
Altis by Aenkill Altis by Aenkill  Glen Coe by Aenkill


Journal skin by UszatyArbuz
Photo by The-Panic

NaturesHaven thanks her donators!

Journal Entry: Fri Sep 7, 2018, 4:00 AM


Since Yuukon has taken over NaturesHaven, many things have changed around here! However, what has not changed is the support we have received from all of our members. In this journal, we thank everyone who has send us any amount of points to support our group!

Thank you to Sassy--Cat, F-Lagerdahl, astridismad, Iunya, sannwald, aliasvassily, 3Y3TOY & JustACapharnaum 

The Sun has Emerged by Sassy--Cat

Count moments not months. by F-Lagerdahl

Obsession by astridismad

Giraffe and kudu by Iunya

Lake Engelsried by sannwald

YELLOW by aliasvassily

Feeling alone... by 3Y3TOY

I less than three you by JustACapharnaum

Make sure to check out their galleries and give out some +fav

Back at the beginning of the month, we announced the start of our Comment Month for September. We received a good few submissions in our folders here and here, so, for the rest of this month, it's time to get commenting! :eager: by darkmoon3636

7th - 30th September: Anybody and everybody can comment on the submissions we received for Comment Month. More information on the day.

1st - 7th OctoberComment Month is over, but other things are just beginning. Deviants who have commented constructively on over three submissions will receive a news and page feature. More information on the day.

Please note:


Bullet; Green The aim is to comment as constructively as possible. To really make this a successful month, we encourage you to think about your comment and make it constructive, so that it does not consist of one word comments or one sentence comments.

Bullet; Green Once you have commented on the piece itself, copy the link to that piece and paste it in a reply to this blog.

Bullet; Green You are free to comment on however many pieces you want!

Bullet; Green If you would like to comment on a lot of deviations, then please put all links together in just one reply.

Bullet; Green If you have a question, please don’t hesitate in contacting us.

Submitted photographs:


For quick and easy access, here are the photographs that were submitted to our folders:

Glacier National Park by Ewa5 Dreamy Catcher by SugarFirefly Devilish at Heart by organicvision
Struggle by ice4life Sahara Desert - Morocco by mydarkeyes In the web by Laerian
Lorelei by L1993 lightkeeper by waveystar Cream of Leek Soup! by Loffy0
Green by Rienet-Halun Mothra by LisaAnn1968 Strokkur Erupting by Daemare
Memento Mori by DameTenebra St. Paul by Madremonte Over the Bridge by Spiritofdarkness
The blues by VinaApsara Rococo Doll by MariannaInsomnia Night Stroll by AnthonyPresley
Tranquility by SunCreep Rhodian sunset by DegsyJonesPhoto Somewhere in the past by 13thring
As white as snow by wiwionart We Invite You To The Corrida - Panorama by skarzynscy Singapore by linakononenko
Breeze by bdrc Female Ruby Throated Hummingbird by ryangallagherart Champagne factory III by Lady-Penny-Lane
Some violet dead first plane (Donco #2) by dspiridonov The Silence by Metal-Bender Asbyrgi II by rwetzel
Virtual volcano by OlivierAccart Chey by luxwar Glacial Drift. by xJobO-De-HobOx
Entropy by Essential-Insanities Manicure by eslamelshatby Kyoto: Shin-En Garden at the Heian-Shrine by Daiyoukai-sama
Belgrade - 242 by silentmemoria Nightfall by TearsofTurquoise
waiting gracefully by Memyselfandi60 Blue Flower by ugnip

We hope that everyone participates in Comment Month, whether it is through suggesting or commenting instead. You really can’t 'lose' here, so please join in, spread the word (the more people the better!), have fun, suggest and comment, comment, comment! :eager: by darkmoon3636


August Round-Up

August was our sixty-second Comment Month at CRPhotography and PhotographyGuide  and it went splendidly well! As always, our photographers received many awesome comments from other photographers, united by a common cause! We would not have done it without these guys, so please give some love to our commenters!

