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Wraeclast's avatar

Hand Construction Step by Step

Hey everyone, thought I'd try my hand at doing a short step by step tutorial thing, since their rather popular on DA xD

So lately I've been practicing hands, heres a new technique I picked up off of Google, which has helped me improve my hands A LOT. Hopefully it can help some of you ^^


Step 1: Start by making a flattened rectangle that follows the perspective of the hand reference your using (this technique can be used to construct hands from memory later, but I would start by practicing it with a hand reference). Once your satisfied, make a triangle protruding from the side of the rectangle where the thumb will be.

Step 2: Sketch a circle at the base of the rectangle to use as a connecting point for all the bones. Sketch four different lines, one for each finger, to the end of the rectangle. This will give you an idea of where each finger will come out of the hand, and give you an idea of knuckle placement. The two curved lines are used to space the finger joints (hard to tell with this hand pose). Make two equally spaced curved lines, the first is where the first finger joint is, the second is where the end of the finger is (the first finger joint is the same length as the last two together).

Step 3: Sketch in the rest of the hand. Add the rest of the thumb at the end of the triangle you drew earlier (using reference for a while will let you figure out an appropriate length). Also sketch in the fingers, everyone draws fingers differently, so just experiment and see what you like. You may also add in the wrist like I did, but it isn't necessary.

Step 4: I cleaned up the sketch a bit, but this isn't necessary, I just prefer painting over linework that's a bit cleaner. But I strongly suggest you sketch in the forms of the hand before painting, this will really help you memorize the different forms in the hand, not to mention help you paint it more accurately later on. This will also help you think of things more three dimensionally, which will help make your painting more realistic.

Step 5: Pick a colour pallete before painting. My tendency is to choose a light colour, a light/medium, and dark/medium, and a dark tone. This will give you 4 different variations of shadow to work with (even more when you blend them later). I also choose two more saturated colours to use later, to make the skin tone a bit more lively (don't overuse these colours). Now begin blocking in shadows. You can either choose your own light source if your confident in your abilities, or try to replicate the shading of your reference. Try not to use the same tone for all the shadows, some areas will be darker, some will be lighter.

Step 6: Finish the painting! At this stage just try to render the painting to a polish. Blend your shadows together, play around with the darkness/lightness in certain areas, and add those subtle saturated colours to the skin tone to liven it up. You can even add some subtle texture after you finish painting. This stage is hard to explain, the best way to learn how to bring it all together is to practice and develop your own painting techniques.

Practice makes perfect, the more you practice this technique, the better youll get at it. Hopefully this can help some of you! I know how hard drawing hands can be at times. Just keep practicing and you'll improve!

Other Tutorials:

Foot Construction Step by Step by Wraeclast 
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Taexel's avatar
:star::star::star::star-empty: Overall
:star::star::star::star::star-empty: Vision
:star::star-half::star-empty::star-empty::star-empty: Originality
:star::star::star::star::star-half: Technique
:star::star::star::star-half::star-empty: Impact

I really like this...I usually reference back to this image when I'm having trouble drawing hands while doing traditional art. I always seem to have trouble with a few things,hands,faces, and body mostly. Your tutorials help a lot, remind me ( And maybe more ) that the little details in art are needed to portray the image the artist wants to produce.This hand reference helped me complete my most recent drawing, and in my opinion I did pretty good on the drawing.
Keep doing what you're doing, you're really good at it, and you're helping others in the process, and that's always good.
Wraeclast's avatar
Thank you so much! I'm glad it could be of help to you ^^ I really need to do more of these tutorials, is there any you would specifically like to see in the future?

Ps. thanks for the watch ^^
Taexel's avatar
I guess a basic male body would be best, I have a bit of struggle on the placement of the arms corosponding with the head and shoulders. 
:star::star::star::star-empty: Overall
:star::star::star::star::star-empty: Vision
:star::star::star-half::star-empty::star-empty: Originality
:star::star::star::star-half::star-empty: Technique
:star::star::star-half::star-empty::star-empty: Impact

Not bad overall but , the index fingers first section is way to long compared to the others and has a crease which makes no sense , also the fingers look slightly off as if there is one missing between the index and the 2nd finger , also the end of the ulna looks very pointy compared to what it normally is , the finger nails are very readable atm maybe put more a highlight and darken the shadows , the muscle between the thumb and the index finger is also meant to convex not concave , other then that goodjob sorry if this seems like im being a jerk im just trying to help you by telling u what i think needs work but overall really nice hand
SwordTiger8888's avatar
nakazart's avatar
nice tuto you got there!
imma always sucks in drawing hand
hope this one will boost my artistic feel in drawing hand XD
Wraeclast's avatar
Thank you! Just practice lots of hands, mileage is the main key to improving, that along with understanding how what your drawing works (what this tutorial shows) ^^
thankkyou love this site 
Wraeclast's avatar
My pleasure, I'm glad you like the tutorial, is there any specific ones you would like to see in the future? I plan on making more ^^
KuroSentoki's avatar
hello, what are the lines for in 4th and 5th step? is it for "help you think of things more three dimensionally"as u wrote? or how it helps?
Wraeclast's avatar
It's almost as a guide to think of how the forms of the hand are ^^ To help paint it three dimensionally :D
KuroSentoki's avatar
Wraeclast's avatar
Hopefully it helps ^^
anyarmy40k's avatar
I feel like a few steps are missing but otherwise, good job.
Wraeclast's avatar
Thank you! Do you mind letting me know what you think is missing/needs more explanation, so I can improve my future tutorials ^^
anyarmy40k's avatar
I feel like you could of gone more into how to draw the fingers and different poses for hands.
Wraeclast's avatar
Ok thank you! I'll try to explain the overall process a bit better next time ^^
daps11's avatar
Seems easy... but not. :(
Wraeclast's avatar
Just takes practice, the more you do it the more comfortable you'll get with it ^^
daps11's avatar
yeah. THANKS! i'll try.
cybotyas's avatar
Got lost at step 2, any help?
Wraeclast's avatar
What don't you understand about it? :o
Chigiri16's avatar
I wish I could draw hands like that.....
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