The Universe is full of many ideologies. With far too many to count. But many of these ideologies intersect and fall within a greater, all-encompassing blanket. From a reductionist standpoint, all ideologies, no matter which species usually fall under two categories, Universalism and Nationalism. Sometimes these two sides can seem similar to each other, giving a "Horseshoe" effect depending on the ideology's or religion's view of its supposed superiority.
To diminish this horseshoe effect and make the two clearer, the two can differ between the ideas of serving the whole or isolating one's clan. Universalism means to protect and serve all life in order to bring about peace and prosperity. Nationalism is very much the same, but only for bringing prosperity one's clan at the expense of others. But this can never be an absolute definition as radical forms of Universalism can bring about death and destruction to entire galaxies while moderate forms of Nationalism can be completely ha