Thank you so much to everyone who participated in Comment Month: August! We have already started our Comment Month: September, so please feel free to comment, comment, comment and spread some love around! Love


Feature-Fest Vol. 150: Landscapes

Journal Entry: Thu Sep 6, 2018, 5:00 AM


Wastwater by newcastlemale
Unknown Germany pt. CCCXLVI by TheChosenPesssimist
The Eternal Rivers by RobertoBertero
Azul y Verde by Omoidenoki
The howling mountain by streamweb
The center of the stars by LinsenSchuss
The Old Forest by mimadeo
Don't Leave Without Me v2 by hannes-flo
Saana Under Midnight Sun by m-eralp
Ascent Star by RaphaelleM
Painted with gold by LordLJCornellPhotos



:iconprojecteducate:
:iconprojecteducate:


Hello and welcome to a new Photography 101 chapter! My name is Yuukon and I'm pleased to see you made it here! 

If you are new to Photography 101, please check out the previous chapters first:
Photography 101: Chapter 01: Basics - Looking
Photography 101: Chapter 02: Composition-Location
Photography 101: Chapter 03: Lighting
Photography 101: Chapter 04: Light sources and WB
Photography 101: Chapter 05: RAW and Basic Editing
Photography 101: Chapter 06: Gear
Photography 101: Chapter 07: Categorising Photos: Part 01
Photography 101: Chapter 07: Categorising Photos: Part 02
Photography 101: Chapter 08: Architecture

Today, we will be discussing a subject that has been requested a bajillion times: Nature photography!



Before we start off, I want to introduce you to the nature photography categories on DA. They are all in a parent category under photography called "Animals, Plants and Nature".

  • Aquatic life
    "Photographs of plants and animals living underwater"
  • Birds
    "Photographs where birds are the primary subject"
  • Domesticated Animals
    "Photographs of animals that have been domesticated (tamed to live with humans), as either pets or livestock, which depend on humans for their survival"
  • Flowers, Trees and Plants
    "Photographs of plant life, such as trees, flowers, shrubs and herbs."
  • Fungi
    "Photographs of fungi, such as yeast, molds, lichens, mushrooms and toadstools."
  • Geology
    "Photographs of geological features, such as rocks and natural geological formations."
  • Invertebrates
    "Photographs of invertebrates, such as insects, snails, arachnids and starfish."
  • Landscapes
    "Photographs of natural scenes that have land as their main focus, and which is usually free of man-made obstructions and human activity. 
  • Other
    This category holds any and all APN photographs which do not fit any of the other categories.
  • Reptiles and Amphibians
    "Photographs of reptiles and amphibians, such as lizards, snakes, turtles, frogs and salamanders."
  • Waterscapes
    "Photographs of natural scenery that contains water as the main subject, including oceans, rivers, waterfalls, and lakes."
  • Weather and Sky
    "Photographs of nature involving the sky or weather features as the most significant element"
  • Wild Animals
    "Photographs of animals that do not typically live with people including captive wild animals."

    And next to that, there's also:
  • Macro - Nature
    "Photographs that capture nature on a macro level, as depicted in water droplets or insects."
This is how DA has explained all the categories that are part of the Animals, Plants and Nature category and the Macro > Nature category. It's very understandable that you may be confused about where to put your photograph. There's a lot of categories, so it often takes a bit of thorough investigation when unfamiliar with them. But let's not forget that there is so much more behind nature photography than what is explained in these gallery descriptions! 

In this chapter, the following subjects will be discussed:

  • A short introduction to Nature Photography
  • What are the different kinds of Nature Photography?
  • What gear do I need for Nature Photography?
  • Some tips & tricks for Nature Photography
  • (Frequently) Asked Questions & Answers
  • Showcasing Nature Photography



A short introduction to Nature Photography

Nature photography, on DA lovingly referred to as "Animals, Plants, Nature" or simply "APN", is a huge category. You'll find anything in there- from cute baby animals to roaring tigers, from magnificent landscapes to beautiful details of flowers, gorgeous, yet dangerous weather to a tiny little snail, and from the most amazing sunrises to fantastic shots of the milky way. Within nature photography, the possibilities are endless. However, there is one thing that all nature photography has in common: there will be as little as possible man-made elements in there. 

