1- Only 20% of the gold and silver was actually exported to the mainland, the rest remained in the Americas in order to build roads, churches, universities, cities and whatever infrastructure needed, these colonial buildings did not come out of nowhere.
2- The inquisition is an exaggeration, first of all, Indians were not considered as infidels or heretics who had to be killed, most of them were conversed to catholicism. In the mainland, the inquisition was more like a judge in which a tribunal was to decide if the accused was heretic or not. The actual number of death penalties was around 4% of the accused ones, with most of the penaltys being humiliation and home arrest. For example, around 300 women were burnt accused of witchery in Spain, compared t the 25,000 of Germany. There was a relative freedom of tought, but there weren't many who could do it.
3- The Indians were considered full citizens with the same rights as the white men, many Indians studied in universities and were int