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Maps of Cypriot Elections and Referenda

By Thumboy21
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This is a set of maps of Cypriot election and referendum results since 1950 by district.

President and Vice President:
Cyprus is a presidential republic where the President is both head of government and head of state. Under the President is the Vice President. Unlike other presidential republics where the President and Vice President run together as a "ticket", in Cyprus they are selected separately. The President must be Greek and is elected by Greek voters. The Vice President must be Turkish and is elected by Turkish voters. The Vice President has veto powers over certain types of legislation and executive decisions. The aim of this was to protect the interests of Turkish Cypriots by creating a power sharing system. However, this veto power caused more conflict with the Greeks, eventually leading to the Turkish withdrawal from all government positions including the Vice Presidency in 1963. Since then, the position has been vacant. As a result, the 1959 Vice Presidential Election was the only one to ever occur (and it was uncontested). Presidential elections occur every five years with a second round when no candidate reaches a majority. 

House of Representatives:
The Cypriot House of Representatives is the Cypriot legislature which votes on legislation. When the 1960 Constitution was written, the House had 50 seats - 35 elected by Greeks and 15 elected by Turks. In 1963, the Turkish members withdrew leaving only 35 members. In 1985, the House was enlarged to 80 members - 56 Greek members and 24 Turkish members. The 1960 Constitution also created 3 non-voting representatives for the Armenian, Maronite and Latin minorities. Still, today, the Turkish seats remain unoccupied and thus the 1960 Legislative Election was the only one ever been held for Turkish members. Since the 2006 Legislative Election, Turks living in Government-held territory have been able to vote for Greek representatives. The House of Representatives is elected by proportional representation on a district basis every five years.

Communal Chambers:
The Communal Chambers were two legislative bodies, one for the Greek community and one for the Turkish community meant to handle internal matters within the communities such as religious and cultural matters as well as civil disputes. The Greek Communal Chamber had 26 members, including 3 reserved for minorities (Armenians, Maronites and Latins) while the Turkish Communal Chamber had 30 members. Following the withdrawal of Turkish Cypriots from national politics in 1963, the Greek Communal Chamber became obsolete because Greek communal matters could simply be dealt with at the national level. As such, the Greek Chamber was dissolved in 1965. Although the Turkish Communal Chamber was never officially dissolved, its members and the former Turkish members of the House of Representatives joined together to establish the Turkish Cypriot Legislative Assembly in 1967. As such, the 1960 Communal Chamber Elections were the only Communal Chamber elections ever held. 

European Parliament:
Cyprus joined the European Union in 2004 and has 6 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) who are elected on a national basis with proportional representation every five years. 

Referenda: 
Cyprus has no legal provisions for referenda and they aren't held often. Only two have occurred in Cypriot history. The first occurred in 1950 on Union with Greece, organized by the Church. The result was 95.7% of voters in favour of Union with Greece. However, the referendum was opposed by British Colonial Authorities, the ballot wasn't secret and very few Turks voted. The second occurred in 2004 on the Annan Plan, which was rejected by an overwhelming 75.8% of voters in Government-held territory. 



Sources:
Ministry of Interior - results.elections.moi.gov.cy/G…
Cypriot Parliament - www.parliament.cy/el/general-i…
Eklektor - www.eklektor.org/en/step1_year…
Elections in Europe: A Data Handbook by Dieter Nohlen and Philip Stöver
Phile News - web.archive.org/web/2016042102…
Rizospastis - www.rizospastis.gr/story.do?id…
Eklogika - www.eklogika.gr/page/cyprus_el…
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