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Deutsch-Ostafrika by ToixStory Deutsch-Ostafrika by ToixStory
Possibly my most ambitious project to date, this is a map of a German East Africa that managed to survive World War I (thanks to a German victory in the war) and prosper afterwards, eventually winning its independence years later. I hope you all enjoy.




The year is 2004: 40 years after the full independence of the United Republic of East Africa, in which the colonies of Tanganyika, Rwanda, and Burundi united with the British breakaway Zanzibar colony to form a single nation; a commonwealth within Germany's overseas empire rather than a directly-ruled colony. As one of the largest economies in Africa, it is little wonder that East Africa remains an important asset of Germany's sphere of influence even after independence. After all, with so many ties to the fatherland, it is hard to imagine the two nations permanently separating, even all these years later.

To understand East Africa's rise to dominance, one would have to trace the history back to the First World War, in which German forces successfully defeated the Allied Powers and had, by 1917, ended the war effectively and decisively. Germany's African colonies were eventually spared due to problems in Europe for the Allied powers and German negotiations. The saving of her overseas colonies would soon prove to be a boon to Germany, as a series of mineral resource rushes would occur throughout German East Africa in the years following the war.

Former soldiers and displaced civilians, primarily from East Prussia and Posen, streamed into the colony in the 1920s and 1930s, brought by the prospect of steady work and plentiful land in East Africa's highlands. Unlike other African colonies, the cool, temperate, and relatively disease-free highlands of East Africa offered the Europeans a habitable area of their own in the country, not dissimilar to the cape and highlands of South Africa. Centered around the growing town of Bergen, German settlers would quickly expand mining and farming operations throughout the highlands, making the nation a place to call their home.

It was through this settlement, too, that whites would come to form a symbiosis with their black countrymen. In order to ship their extracted resources and refined materials to market, German settlers built an intricate and advanced series of railways and roads throughout East Africa's interior, and quickly helped transform Dar Es Salaam into one of the most prosperous ports of trade in Africa. The more white business in the highlands grew, the more black business in the coastal lowlands grew. It is a symbiosis that carries over to this day, though the goods sent to market are manufactured and crafted rather than extracted from the fertile Earth.

The Second World War would bring about more change to East Africa, as black and white men from the colony fought alongside the Germans who, after years of heavy fighting and help from the a united Europe, drove the Russians back out of Europe which they had so eagerly conquered. It was hard fighting that left millions dead and millions more homeless and distraught. A number of those without a home to return to would make the journey to East Africa for a new life. These Europeans would help form the basis of a new middle-class less made of miners and farmers, but of white collar workers in the office buildings springing up in Bergen, Dar Es Salaam, and Neu Langenburg.

East Africa's new middle class, mostly white but with many black Africans as well, would help shape the transformation of East Africa from resource colony to developed country throughout the 1950s. An East African scientist, Albert Hoffman, would contribute to the creation and detonation of Germany's first atomic bomb in the Namibian Desert in 1949. Manufacturing, crafting, and financial business began to take hold of the East African population, particularly the whites and the mixed "coloureds" (a term borrowed from South Africa), and with it came calls for independence from the German government who attempted to continue to rule East Africa from Berlin. East Africans would use the formation of the European Common Market Organization (ECMO) in 1951 as an argument for their economic independence, as the ECMO's charter argued for the economic self-determination of not just European states, but all states.

Germany had begun transitioning East Africa from colony to commonwealth in 1961, but events in 1963 sped up the process. Zanzibar, a British protectorate, declared independence and violently overthrew their government, installing a militant, extremist anti-Arab dictator who massacred hundreds of Arab and Asian citizens before German, East African, and British authorities stepped in and removed him from power. When a subsequent referendum established Zanzibar's desire to separate from the British but to not seek independence, Germany granted East Africa the power to draft itself a new constitution, which Zanzibar joined in making, creating the United Republic of East Africa.

Since independence, East Africa has become a bastion of democratic strength in eastern Africa, particularly during the rough years of the 1980s when it seemed half the continent was in an uproar. East Africa's economy has continued to grow, and is on par with the likes of South Africa and Nigeria, and even head of its longtime rival in the region, Ethiopia. However, many problems have plagued East Africa, and many are still yet to be faced by the government. Though not nearly as bad as the apartheid of South Africa, racism against the Black African majority in East Africa did not begin to fully erode until the mid-1980s, and even today in the government center of Dodoma and "white" province of the Southern Highlands, whites dominate. Despite this, the symbiotic relationship between highland whites and lowland blacks has managed to keep outright violence from erupting, and with each passing year the sides grow less extreme and more tolerant of each other.