What are the different kinds of Nature Photography?

There's a ton of different kinds. This is why, for this article, I have divided this up into the ones I see on DA the most. If you are interested in something else, feel free to drop a comment below and I'll do my best to help you!

  • Animals, wild & domesticated
  • Scapes - including land, sky and water
  • Flora & Fungi
  • Macro

Animals: Wild & Domesticated

Animal photography is a huge part of nature photography. We have our wild animals, our domesticated animals, our zoo animals, the ones that live in the water, near the water, in the woodlands, on the fields, and so on and on. Often, these are categorised as wild animals and domesticated animals. Let's toss in some definitions as found in the dictionary:
Wild: (of an animal or plant) living or growing in the natural environment; not domesticated or cultivated.
"a herd of wild goats"
synonyms: untamed, undomesticated, feral
Domesticated: (of an animal) tame and kept as a pet or on a farm.
"domesticated dogs"
synonyms: tame, train, break in, gentle

These words also show up as each other's acronyms in the dictionary, which basically means they are each other's opposite. If we follow the definitions, domesticated animals are our pets or farm animals, while wild animals are the ones we don't keep in the house. This also includes animals in zoos, and insects and invertebrates. Reptiles and Amphibians,  Aquatic Life and Birds could be either, they can be seen in the wild, but they can also be pets! 

Scapes

Scapes refers to a multitude of things. There are many different kind of scapes, also outside nature photography, for instance, cityscapes. In this case, we will focus on landscapes, waterscapes and skyscapes (weather and sky on DA). Let's define these three!
  • Landscapes
    The main focus in a landscape will be the land. If either the land itself is the main focus, or if 60% or more of what you see on the ground is land, it's often considered to be a landscape.
  • Waterscapes
    In a waterscape, the main focus will be water. If either the water is the main focus, or if 60% or more of what you see on the "ground" is water, it's often considered to be a waterscape.
  • Skyscapes
    While land- and waterscapes focus on what's below, in a skyscape, the sky will be the main feature of your photograph.

Flora & Fungi

Flora is also one of those categories that could contain a lot of different things. Let's dive into that dictionary again:
Flora: the plants of a particular region, habitat, or geological period.
"Britain's native flora"

Keep in mind that flora only includes things like flowers, trees and plants (which has it's own subcategory on DA), but not things like fungi. Fungi are a fungus, not a plant. The dictionary also has a definition on that:
Fungi: any of a group of unicellular, multi-cellular, or syntactical spore-producing organisms feeding on organic matter, including moulds, yeast, mushrooms, and toadstools.
"truffles are fungi but not mushrooms"

Macro

Macro is the true representation of a subject on a 1:1 scale. It shows off details you wouldn't see with the naked eye. Good examples of macro subjects are insects, tiny flowers and, something we see on DA a lot, droplets in nature. 

It's important not to confuse macro with a close-up, as they are two entirely different things. If you want to learn more about the difference between macro and close-up, I'd like to refer you to my article on that: INSERT LINK HERE



What gear do I need for Nature Photography?

What kind of gear you need, will depend on the kind of nature photography you're practising. Let's break things down in the same categories as in the above segment, to keep things organised and for our sanity. 

  • Animals, wild & domesticated
  • Scapes - including land, sky and water
  • Flora & Fungi
  • Macro

Animals: Wild & Domesticated

The kind of gear you need for animal photography, often depends on how well you can approach them. Since wild animals are more difficult to approach compared to domesticated animals, these will each be discussed separately.

Wild Animals
Wild animals are animals you can't easily approach, even when you photograph them in zoos. Therefore, you're going to need a telephoto lens. I currently have a 70-200 mm lens, and from my personal experience, even in zoos, the 200 mm is not enough. If you have a DSLR camera, you could use a tele-converter, also known as an "extender" to extend the focal length of your lens. This is a tiny "lens", which you place in between your camera and lens, and depending on which you get, it will extend both your minimum and maximum focal length with either 1.4x or 2.0x. Those aren't as expensive as a lens with a longer focal length, however, they are tricky considering they won't work on all lenses (or even when you change your aperture). Some of them don't even support auto-focus. If you want to get one of those, it is important to research it thoroughly, because if you don't: chances are you'll spend your money on something that doesn't even work with your lens. 

