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Government map 2013

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The countries of the world by government system en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_…
Forms of Government en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Governme…

Parliamentary Republic
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A system of democratic governance of a state in which the President or Head of State is a purely ceremonial figurehead and the Prime-minister or Head of the Government is the Executive force.
The Parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate Head of State/President.
Examples: Germany, Italy, Turkey, Finland, India, Israel, Somalia

Semi-Presidential Republic
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A system of democratic governance in which a popularly elected fixed term President exists alongside a Prime-minister and Cabinet who are responsible to the legislature of a state. Both President/Head of State and Prime-minister/Head of Government have equal powers.
Examples: France, Romania, Russia, Republic of China, Algeria


Presidential Republic
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A system of democratic governance in which the President is both Head of State and Head of the Government and is elected by the population.
Examples: USA, Mexico, Brazil, Belarus, South Korea, Indonesia.


Mixed Republic
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A system of democratic governance who is either Presidential Republic or Parliamentary Republic in which the President is both Head of State and Head of Government and is elected by and responsible to a Parliament.
Examples: South Africa, Botswana, Nauru, Micronesia.


Directorial Republic
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A system of democratic governance ruled by a college of several people who jointly exercise the powers of a Head of State or a Head of Government and rule all levels of administration, federal, cantonal and municipal.
This system of government is in contrast both with Presidential Republics and Parliamentary Republics.
Example: Switzerland 


Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
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A parliamentary system in which the Monarch is a purely ceremonial figurehead and the Prime-minister is the Head of Government and exercises effective political power.
Examples: UK, Norway, Spain, Japan, Lesotho.


Constitutional Monarchy
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A system of democratic governance in which a Monarch is the Head of State and his powers are limited and guided by the Constitution.
Examples: Morocco, Monaco, Liechtenstein, United Arab Emirates. 

Absolute Monarchy
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A system of governance in which the Monarch is both Head of State and Head of the Government and rules supreme over the country and its people without any restrictions by any law or Constitution.
Absolute Monarchies: Brunei,Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Swaziland.


Theocracy
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A system of governance composed of religious institutions in which the State and the Church are traditionally and/or Constitutionally the same entity. Only citizens who are clergy have the right to govern.
There are only two theocracies in the world left:
1 - Elective Theocracy: Vatican
2 - Theocratic Republic: Islamic Republic of Iran


Single-Party Dictatorial Republic
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A system of governance in which a single political power has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution.
All laws concentrated within the single political party whose operations are largely fused with the government hierarchy.
All other parties are either outlawed or allowed to take only a limited and controlled participation in elections.
Single-Party systems are of two types:

1 - Authoritarian - Rule of a political system controlled by unelected rulers who usually permit some degree of individual freedom.A highly concentrated and centralized power maintained by political repression and the exclusion of potential challengers.
Examples: People's Republic of China, Cuba, Eritrea, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic,Socialist Republic of Vietnam

2 - Totalitarian - An extreme version of authoritarianism where the State recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to controls nearly every aspect of public and private life of its people.
Examples: Democratic People's Republic of Korea


Military Junta
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A system of governance led by a committee of military leaders who control the organs of government and all high-ranking political executives are also members of the military hierarchy.
There are three types:
1 - Parliamentary Republic run by military-appointed Government: Fiji
2 - No constitutionally-defined basis: Egypt, Central African Republic
3 - Single-Party Dictatorial Republic: Democratic People's Republic of Korea because The National Defense Commission of North Korea declared itself the highest authority with ultimate Executive power (including responsibility for the armed forces) resting with its Chairman.
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