It is bordered by England in the east and the Atlantic Ocean and Irish Sea in the west.
Cardiff is the capital and largest city.
The population is over 3 million.
The name "Wales" means Foreigner, or Stranger.
The modern Welsh name for themselves is ‘Cymry’, which means Fellow-countrymen."
Wales has over 750 miles of coastline, and is largely mountainous.
Wales has over 600 castles.
Wales has one of the oldest literary traditions in Europe.
Wales is often referred to as The Land of Song due to its musical tradition.
It has been known for its harpists, male choirs and solo artists.
The Welsh Pony and Welsh Corgi dog both originated in Wales.
The Tudor Dynasty, which ruled England from 1485-1603, was of Welsh origin.
Colin Ray Jackson, (b 1967)
A sprint and hurdling athlete.
Olympic silver medalist and three time world champion.
Joseph William Calzaghe, (b 1972)
Super Middleweight and Light Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Sir Geraint Llewellyn Evans (1922-1992) Bbaritone and bass-baritone opera singer.
Dame Gwyneth Jones, (b 1936) A soprano singer.
Siân James ( b 1961) Traditional folk singer and harpist.
John Rhys-Davies (b 1944) An actor and voice actor.
Philip Anthony Hopkins (b 1937) Film, stage and television actor.
0.1% Jewish (2000)
Wales has been inhabited for thousands of years.
Celtic groups settled in the country around 1000 B.C.
From 78-410 A.D. Wales, like the rest of Britain, was ruled by the Roman Empire.
In 410 A.D. Rome withdrew from Britain and most of the lowland areas were overrun by
Germanic peoples such as the Anglo-Saxons.
Wales was able to remain free of Anglo-Saxon rule and established several kingdoms and states.
From this Welsh national identity emerged.
The most powerful ruler was acknowledged as 'King of the Britons'.
During the 12th and 13th centuries, this title evolved into the 'Prince of Wales.'
For hundreds of years Wales struggled to maintain its independence and there were frequent conflicts with England.
Inner struggles, pressure from the English and later, Normans, led to the Welsh kingdoms gradually coming under English control.
In 1282 England gained control of Wales.
The Welsh launched several revolts and briefly regained independence during the early 15th century.
Wales was finally annexed by England in 1536.
In 1707 Wales became part of the Kingdom of Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales).
In 1801 the United Kingdom was established (England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland)
During the Industrial Revolution, the development of mining and metallurgical industries turned Wales into an industrial nation.
Distinctive Welsh politics developed during the 19th century.
Welsh national feeling grew during the 20th century.
Wales shares a close political and social history with the rest of Britain but has a distinct cultural identity.
Almost everyone speaks English, but the country is officially bilingual.
Over 560,000 Welsh language speakers live in Wales.
20% of the population speak fluent Welsh.
Two-thirds of the population live in southern Wales.
Wales has limited governing power apart from the UK parliament.
Some hope for eventual independence.
The economy is closely tied with the rest of Britain.
The economy is largely based on light and service industries and tourism.
Due to recession, Wales has seen a decline in industrial sectors.
Wales has a slightly lower economic output than the rest of the UK.
Because of poor soil quality, much of Wales is unsuitable for crop-growing.
Livestock farming has traditionally been the focus of agriculture.
Most of the population claim Christianity.
The largest denominations are the Anglican Church and Presbyterianism.
The second largest is Roman Catholic.
For many church attendance is simply a matter of culture and/or tradition.
Many are drawn to a purely social gospel.
Negativism and materialism are prevalent
Only 7% of the population attend church regularly.
Many churches are closing as a result of low attendance.
There are small groups of Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs and Buddhists.
32.1% of the population are agnostic/atheist.
7.6% are undeclared.
Pray that issues regarding Wales independence be resolved fairly and peacefully.
Pray that the economy improve.
Pray that the churches experience a revival.
Pray that GOD pour His Holy Spirit on Wales.
Pray that churches develop discernment in the face of the increasing materialism.
Pray that Christians seek out a relationship/commitment to Jesus, not just
Pray that the Gospel spread among Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs and Buddhists.
Not that I have no sympathy for Wales... but compared to some of the countries you ask us to pray for, it seems like it has very few major-league problems.
I'd lump their needs in with a prayer I give when I remember that I should... for all my fellow humans to become more Christlike in heart and mind, with a special mention of those who are currently in need of the most change. A lot of God's more heavy-handed interventions becomes unnecessary then, even when in crisis. And it would probably please Him to see His children 'grown up' enough in His ways that He doesn't constantly have to intervene in fights or clean up our messes.