Genetics and Mutations

Journal Entry: Mon Jun 16, 2014, 3:05 AM


Breeding Your Tokota | Breeding and Genotypes Guide | Genetics and Mutations | Breeding Request Rules




Color Genetics


Tokotas have their own unique system of genetics, along with birth rights (in-born heirarchy status) and several types of unique fur styles. There are four primary base coats. Tundra (common), Tawny (Uncommon) Brown (rare) and Black (extremely rare). As tones and hues get darker, they become more rare and less commonly seen.

Tundra

(TT/Tt) ranges from very light, creamy off-white, to light flaxen color depending on parentage.

Tawny

(Aa/Tt - AA/Tt - Aa/TT) can range from burnt cream, to a milk chocolate tan depending on parentage.

Brown

(AA/Aa) ranges from tanned brown to very dark mahogany, and can be saturated to a point depending on parentage.

Black

(EE/Ee) remains within a few certain tones, and is not saturated. Black is an extremely rare occurrence, due to visibility against the tokota's native tundra environment.

When a homozygous Tundra and homozygous Brown (aa/TT and AA/tt) are bred, it will always result in a Tawny (Aa/Tt).



Genes and Passing Rates


All odds are out of 100. E/C/U/R/V are just example genes and aren't any specific gene.

Extremely Common MarkingsMarkedCollaredAccents

nE x nn = 75% pass nE
nE x nE = 50% pass nE, 50% EE
EE x nE = 25% pass nE, 75% EE
EE x nn = 85% pass nE
EE x EE = 100% pass EE
(Make-Up Remover reduces all Marked gene odds by 10%)
(Collar Concealer decreases the odds of the Collared gene passing to pups)
(Fur Foundation decreases the odds of the Accents gene passing to pups)
(Borga's Blessing reduces all Extremely Common and Common marking pass rates by 10%)


Common MarkingsGreyingCreamPangareBlanketSaddleSableSealRainmarksBearmarksFlecking

nC x nn = 50% pass nC
nC x nC = 75% pass nC, 25% CC
CC x nC = 50% pass nC, 50% CC
CC x nn = 75% pass nC
CC x CC = 100% pass CC
(Saturation Shake reduces all Greying gene odds by 10%)
(Borga's Blessing reduces all Extremely Common and Common marking pass rates by 10%)


Uncommon MarkingsDunPiebaldMerleDappleStarmarksPoints, Thylacine

nU x nn = 25% pass nU
nU x nU = 50% pass nU, 15% UU, 35% No pass
UU x nU = 75% pass nU, 25% UU
UU x nn = 50% pass nU
UU x UU = 75% pass UU, 25% nU

Rare MarkingsWolverineVitiligoBarringLacing

nR x nn = 15% pass nR
nR x nR = 25% pass nR, 10% RR, 65% no pass
RR x nR = 35% pass nR, 20% RR, 45% no pass
RR x nn = 25% pass nR
RR x RR = 50% pass nR, 35% RR, 15% no pass

Very Rare MarkingsRoanShadowmarksLilac

nV x nn = 10% pass nV
nV x nV = 15% pass nV, 5% VV, 80% no pass
VV x nV = 25% pass nV, 15% VV, 60% no pass
VV x nn = 20% pass nV
VV x VV = 50% pass nV, 25% VV, 25% no pass

Extension and Restriction Markings; Extended DunExtended Marked, Restricted PiebaldRestricted Gray, Restricted Lilac, Restricted Seal.

Everything passes at 25%
Restricted Markings can only pass on nX and no XX (Example: nPb+R)
Extended Marking can pass on both nX and XX (example: DD+D or nD+D)
Van Gogh must have piebald present, and will pass at the same rate as uncommon markings.


Aippaq's Fortune trait increases the passing rate of heterozygous (nX) genes by 10%. After the Tokota reaches dominant hierarchy status, the trait also increases the passing rates of rare manes by 10%.




Mutations and Anomalies



Albino

Non Hereditary, can randomly appear on a genotype. 

Bloodmark

Non Hereditary, rare. Can only appear on Tawny base coats.

Chimerism

Non Hereditary, very rare. 

Melanism

Hereditary, at least one parent must have in order to pass.

