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Al Andalus under Umayyad Caliphate 718 - 756 CE by SalesWorlds Al Andalus under Umayyad Caliphate 718 - 756 CE by SalesWorlds
This maps continues the previous historical map of Andalusia: Baetica - Visigothic Kingdom 631 - 711 CE The next is: al Andalus - Emirate of Cordoba 756 - 929 CE

in 711, Tariq Ibn Ziyad led an approximately 1,700-strong raiding force from North Africa to southern Spain. They defeated the Visigothic army, led by King Roderic, in a decisive battle at Guadalete in 712. Tariq's forces were then reinforced by those of his superior, the wali Musa ibn Nusair, and both took control of most of Iberia with an army estimated at approximately 10,000–15,000 combatants.

Roderic was killed and a crushing defeat would have left the Visigoths largely leaderless and disorganized. In this regard, the ruling Visigoth population is estimated at a mere 1 to 2% of the total population, which on one hand led to a reasonably strong and effective instrument of government. However, it was highly centralised to the extent that the defeat of the royal army left the entire land open to the invaders. The resulting power vacuum, which may have indeed caught Tariq completely by surprise, would have aided the Muslim conquest immensely. Indeed, it may have been equally welcome to the Hispano-Roman peasants who were disillusioned by the prominent legal, linguistic and social divide between them and the barbaric and decadent Visigoth royal family.

In 718 the Iberian Peninsula was established as a province under the Umayyad Caliphate. The rulers of this province established their capital in Córdoba and received from the Umayyad Caliphate the title of wali or emir.

In the map I represented the main cities. As you can see, the names change in a more arabic way. In this time period, there were no internal boundaries.

No, I didn't forget the flag. The Umayyad flag was completely white.
matritum Featured By Owner Oct 11, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Good work. You wrote about official history but I have to say it's very uncertain. Some historians question some things, for example, the very fast Muslim conquest. Others say maybe Tariq was Tarico, a visigothic lord. Sincerely, I think official Spanish history about high Middle Ages is partly a fabrication.
SalesWorlds Featured By Owner Oct 11, 2017  Professional Digital Artist
It's true that the information about this period is not very well documented. The Visigothic Kingdom was a mess and many kings were murdered by their opponents, so the Tarico rebellion could be perfectly posible. Anyway, what is true is that someone asked for help to the Ummayad Caliphate the same way was done with the Byzantines two centuries before.
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Submitted on
October 3, 2017
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