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Al Andalus - Caliphate of Cordoba 929 - 1031 CE by SalesWorlds Al Andalus - Caliphate of Cordoba 929 - 1031 CE by SalesWorlds
This maps continues the previous historical map of Andalusia: al Andalus - Emirate of Cordoba 756 - 918 CE The next is First Taifas period Al Andalus

Here is the flag: Flag of the Caliphate of Córdoba

The emirate's rulers used the title "emir" or "sultan" until 929, when Abd-ar-Rahman III faced a threatened invasion by the Fatimids (a rival Islamic empire based in Cairo). Since the invading Fatimids claimed the caliphate in opposition to the generally recognized Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad, Abd-ar-Rahman III claimed the title of caliph himself. Even after repulsing the Fatimids, he kept the more prestigious title. Although his position as caliph was not accepted outside of al-Andalus and its North African affiliates, internally the andalusies Umayyads considered themselves as closer to Muhammad, and thus more legitimate, than the Abbasids.

The caliphate enjoyed increased prosperity during the 10th century. Abd-ar-Rahman III united al-Andalus and brought the Christian kingdoms of the north under control by force and through diplomacy. Abd-ar-Rahman stopped the Fatimid advance into caliphate land in Morocco and al-Andalus. This period of prosperity was marked by increasing diplomatic relations with Berber tribes in North Africa, Christian kings from the north, and with France, Germany and Constantinople

The caliphate had an ethnically, culturally, and religiously diverse society. A minority of ethnic Muslims of Arab descent occupied the priestly and ruling positions, another Muslim minority were primarily soldiers and native Hispano-Gothic converts (who comprised most of the Muslim minority) were found throughout society. Jews comprised about ten percent of the population: little more numerous than the Arabs and about equal in numbers to the Berbers. They were primarily involved in business and intellectual occupations. The indigenous Christian Mozarab majority were Catholic Christians of the Visigothic rite, who spoke a variant of Latin close to Spanish, Portuguese or Catalan with an Arabic influence.

The population in 1000 CE is estimated to be around 7,500,000, out of a total of 9,000,000 on the Iberian Peninsula. It is also estimated that Córdoba, the capital city, held around 450,000 people, making it the largest city in Europe at the time.

The caliphate disintegrated during a civil war between the descendants of the last caliph, Hisham II, and the successors of his hayib (court official), Al-Mansur. In 1031, after years of infighting, the caliphate fractured into a number of independent Muslim taifa (kingdoms).
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:iconmatritum:
matritum Featured By Owner Oct 13, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
There we have the County of Castile!!! (in English, only one l, you wrote two in map) But I think in 1031 there were more Catalan counties in addition to County of Barcelona. According to wikipedia: Conflent, Empúries, Pallars Jussá, Pallars Sobirá, Roussillon and Urgell. I think County of Aragon is missing too...

Anyway, very good work again. Can I ask why you chose to make so many maps about remote history of Iberian Peninsula?
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:iconsalesworlds:
SalesWorlds Featured By Owner Oct 13, 2017  Professional Digital Artist
Ups, misspelling! I'll change it later. Of course, there were more counties, but I only put the name of the most important because in this map the main subject is al-Andalus. In addition, the borders change a bit during this period, and I took the year 1000 for the map. In fact, in 1031 Castile was under Navarre domination, but previously always was a part of León.

Why I chose this? Well, I'm andalusian, and I found that there is a lack of maps and historical information about this region, so I started a series about it. There is many maps about Germany, France, Italy, so I wanted the people who like this stuff to know a bit about this too. In the future, when I finish this series, I will probably take another region and start the same historical series.

Thank you so much for your interest!
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:iconmatritum:
matritum Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Ah, OK. I thought you are Italian, so I guess you're an Andalusian living in Italy... Saludos desde Madrid... XD
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:iconsalesworlds:
SalesWorlds Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2017  Professional Digital Artist
That's right! Lo que tiene la crisis y el no encontrar trabajo en tu tierra XD 
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