Leucism

Hereditary, at least one parent must have in order to pass.

Reversal Mutation

Hereditary, at least one parent must have in order to pass. Very rare.

Cross Mutation

Both hereditary and non-hereditary, can only appear when the base coat is black. There are three types:
Brown Cross: Ee/Aa/tt or EE/Aa/tt - black x brown, brown cross x black, brown cross x cross
Silver Cross: Ee/aa/Tt or EE/aa/Tt - black x tundra, silver cross x black, silver cross x cross
Gold Cross: Ee/Aa/Tt or EE/Aa/Tt - gold cross x black, gold cross x cross, brown cross x silver cross

Marbled Mutation

Both hereditary and non-hereditary. Can appear between black x tawny breedings.

Harlequin Mutation

Hereditary, at least one parent must have in order to pass. Can only appear when merle is present.


Mauja's Draw trait gives a Tokota's pups an increased chance of inheriting a random mutation. (Chimerism, Albinism, Bloodmark, or any Hereditary mutations present in the breeding.)



Skin by Horsepoint and alexpeanut, paw icon by Kawiku, images by noebelle
Add a Comment:
 
:icon1unamoon1:
1unaMoon1 Featured By Owner Dec 6, 2019  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Sorry to bother, but what do ee and aa stand for exacly? Sorry if its obvious but i just cant really find info on it?
Reply
:iconpeep1897:
Peep1897 Featured By Owner Edited Dec 6, 2019  Hobbyist Digital Artist
"ee" is the black base coat, "aa" is brown, and "tt" is tundra.
The letters themselves are the code of the gene alleles scientifically
Reply
:icon1unamoon1:
1unaMoon1 Featured By Owner Dec 6, 2019  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Ok, thanks
Reply
:iconkelina10:
Kelina10 Featured By Owner Jul 15, 2019  Student Digital Artist
are there any markings that are nG,nD,nRm? Or am I just confused on the geno...
Reply
:icontokotasofpineridge:
TokotasofPineRidge Featured By Owner Jul 16, 2019  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
nG is Greying, nD is Dun & nRm is Rainmarks
Reply
:iconkelina10:
Kelina10 Featured By Owner Jul 16, 2019  Student Digital Artist
thank you
Reply
:iconurocyongrey:
Urocyongrey Featured By Owner Jun 20, 2019  Hobbyist General Artist
Is cross breeding wise, its own base coat? Genetically speaking it looks like its own thing.
Would it be considered as the same base coat if it were bred of a black or no?
Reply
:iconfurreon:
Furreon Featured By Owner Jun 20, 2019  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Cross isn't its own base coat. Visually, a cross is the mixture of the black and tundra/brown/tawny coat all the other markings sit on top of - the mixed coat is the base coat. Genetics wise a cross is mostly treated as just a black, especially if you're breeding it to something that cannot produce further crosses (like cross x tawny for example). The "crossness" is the hereditary mutation, so if you breed a cross x black, it is possible that you pass on that cross mutation. A cross mutation always needs the base coat of the pup to be able to be black first, and after a black pup is generated, then the cross chance is rolled on top of that. If both parents are crosses (no matter the kind, silver/gold/brown) the chances of getting cross pups will increase.

Even if the geno of a say, silver cross is "Ee/aa/Tt", if you breed it to another black, or a brown toko, it does not mean that the pair would be able to procude tundra pups. The "Tt" in the silver cross's geno is purely visual and serves no purpose genetics wise. The "Tt" in the case of silver crosses is just there to note that "this geno is a silver cross" and nothing more. In other words, crosses are mostly just treated as black base coated tokos with the additional feature of carrying the hereditary mutation.