With wild animals, it's also recommended to use a moderate to fast shutter speed. If your shutter speed drops too low, and the animal moves, chances are you'll have a load of motion blur in your photograph. Personally, I always try to stay above 1/500 of a second. In dark areas in for instance zoos, you'll have to compensate by increasing your ISO speed. With how much is something that will depend on your lens and camera. Some camera sensors have a higher sensitivity than others. 

If you don't have a DSLR camera or can't afford one, I would recommend to look into a "super-zoom" bridge camera. These cameras have a huge zoom, and they zoom optical rather than digital. This means that it will zoom with the lens, and not on the pixels, which will result in higher quality photographs. These cameras can often be set to work manually, and are a lot cheaper than DSLR cameras. Downside is that the quality of the photographs is often lower, and you can't exchange your lenses.

Domesticated Animals
When it comes to domesticated animals, you can often get a lot closer to them. This means you'll need less focal length than you'd need for wild animals. The lens I mentioned earlier, the 70-200 mm is one that is absolutely lovely when working with domesticated animals. It's one that allows action shots, close-ups but also, if you take enough distance, a wonderful lens to capture the animal in a landscape. For domesticated animals lenses like the 50 mm 1.8 are often wonderful to work with as well, especially if you have an animal that wants to stay close to you. It will allow you to get even closer, which in turn can get you awesome portraits with a nice depth of field. 

When working with domesticated animals, it's once again important to not let your shutter speed drop too far. Domesticated animals can move just as unexpectedly as wild animals, and even a flinch could create motion blur if your shutter speed drops. Personally, I always use a minimum of 1/500 second, like with wild animals.

When you don't have a DSLR, in this case, one of the super-zoom cameras would once again be a good fit. It will give you the full range I just mentioned above. However, I can not guarantee that you will be able to create as nice a depth of field as you can with a DSLR. 

Exclamation Point There is one thing that is important when working with both wild and domesticated animals: do not use a flash. You'll risk spooking them, and depending on what they are, they might actually run away and become afraid of the camera itself. 
Some domesticated animals are used to it, but if this is an animal you don't know personally, always discuss this with the owner before you actually use it.

Scapes

For landscapes, you're going to need a whole different set of gear. For instance, a wide-angle lens. A wide-angle lens could be any focal length up to 35 mm. It's also recommended to have a tripod, filters and a remote control.

Let's start this party by discussing lenses. For landscapes, you will need a greater depth of field than when you're working with animals, which means the number on the side doesn't need to be as low. When I shoot landscapes, I often up my aperture to at least f/8, to ensure that all of the landscape is properly focused and you don't lose focus to a shallow depth of field (if you're unsure what all this means, check out the first chapter in this series). 

A tripod will allow you to work with the long exposure technique. This means that you'll expose your sensor (or film, if you're old school) to light for a longer period of time. This could be one second, but it could also be ten minutes. Longer exposure shots work well to create a smooth water surface, clouds which seem to be moving or to simply get rid of the pesky humans in your 'scape. Something important to know about long exposure is that the intensity of the colours will also change. At sunrise or sunset, it's something that will really bring out the natural colours in the sky, creating a magical scene. When working with long exposure techniques, it's important to minimise vibrations to your camera. Even a slight touch already causes a vibration, this is where the remote control comes in. If you touch that instead of the camera, you will eliminate the vibrations.

Tripods are also very useful when you want to shoot a panorama (shoot multiple pictures next to each other to combine to one, wide/tall landscape afterwards). If you shoot a panorama from the hand, chances are your horizon will change, you could tilt your camera a slight bit, etc, all of which will make it more difficult to combine them later on. 

Filters are something that can be used in a multitude of situations. With the long exposure technique, you'll often use an ND-filter (Neutral Density). These are dark filters, with or without a gradient, which are available in different grades of darkness. These will be placed in front of the lens to block out part of the light coming in, allowing you to use an even slower shutter speed. 
There's also UV-filters, which are amazing at protecting your lens as well as preventing lens flare, polarisation filters to make the colours more intense and remove reflections and many, many more. 

