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Cryolophosaurus ellioti

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By SpinoInWonderland   |   
Published: October 28, 2013
© 2013 - 2020 SpinoInWonderland
Cryolophosaurus ellioti - the first non-avian theropod discovered in Antarctica

Temporal range: Early Jurassic, Plienbachian, around ~190 Ma

Length: 6.5+ metres
Mass: 500+ kilograms

Etymology: Elliot's frozen-crested reptile


Cryolophosaurus was a large theropod dinosaur, with a crest on its head which is reminiscent of a Spanish comb. It is the first large carnivorous dinosaur to be discovered in Antarctica and the first Mesozoic dinosaur from the continent to be officially named.

It was originally described as a basal tetanuran, though subsequent studies have found that it is likely a dilophosaurid. The holotype, FMNH PR1821, is the only known specimen of Cryolophosaurus, and is likely a subadult. It's skull was estimated to be ~65 centimetres long.

In the Early Jurassic, Antarctica was closer to the equator and the planet's climate was warmer than today, but the climate was still cool temperate. The coastal areas probably never dropped much below freezing, although more extreme conditions existed inland.

Cryolophosaurus was found about ~650 kilometres from the South Pole, but at the time it lived, this was about ~1650 kilometres or so from the Pole. It coexisted with the basal sauropodomorph Glacialisaurus, a crow-sized pterosaur, a tritylodont(a type of synapsid about the size of a rat), some herbivorous synapsids, and an unknown theropod. Fossilized trees were recovered only two metres away from Cryolophosaurus, indicating that forests had once grown on Antarctica's lands before it drifted southward.
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Based on :iconscotthartman: 's Cryolophosaurus

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UPDATE(11/13/2015): Redrew the face. Previous version for comparison here.
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Comments8
anonymous's avatar
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TriceratopsHorridus's avatar

That's an amazing shade of blue on it!

Spinosaurus-Fan's avatar
Spinosaurus-FanHobbyist Digital Artist
Very good!
Thesporerex's avatar
Probably your best work so far, great job
King-Edmarka's avatar
King-EdmarkaHobbyist General Artist
This Cryolophosaurus is wonderful! I'm glad people are starting to give it the lithe "Dilophosaurid" look that it should be, as apposed to the Carnosaur look that it's generally depicted as. :D
Saberrex's avatar
SaberrexHobbyist General Artist
The Cryolophosaurus that had been found showed evidence of having strangled on its meal. it also showed evidence of being scavenged.
SpinoInWonderland's avatar
Well it obviously wasn't thinking when it decided to bite off more than it can chew, and became food itself as a result :D
Saberrex's avatar
SaberrexHobbyist General Artist
how true. it must have been starved if it resorted to eating that carelessly.
anonymous's avatar
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