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Polish c.1660 by Tadarida Polish c.1660 by Tadarida
Up until the baroque era, Polish nobility wore styles that were a combination of Western European, German and Italian influences. However, in late 16th century a distinctive Polish style emerged, connected to the ideology and culture of Sarmatism. It would continue well into 18th century, dying somehow after the Partitions. 

Men would wear oriental-looking clothes (because of the supposed Sarmatian heritage):
-Żupan - a long, tailored inner garnment, closed in the front with buttons
-Kontusz - outer robe, that could be worn over the żupan. It had long, flowing sleeves with slits in the front.
-Kontusz sash - a cloth sash tied over the kontusz. It was made of a 3 to 4.5 m long material and could be folded in a number of ways. The more wealthy the wearer, the better materials he would use for the sash. The most expensive ones were made from silk and gold.
-Popular headwear was a kalpak, a fur hat decorated with heron feather.
-Men would always be ready to stab each other, so they wore decorative sabres
-They also wore shalwars and high boots, often yellow.
They also usually sported voluminous mustache.

Except from the court, almost all nobility would follow this fashion. Some men wore European styles, but they were usually considered "traitors".

Women's fashion was less defined. They usually wore Western fashions, with some Polish decorations. In 18th century the female version of kontusz appeared and was mixed with the French fashions. One thing that never really came to Poland were the towering hairstyles of 1770s.
:iconlavenderl:
lavenderl Featured By Owner Sep 20, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
The history is very interesting; I never knew that.  The picture is beautifully done as always. ^^
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:icontadarida:
Tadarida Featured By Owner Sep 21, 2015
Thank you! The diversity in national costumes is really amazing.
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:iconlavenderl:
lavenderl Featured By Owner Sep 21, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
My pleasure!  I must agree. ^^
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