RARE BREED OF THE MONTH - Sept. 2013

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The CLUMBER SPANIEL



Other names: -
Origin: England
Use: hunting (field & water fowl)
Recognition: FCI, CKC, AKC, UKC, CKC, NKC, APRI, NAPR



HISTORY:
Although there are no documents that clearly state this, it is believed that the first Clumbers evolved in France, around 1768, under the supervision of the Duke of Noailles. At the time of the French Revolution, the breeding stock was kept safe by being moved to England, where the Duke of Newcastle took them in and continued the breeding, testing and selection. This period is the most important one in the breed`s development.

The Clumber Spaniel evolved from a mixture of other breeds such as the Alpine Spaniel (extinct), Basset Hound, Great Pyrenees, Bernese Mountain Dog and Saint Bernard.

The breed was first shown in England in 1859 and was supported by members of the Royal House (Prince Albert, Queen Victoria, King Edward VII etc).

These dogs were named after the Duke of Newcastle`s 3.800-acred estate - Clumber Park, in Nottinghamshire, England.

Clumbers were first introduce to North American in 1844, by Lieutenant Venables, an officer of the British regiment stationed at Halifax, Nova Scotia, and the breed became one of the first 10 breeds to be recognized by the American Kennel Club, later on, in 1884.

CHARACTERISTICS:
The Clumber is the heaviest of all the Spaniel breeds. Being big-boned and also, a fast-grower, these dogs are prone to bone problems if not given sufficient calcium in the puppyhood stage. Also, hip dysplasia and cataract may occur in some specimens as hereditary illnesses.

These dogs are great gun dogs. They are calm, gentle, love field work and cope well with both open fields as well as with thick shrub areas. They are good swimmers and enjoy getting wet.
If socialized from a proper age and taught manners, Clumbers get along just fine with any other pets or strangers.

Like all Spaniel breeds, Clumbers love human companionship, children and being the center of attention. However, their playful and trustworthy nature does not mean that they will get along with strangers, well not instantly at least!

Like Dalmatians, Clumber pups are born completely white, developing their orange spots only later on.

Being the heaviest Spaniel makes them the slowest, but this disadvantage is turned around by their excellent sense of smell and tracking abilities.

When considering of buying a Clumber Spaniel, always make sure to verify its origins as this may help you avoid future hereditary illnesses that the dog may develop. Also, keep in mind, that despite the Clumber may seem a great apartment dog - as mature dogs do not tend to be very active - they are heavy shedders and also drool quite a lot. Also, the long, wavy coat requires constant combing and regular trimming.

COAT:
-       long, wavy and thick
-       color: white (base color - 80%) with brown, orange or lemon markings (head area)
-       tail: docked (traditionally)

EYES:
-     brown, amber

SIZE:
-       Height: 16-22 in (41-51 cm)
-       Weight: 55 - 85 lbs (25-39 kg)

Short video presentation of the breed: Dogs 101 - the Clumber Spaniel >link<


ARTICLE WRITTEN BY :iconnatiawarner:
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