Economically, East Africa has continued a long, sustained period of growth as more and more of the country moves from subsistence farming into the developed world. Even with a rapidly-growing population of over 55 million, East Africa has more than enough room for all at over twice the size of Germany and the resources to enrich them all. Ongoing tapping of East Africa's vast mineral and agricultural resources has swelled the nation's GDP since the early 1990s. Though the economic divide between provinces can be stark, ongoing efforts to close the gap have expanded the nation's roads and railways, given schools and hospitals to towns in need, and allowed for the growth of newer cities, particularly in the Lake, Rwanda, Burundi, and Southern provinces. 

Overall, the United Republic of East Africa is a nation that has enjoyed a unique and rich history that propelled it from third-rate colony to first-rate power in Africa, allowing the many peoples of East Africa to unite together under one banner and look forward to a future that can only be bright. If the past 40 years of independence have brought so many good things to the country, it is hard to imagine what the next 40 will bring.




If you liked this map, considering donating to my Patreon!
Add a Comment:
 
:iconrds98:
rds98 Featured By Owner Dec 25, 2017
So what became of Togo, Cameroon, Namibia, and Germany's Chinese concessions?
Reply
:icontoixstory:
ToixStory Featured By Owner Dec 26, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
They became independent nations with agreements and treaties with Germany to keep them all close.
Reply
:iconardolon:
Ardolon Featured By Owner Nov 22, 2017  Student Artist
Very nice, I really like your picture and your alternate history timeline u wrote down.