Hope that cleared it up a bit x'D
Reply
:iconurocyongrey:
Urocyongrey Featured By Owner Jun 20, 2019  Hobbyist General Artist
Kinda XD
I was wondering if the dark elixir would even work for a cross and black breeding pair.
Reply
:iconfurreon:
Furreon Featured By Owner Jun 20, 2019  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Nope, you can't use dark elixir on same coat x same coat breedings because the result will always be that same base coat (in this case black). Like, if we had two browns and you'd use a dark elixir, using it would be pointless because you'd always get browns.
Reply
:iconurocyongrey:
Urocyongrey Featured By Owner Jun 20, 2019  Hobbyist General Artist
Ok so in the case of a black x cross it would be considered the same coat. Good to know.
Reply
:iconfurreon:
Furreon Featured By Owner Jun 20, 2019  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Yes, because a cross is basically just a black with sprinkles on top xD Don't let the Aa and/or Tt in the geno fool ya!
Reply
:iconshiningstarofwinter:
Shiningstarofwinter Featured By Owner Jan 7, 2019  Hobbyist General Artist
//quietly wondering the same thing as CH-Travels
Reply
:iconch-travels:
CH-Travels Featured By Owner Jul 30, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
It's been stated for a while that the odds are "coming soon" for mutations and anomalies; I was wondering if that's still going to happen? o: Or have you guys changed your minds about releasing the mutation passing rates?
Reply
:iconkagetora4ever:
kagetora4ever Featured By Owner Edited May 29, 2018  Hobbyist General Artist
This is just the "has a very slow working brain" kage, wanting to make double sure, as the heat has melted my ability to think xD
If you have two nG parents, and get a GG pup, you cannot remove both the grey genes with PotA tokens? And for a nG pup from them, you can't remove the single one?
Reply
:iconnorthpaws:
NorthPaws Featured By Owner May 29, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
You are correct. Because the odds for grey are:

nG x nG = 75% pass nG, 25% GG

If would be impossible for a naturally grey-free pup to occur in the litter. PoTA tokens can only do what would have originally been possible in the breeding in the first place ^^
Reply
:iconkagetora4ever:
kagetora4ever Featured By Owner May 29, 2018  Hobbyist General Artist
Alright ^^
Reply
:iconkingdoddy:
KINGDODDY Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2018
i posted this elsewhere but i truly need help.

i really want a SPECIAL NEEDS tokota but many of the genos/parents and all are from last year and such. i can't really find updated types that would produce the results i want??
Reply
:iconitraka:
Itraka Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Am not an admin but am a player; but I could probably help. what are you trying to say, though? I’m afraid I don’t understand very well. :0 is it a disabled toko you want?
Reply
:iconkingdoddy:
KINGDODDY Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2018
hey! thanks for your help btw
and yes i would love a disabled toko (like blind or dwarfism or what not)!
Reply
:iconitraka:
Itraka Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Dwarfism doesn’t exactly count as a disability these days!X’D

also what were you trying to say about parents/genes from last year?:0
Reply
:iconkingdoddy:
KINGDODDY Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2018
well i wanted to get the available genes from that sheet but it seemed they were taken??
i guess i need step by step to make one cause there's tons of words and sentences about this so
its hard to follow :'D
Reply
:iconitraka:
Itraka Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Ah, u mean genos? Ah that happens, ya. Do u have a discord by any chance? There’s a tokos discord chat that makes it easier for u to ask for help!:0
Reply
:iconkingdoddy:
KINGDODDY Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2018
I do have discord!!
i think that would be easier yes! :'D
i feel that i'll be crowded tho and i honestly don't want to deal with that ; __;
i guess i'll read a bit harder??? 
Reply
:iconitraka:
Itraka Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Hmm...what are your thoughts on infertile tokos? They’ll never be able to breed, but still...they’re disabled.
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconthehuskyactivist:
TheHuskyActivist Featured By Owner Apr 12, 2018  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
can some one plz help me understand this? ee/aa/TT/CC/AA/nG/nCr/nBl/BrBr
Reply
:icondiscrete-disguise:
Discrete-Disguise Featured By Owner Apr 13, 2018
There should be a phenotype written under your genotype that says what it means! It should sound something like "Greying cream collared tundra with accents, blanket and bearmarks"