Flora

For Flora (and fungi) a standard lens or a short telephoto lens are recommended. A standard lens will give you a range of between 40 mm and 50 mm, and a small telephoto lens will be up to a 100 mm. Depending on the weather, you can play with shutter speed too. If it's super windy, a faster shutter speed would be beneficial to your photograph, but if there's no wind, you can easily take your time and use a shutter speed of for instance 1/60 of a second. If you want to go any slower, it's best to use a tripod (there are tiny ones like the Gorillapod that will allow you to work close to the ground) or something else you can place your camera on for extra stability, like a rock, or you could just place your camera on the ground. Do use something like a plastic bag underneath to protect your camera from moist and dirt if you place your camera on anything that is not a tripod. It will also protect from damages if there's something sharp sticking out, etc. 

When it comes to aperture, a wider aperture is recommended. This will create a smaller depth of field, creating a nice blur in the fore- and background, which in turn will put the focus in your photograph on the flora/fungi you're photographing.

I personally love to use my 90 mm f/2.8 lens for close-ups like these. The f/2.8 will create a nice depth of field, and the 90 mm allows me to keep some distance, but also get close enough to capture all the details. I also use my 50 mm 1.8 on a regular basis if I want a depth of field that's even more shallow. It often depends on the subject, so I usually take both with me. 

Macro

For macro photography, you're going to need some macro gear. Macro gear comes in all sizes and shapes, there's lenses, extension tubes, and many more! In this part, we will focus on macro lenses, reverse-rings and extension tubes since these are the three most commonly used. 

Lenses
There's a wide array of macro lenses, and lenses with a so-called "macro function". The thing about lenses with "macro function" is that it's hardly ever actual macro, but a lot closer to a close-up. An actual macro lens can get your subject pictured on a 1:1 ratio. There's many different ones when it comes to focal lengths, the most common ones I have seen are 60 mm, 90 mm and 100/105 mm. These lenses often double as a nice portrait lens (for both human and animals) and are also amazing for close-ups. 
Most macro lenses have a wide aperture, around f/2.8 and some lenses have an even wider aperture. This is incredibly helpful to get a good depth of field in your macro shot, but it can also be tricky as it can be harder to get something tiny properly focused in a very shallow depth of field. Even in macro you can use your aperture to create a greater depth of field. The effects won't be as obvious as if you were to work with a landscape for instance, but it will definitely help you focus on the tiny things a lot better. I personally love to use my f/4 or higher on creatures that might move away, since it helps me act faster than if I were to use f/2.8. When it comes to things that won't walk away, I like to keep the aperture open as wide as possible, which is f/2.8 on my macro lens. 

Reverse-rings
Reverse rings are like adapter rings. You screw one side on the filter ring of your lens, and the other side is a lens mount. By using your lens the other way around, you kind of turn its life around, changing the way it catches light and focuses. This will create a magnifying effect, which makes it perfect for macro. You can get these rings for about two bucks on eBay, so they're not expensive at all. You do have to make sure you get the correct size for the filter ring and the correct lens mount for your camera, considering nearly all brands have a different lens mount.

Extension tubes
Extension tubes are a set of rings which you can place in between your camera and lens. This will increase the distance between your lens and sensor, which, like with the reverse rings, will change the way the light hits your sensor, also creating a magnifying effect. Often these tubes come in a set of three, and in the sizes 7 mm, 14 mm and 28 mm. These measurements are the amount of mm you will increase the distance between your lens and sensor. The more distance you create, the closer you can get. They come in AF and MF variants, but from my personal experience I have learned that AF and macro don't match very well. The MF tubes also are a lot cheaper. With this, you will also have to pay attention that you buy them in the correct mount, otherwise they won't fit your camera. 