Btw I made a picture of the alterntate history of Tanzania on my account as well.
Reply
:icontoixstory:
ToixStory Featured By Owner Nov 22, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I noticed, and you did fantastic! I'm glad I could inspire someone with my work. :) I hope you make more maps, you are doing great!
Reply
:iconfridip:
Fridip Featured By Owner Nov 10, 2016  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I looks amazing!
Reply
:iconbadgingbadger:
BadgingBadger Featured By Owner Dec 20, 2015
Tanzania, fuck yeah!
Reply
:iconbadgingbadger:
BadgingBadger Featured By Owner Dec 22, 2015
Also, is germany nazist or is it something other?
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:icontoixstory:
ToixStory Featured By Owner Dec 31, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
No. Germany is still imperial but is a constitutional monarchy that is right of center politically. Due to winning World War I, Nazis never came to power or even existed at all.
Reply
:iconbadgingbadger:
BadgingBadger Featured By Owner Aug 17, 2016
Forgive my comment, i hadn't read the description at that time.
What caused TTL's second world war and who fought on each side? Did the americans get involved?
Reply
:icontoixstory:
ToixStory Featured By Owner Aug 25, 2016  Hobbyist Digital Artist
TTL's Second World War was primarily fought between Germany and allies on one side and France and Russia on the other. The United States declined to get involved but instead focused on the wars happening in East Asia while Britain, put off by the authoritarian overtones of the French and Russians, also did not join the war. The Germans eventually won and created the current Europe.
Reply
:iconbadgingbadger:
BadgingBadger Featured By Owner Edited Sep 7, 2016
1. Wars in East Asia? So, basically wars of japanese aggression?
2. So, what unified currency does the current german-dominated "EU" use, if they use one?
3. What happened to Russia ITTL? Did they fall to revolution?
4. Are the poles angry that they're still under the german thumb?
5. Was there a space race ITTL or did Germany/someone else just waltz in unopposed into space?
6. Is there an US-like "world policeman" here?
7. What's the current situation of the jewish diaspora? Is there an Israel-analogue here?
Reply
:icontoixstory:
ToixStory Featured By Owner Sep 18, 2016  Hobbyist Digital Artist
1. Yeah, Japan got pretty nasty due to factors that were there even before World War I and was eventually stopped by the US. The US now focuses on East Asia as its sphere of power...though for how long East Asia will be under the US' influence nobody knows.
2. The Europamark which was based on the value of the Reichsmark after the war, which helped provide Europe with a valuable and flexible currency.
3. The Russia after WWI was a shaky Russian Republic that used pan-Slavic nationalism to hold itself together. Following the war their government was overthrown and one more resembling today's Russian Federation was established. Very isolationist and not a fan of the Germans, the US is currently Russia's biggest ally.
4. As much as the Germans would deny it, they are indeed quite angry and pushing for sovereignity, but who knows if they'll get it soon. Really likely to be a flashpoint before long.
5. The Germans had an early lead in the space race, but the Russo-American alliance with its larger resource base and more united populations soon took up the league after getting rocketry down and the first mission to the moon was American. Germans and the Russo-Americans both maintain stations in space, but an ISS doesn't seem exceedingly likely due to tensions between the two blocs.
6. Not really. The US has its sphere of influence, Germany has its own, and neither are large enough to encompass enough of the world to be a policeman.
7. No Israel analogue here. There are a number of Jews in Palestine, particularly around Tel Aviv and Lake Galilee, but it's not a Jewish state. Anti-semitism is still more prevalent in Europe than OTL due to no Holocaust so many Jewish people have left for the US or UK. Some even live in East Africa.
Reply
:iconbadgingbadger:
BadgingBadger Featured By Owner Feb 22, 2017
What's the current territorial situation of Europe? Are Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine independent? Who's top dog in the balkans? What happened to Austria-Hungary?
Reply
(1 Reply)
:iconconciliarityoftepat:
conciliarityoftepat Featured By Owner Oct 16, 2015
Excellent topographic map
Reply
:iconnealman11:
NealMan11 Featured By Owner Sep 18, 2015
You're just getting compliments from all the cool kids.
Reply
:icontardis218:
Tardis218 Featured By Owner Oct 17, 2015
Because it's an awesome, well done map. It takes like more than a month to make some of these maps.  Thus, with effort you get rewarded for it, via comments and favs.
Reply
:iconnealman11:
NealMan11 Featured By Owner Oct 25, 2015
I never said it was bad. Its awesome!
Reply
:icontardis218:
Tardis218 Featured By Owner Oct 25, 2015
Oh, sorry. I mis-read it.
Reply
:icontardis218:
Tardis218 Featured By Owner Oct 15, 2015
It's an awesome map!
Reply
:iconsirkokosnuss:
SirKokosnuss Featured By Owner Aug 26, 2015
Zum Glück ist uns sowas erspart geblieben.
Reply
:iconoretah:
oretah Featured By Owner Jan 3, 2017
Ja gell (Namibier hier)!
Reply
:icontoixstory:
ToixStory Featured By Owner Aug 26, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
My German is rusty, but does that say "Happy to see something was spared?" or something along those lines? ^^; Anyway, glad you like it, Deutsch-Ostafrika deserves more love.
Reply
:iconsirkokosnuss:
SirKokosnuss Featured By Owner Aug 27, 2015
but i like the map anyway good workCutie Thumbs Up 
Reply
:iconsirkokosnuss:
SirKokosnuss Featured By Owner Aug 27, 2015
I meant that tansania should be free of any people exchange like germans in africa or africans in germany
Reply
:iconarminius1871:
Arminius1871 Featured By Owner Aug 21, 2015
That´s really cool and so detailled well done!
Reply
:icongrisador:
grisador Featured By Owner Aug 16, 2015
Nice alternate history ! :)
Reply
:iconfennomanic:
fennomanic Featured By Owner Aug 16, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Excellent work! :D
Reply
:iconkuusinen:
Kuusinen Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Very interesting and well done! 
Reply
:iconmdc01957:
mdc01957 Featured By Owner Aug 14, 2015
Wow! Those map-making skills are well up there! :D
Reply
:iconleopold002:
Leopold002 Featured By Owner Aug 14, 2015  Hobbyist Writer
Simply captivating. Captured my interest and held it!
Reply
:iconwhippetwild:
WhippetWild Featured By Owner Aug 14, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
ECMO? I will look into this.
Reply
:icontoixstory:
ToixStory Featured By Owner Aug 14, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Oops, I meant to put that in the description. The ECMO is the European Common Market Organization, something like a more economically-focused EU run by Germany.
Reply
:iconwhippetwild:
WhippetWild Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Oh alright. Sounds very good to me. 
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:iconwhippetwild:
WhippetWild Featured By Owner Aug 14, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
that is indeed amazing.
Reply
:iconbruiser128:
bruiser128 Featured By Owner Aug 14, 2015  Student Traditional Artist
Interesting to see a former African colony that is actually parallel
in comparison to the former Spanish colonies of Latin America.
Reply
:icontardis218:
Tardis218 Featured By Owner Aug 14, 2015
Awesome.
Reply
:iconfederalrepublic:
FederalRepublic Featured By Owner Aug 14, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Amazing as always ^^
Reply
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