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Emirate of Garnatah (Granada) 1287 - 1492 by SalesWorlds Emirate of Garnatah (Granada) 1287 - 1492 by SalesWorlds
This maps continues the previous historical map of Andalusia: Al Andalus - Almohad Empire 1204 - 1287 The next is Four kingdoms of Andalusia 1492 - 1720

The Emirate of Granada, also known as the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada, was an emirate established in 1230 by Mohammed I ibn Nasr. After Prince Idris left Iberia to take the Almohad Caliphate leadership, the ambitious Mohammed I ibn Nasr established the last Muslim dynasty on the Iberian peninsula, the Nasrids. The Nasrid emirs were responsible for building the Alhambra palace complex as it is known today. By 1250, the Emirate was the last part of the Iberian peninsula held by the Muslims. Andalusi Romance and Andalusian Arabic language were the mother tongues of the majority of the population. For two more centuries, the region enjoyed considerable cultural and economic prosperity but also ongoing infightings over power. It was gradually conquered by the Crown of Castile and dissolved with the 1491 Treaty of Granada, ending the Granada War. In January 1492 Muhammad XII of Granada, the last Nasrid ruler of Granada, formally relinquished his sovereignty and surrendered his territories to Castile, eventually moving to Morocco in exile.

Granada's status as a tributary state and its favorable geographic location, with the Sierra Nevada as a natural barrier, helped to prolong Nasrid rule and allowed the Emirate to prosper as a regional entrepôt with the Maghreb and the rest of Africa. The city of Granada was one of the largest cities during this time: it accepted numerous Muslim refugees expelled from Christian controlled areas, doubling the size of the city and even becoming the largest city of Europe in 1450 in terms of population. Granada also served as a refuge for Muslims fleeing during the Reconquista. Regardless of its comparative prosperity, intra-political strife was constant. Skirmishes along the border of Granada occurred frequently and territory was gradually lost to Castile.

Granada was tightly integrated in Mediterranean trade networks and heavily financed by Genoese bankers aiming to gain control of the gold trade carried in through Saharan caravan routes. However, after Portugal opened direct trade routes to Sub-Saharan Africa by sea in the 15th century, Granada became less important as a regional commercial center. With the union of Castile and Aragon in 1469, these kingdoms set their sights on annexing Granada.
CastilloVerde Featured By Owner Mar 4, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Very cool! :) (Smile) I love the fact that you made it a physical map! :) (Smile) The addition of the borders within the Castilian realm is also a nice touch :D (Big Grin)   
SalesWorlds Featured By Owner Mar 4, 2018  Professional Digital Artist
Thank you! In this kind of map I like to represent the topography because I think it has a very important role in the conquests and later division of the territory.
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Submitted on
November 25, 2017
Image Size
1.6 MB


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