(Frequently) Asked Questions & Answers

  • Do I really need a tripod for scape-photography?
    It's not a necessity... but it will make your life easier in certain situations. For instance, you can already make sure the horizon on your photograph isn't tilted, you can decide to work a longer exposure, shoot a panorama and so on. If you're just going for the one landscape without the fancy stuff, you could easily manage without a tripod. 
  • What is the quietest camera for wild-life photography?
    To be honest, I am not entirely sure what brand or type would be the quietest, but there may have been tests on it. What I do know is that many DSLR's have a "quiet mode" when it comes to shooting. You can often cycle through the shooting modes and (in Canon) you'll find one with an "S" next to it. That S stands for... you guessed it, Silent Mode. It's not entirely silent, but it's not as loud either. I don't know about other brands, though.
  • What kind of settings do I need to create depth of field capturing landscapes?
    It depends on what kind of depth of field you want to create. Do you want a shallow depth of field? Then open up your aperture, and make sure there's one prominent object to focus on. For a greater depth of field, close your aperture. 
  • Are telephoto lenses only limited to capturing wildlife from afar?
    No! You can also use them for portraits, close-up shots and even landscapes. Just because something is made to do a certain thing, doesn't mean it can't do anything else!
  • I don't have access to a camera but I have a phone. How can I use that for nature photography?
    Depending on your phone, there are tons of camera apps that will allow you to use manual settings, and if your phone supports it, it will even let you use RAW files! That already makes the post-processing of your phone photos a lot easier. Phones have such big screens that it's easy to see what your composition etc looks like. Personally, I do shoot the occasional landscape with my phone, and there's even a few in my gallery. Most phones also have a pretty great close-up mode, so you can also work with things like flora and fungi. 
  • How do you photograph a creature that moves a lot and what are the best DSLR settings for it?
    Fast shutter speed. Make sure it's at least 1/500 second or faster, and make sure to move along with your subject. Try to work in manual or shutter speed mode rather than the built in modes in your camera. Working on manual or shutter speed in this case will also allow you to work in RAW, which will make things a lot easier in post-processing as JPEG files break easily.
  • How do you know what type of lighting is suitable for what you're trying to take a photo of?
    I personally always try to avoid the harsh sunlight. It will often create extremely dark shadows and overexposed highlights. Obviously, this does not mean you "can't" go out when the sun is out, but the light will look a lot nicer when there are some clouds the light is diffusing through, or if you for instance go out in the early morning or evening sun. The light is a lot softer then than it would be in the afternoon, plus you'll get that lovely golden glow.
  • What are some settings on camera, and techniques in post-processing, to get more accurate colours?
    In-camera, you can use the white balance settings. There are different modes in that, for different light circumstances. In post-processing, you can also alter the white balance, but you can also play with things like vibrancy and saturation, hue and luminance, and in many programs that is something you can do per colour, or the whole photo in its entirety.
  • How you do you deal with weather during shooting? 
    Basically, be prepared. Keep an eye on the forecast using weather apps for instance. If rain is expected, bring protective gear for your camera, and a raincoat for yourself. If it's sunny, bring sunscreen. If you're near low water in summer, bring some bug-spray, etc! Weather changes can make good photos, so don't stay inside because of it! 

Showcasing Nature Photography


Just.. a litte.. bit.. closer by JulianRad Glowing Fox by Jack-13 You Make Me Dream by Mouselemur
The Old Forest by mimadeo Unknown Germany pt. CCCXLVI by TheChosenPesssimist A tonic for the soul by LordLJCornellPhotos
Paw up ! by KristynaKvapilova Golden Boy by Hestefotograf The Gang by Wolfskuss
After rainy night by Thunderi simple joys by Nimbue The crepe of the night is embroidered with moths by NataliaDrepina
Simply life by DavidMnr Contact lenses by borda Phidippus arizonensis by ColinHuttonPhoto

As always, I hope this article was useful to you! If you have any questions, feel free to drop them in the comments below and I'll do my best to answer them for you! In case there's something you want to learn that I haven't written about yet, feel free to let me know! I would love to hear from you guys what's interesting so we can all learn more about it.
If you want to receive some feedback on your photography, I encourage you to check out PhotographyGuide, a group dedicated to giving feedback and helping you grow, because nobody is ever done learning!