My missile size chart - Air-to-Air Missiles Part Two
You can really see why the AIM-54 has a range advantage on the AIM-120. Lots of extra propellant in there.
Revised as air-to-air now
Had to look up the Fairey Firefly - what a strange design concept.
Yeah, two boost motors and an unpowered missile - but it was very early days in the technology...
The AIM-54 Phoenix and the AGM-65 Maverick are my favorites.