Also, all the genotypes are written out within the marking guides found here: Design Guide Handbook
Reply
:iconthehuskyactivist:
TheHuskyActivist Featured By Owner Apr 13, 2018  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
OOO ok thx!
Reply
:iconseasprouting:
seasprouting Featured By Owner Feb 23, 2018  Student Digital Artist
I'm working to get this girl but I can't find any tawnies in her heritage - where might I find the right colour to make her or is it up to me?? ;0;
comments.deviantart.com/1/7240…
Riddick 28308 x Yuki 31040
2) Female, Natural Mane
Submissive - Healthy
25% DIRE
ee/Aa/Tt/MM/CC/AA
Marked collared tawny with accents
Hereditary Traits:
Caver
Reply
:iconlachtaube:
Lachtaube Featured By Owner Feb 23, 2018  Professional Digital Artist
If there are no visible tawnies in the lineage, you will need to use the Standard Tawny base coat swatches provided in the design guide: Design Guide: Base Coats
Reply
:iconseasprouting:
seasprouting Featured By Owner Feb 24, 2018  Student Digital Artist
thank you!! <333
Reply
:iconcrazyhorselover345:
CrazyHorseLover345 Featured By Owner Edited Jan 17, 2018  Hobbyist General Artist
Does the member breeding roller not take Mauja's Draw or Nanook's Shadow into account? I spent the last several minutes just rolling possible genos. Male is reversal brown, female is black... so?

Edit: Male has both Mauja's Draw and Nanook's Shadow
Reply
:icontotemspirit:
TotemSpirit Featured By Owner Jan 22, 2018
The roller we have linked isn't a "member roller." It's the actual roller that admins use to roll breedings. It does take them into a count. If you're not seeing what you want in the litters, it's likely just bad RNG luck, I'm afraid.
Reply
:iconnorahchi:
NorahChi Featured By Owner Edited Aug 22, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Hello! I am in the process of adopting a genotype, and i was wondering, is it possible to come across a: marked collared greying lilac black piebald with accents? I know lilac is rare... but I really like it... so :D yeah, just a question. 

And what about a curly mane?
Reply
:iconteachmetolearn:
TeachMeToLearn Featured By Owner Aug 22, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
yeah, i'm pretty sure there are already several of those. Lilac black is rare, but those other markings really aren't.

On a curly mane, i think their might be one or two i know of, but curly manes in generally aren't super hard to get a hold of, i have two myself
Reply
:iconnorahchi:
NorahChi Featured By Owner Aug 22, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I looked through most of the genos and couldn't find anything, lol *cries* :P
Reply
:iconteachmetolearn:
TeachMeToLearn Featured By Owner Aug 22, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
here is a page of them
totemspirit.deviantart.com/gal…
Reply
:iconnorahchi:
NorahChi Featured By Owner Aug 22, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Thanks! It's much appreciated!
Reply
:icondovahcourts:
DovahCourts Featured By Owner Jun 6, 2017  Hobbyist General Artist
what does ee mean?
Reply
:icondiscrete-disguise:
Discrete-Disguise Featured By Owner Jun 6, 2017
ee is the 'black' base coat. Black won't be the base coat if it's 'ee'. 'Ee' and 'EE' would show the black coat c:
Reply
:iconnasachan:
NasaChan Featured By Owner May 10, 2017  Student General Artist
I'm confused oh how to read a genotype.
Can someone help me?
Reply
:iconteachmetolearn:
TeachMeToLearn Featured By Owner May 10, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
You can read through the info here:
tokotas.deviantart.com/journal…
Reply
:iconnasachan:
NasaChan Featured By Owner May 10, 2017  Student General Artist
Thank you
Reply
:iconsucioperro:
SucioPerro Featured By Owner May 10, 2017   Digital Artist
are these just the odds released to the public or have odds changed?
Reply
:iconquercifolium:
quercifolium Featured By Owner May 10, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
The odds are actually already in the game, this is just the public release of the numbers as a few people were asking about them.
Reply
:iconsucioperro:
SucioPerro Featured By Owner May 10, 2017   Digital Artist
Neat
Reply
:icontheo-ddchild:
TheO-ddChild Featured By Owner May 9, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Some of these are pretty huge changes :o
I won't be so eager to jump on dom gene slots anymore, I suppose.
Reply
:iconmajfisch:
majfisch Featured By Owner May 9, 2017
Can UUxUU not pass nU? If so, getting the marking from UUxUU is actually less likely than RRxRR, where the odds of 50% nR + 35% RR equal 85 % passage (more compared to UUxUU's 75% UU). Just like UUxnU which has 100% of getting the marking.
Reply
:icontromacom:
tromacom Featured By Owner May 10, 2017  Hobbyist General Artist
Yep I checked and the 25% would be nU
Reply
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