Between the mid-eighteenth century and until the second half of the nineteenth century, two important artistic, cultural and literary trends developed that stood out for ideologies, principles, knowledge, and distinctive yet opposing practices: Neoclassicism and Romanticism. Through this article there will be a brief comparative review between Neoclassical Painting and Romantic Painting.
Neoclassicism emerged in the mid-eighteenth century during the period of the Enlightenment (or Century of Lights) with a great interest in classical Greek and Roman antiquity. Preference was given to reason and knowledge rather than sensitivity, the artist had to follow the typical academic norms of art.
Oath of the Horatii (1784). Jacques-Louis David
The Neoclassical Painting was characterized by the prominence of the academicist drawing (and not so much of the color), the beauty in the proportions, the clear and diffuse luminosity that allo