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Gomphotherium angustidens

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This was an early elephant, with four tusks like the Stegotetrabelodon, but its lower tusks were much smaller than the upper ones.  Gomphotherium was a bit lower and longer-bodied than modern elephants, but still quite hefty, reaching a weight of 4-5 tons.   From this kind of elephant many others evolved, some called the shovel-tuskers having even longer lower jaws with broad, flat tusks, and others being more similar to modern elephants, eventually losing the lower tusks.  The genus Gomphotherium lived from about 14 to 3.6 million years ago and was found in Africa, America, Europe and Asia!

Here is the Stegotetrabelodon for comparison:

willemsvdmerwe.deviantart.com/…


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ffejgao's avatar
What did that thing eat? 
WillemSvdMerwe's avatar
Probably a wide variety of plants!
apeman505's avatar
Yay, I love gompotherium!!
WillemSvdMerwe's avatar
I'm glad you do, thanks!
Paraceratherium's avatar
South America was the last bastion of the Gomphotheres. Prior to the late Pleisctocene extinctions, there were three families of Proboscideans with more than half a dozen species. Hardly an "archaic" order on its way out. Now there are only three species in one family - a shameful loss. Dr Valerius Geist presented compelling evidence that prehistoric humans were responsible. Being big meant that you didn't have to flee from any predator. Dr Geist theorized that the extant elephant species survived, because they adapted by fleeing upon detecting the presence of early human hunters. They have yet to adapt to firearms.
WWCB's avatar
Maybe they are still in South America
WillemSvdMerwe's avatar
Yes it's sad that so many proboscideans died out so recently.
DracoFlameus's avatar
Wonderful rendition! I've always found the jaw and tusk positions of prehistoric elephants interesting.
WillemSvdMerwe's avatar
Thanks a lot!  That makes two of us!
DracoFlameus's avatar
Heh heh, you're welcome.
Sarahharas07's avatar
It's nice you've added the birds, it gives a a better understanding of the 'elephant's' height
WillemSvdMerwe's avatar
Thanks Sarah!  I'm glad you mention the birds heh heh!
herofan135's avatar
So beautiful, you captured it perfectly!
WillemSvdMerwe's avatar
Thank you very much!  Perfect is a bit of a strong word ... there are many unknowns when trying to reconstruct a creature as ancient as this!
herofan135's avatar
Indeed, but you did a great job!
RainySkyz's avatar
Amazing drawing! And amazing elephant! I wonder how they used their lower tusks?
WillemSvdMerwe's avatar
Hi and thanks!  We still don't quite know how they used their long lower jaws and tusks ... perhaps to dig up plants. 
Zimices's avatar
Really wonderful portrait. And between prosbocideans, it is between my favorites (also is similar to the animal in my avatar :))
WillemSvdMerwe's avatar
Thanks a lot!  Astrapotheres (and all those other ancient South American things) are very cool too!
Zimices's avatar
The mammals with trunks are cool, indeed :)
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