PE: Art as a key element in Education
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https://www.burtchworks.com/files/2014/11/onlineeducation2.jpg

Introduction

Education is a process that spans a person's entire life, broadcasting a wide range of knowledge, values (which allow us to develop our conscience and sensibility), customs, and ways to act. This is also linked to cultural conscience (education leads us to appreciate the culture of the society in which we live) and to the view that each person has about the world around them. It also has a social approach as it allows people be part of the socialization process. It generally has a humanistic approach that trains students to be good people, to have good values and implement them, which are expressed according to the person's potential. Educated persons can contribute significantly to the world.


Art and Education


Artistic Education is an area that focuses on teaching various art forms (Visual arts, Music, Theater, Dance, Photography, etc.) and also helps develop skills, abilities and habits in such areas. However, the arts do not get a lot of attention in Education and they are not usually included in school curricula. Art education in schools is very minor and children are less involved in the culture of the society in which they live.

https://blogs.mydevstaging.com/blogs/goodyblog/files/2013/04/two-girls-learning-in-a-classroom.jpg

There is a movement called Education through Art by Herbert Read. It goes beyond artistic knowledge, which is also very important in art education, since its purpose is to help us develop our hidden talents. Those talents with which we are born, but are not yet defined, through mediums within the Arts as a form of expression.
"The purpose of art in education, should be identical to the purpose of education itself" 
- Herbert Read

Art allows us to exploit our creativity and imagination, and express our feelings and emotions. Through an artistic work, we can convey a message of utmost importance to others. Art is a great promoter of moral education as it provides us with the necessary tools for our comprehensive training. It allows us to know other communities and allows us to explore and understand a variety of cultures. I also think it is a very important means of knowing ourselves because in the arts, for example, we like to capture something that identifies us. Through them, we can say something we that we cannot say with words but that is perfectly explained through an artistic design.

The Potential that Can Develop Through Art


https://www.delraybeachclub.com/images/dynamic/getImage.gif?ID=3266208

  • Creative Thinking: Creativity is defined as the power to create. Creative thinking is the ability of the person to generate new ideas, original forms of action. Creativity is one of the most important aspects in the arts, because the job of an artist is to create. The artist is a creative being and he will always find a way to creatively express through his works, of the artistic expression that he dominates.

  • Critical Thinking: Critique is our way of expressing ourselves about a situation, it is our opinion or judgment about something, either in a positive or negative way (it is the thought of many that criticism is negative; however, there are positive or constructive critiques). Therefore Critical Thinking refers to the ability of human beings to act, to think, to argue and to generate their own conclusions. Critical Thinking is present largely in art, because sometimes we are asked to reflect on the meaning of a specific work of an artist and we must use that ability to show our own conception from this work. Every artist, regardless of their artistic area, should develop their critical thinking allowing you to appreciate the various expressions of art, know them and to give an opinion on them.
https://www.gothamgazette.com/images/graphics/2009/07/arted.jpg

  • Troubleshooting: A person who has developed this ability can always find alternatives, answers or solutions to the various situations that are presented, many of them are conflicts. 
  • Decision Making: Every person and every artist must develop that ability that lets you choose among several alternatives, it considers the most appropriate, according to the risks and implications of each option. Sometimes it's easy to make a decision but other times it is not. To choose is important. To make use of our ability to analyze, to study each option or alternative we have, and determine which is best. One that will benefit us and poses no risk to people with whom we work (if the person is in a group and is a leader, they must make a decision) or for ourselves.  

And How are these related leadership and the arts? The different potentials mentioned above are also present in leadership. There are many types of leaders, but one in particular can describe to the artist and what it does in society: The Transformation Leader. You can consider an artist to be this way, as they can generate a Social and Cultural transformation in the Society where they live when working on alternatives and solutions (through community projects) for current problems, approached from their artistic perspective.

https://www.zomoz360.com/uploads/fotonoticia/filename/Liderazgo_Transformacional.jpg

An artist and a leader uses his ethics, his ability to deal with people, the potentialities described above, and their willingness, to create a common space with people where members of the Society are motivated to participate in the process of social and cultural change, enjoying all that the artist offers.  


Creativity


Today there are very few people who develop creative talent, possibly due to the lack of importance given to the arts in schools. It is typical that in pre-school and primary school, children do all kinds of crafts, which of course helps them tp develop motor skills and allows them to learn about the various, essential elements (lines, shapes, colors, etc.) and develop some degree of sensitivity to the arts. However, as children grow, all these activities disappear to make way for theory, leaving aside the practical. Therefore, the creative capacity of the child is diminished and when it is not reinforced, the teenager is then unable to use that capability in its entirety.

https://laschoolreport.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/artclass.jpg


Therefore it is important that school curriculum recognizes the importance of the arts, because art is essential in the process of developing people from childhood to adulthood. In fact, there is a thesis by Plato, mentioned by Herbert Read (Author of the book "Education through Art), which reads: Art should be the basis of education.

Teachers need apply the arts to the training of their students, to teach them several important things to keep in mind as both an artist and a person:

  • Cultural appreciation
  • Ethics
  • Creative Talent
  • Approach to the Fine Arts
  • Expressive Capacity
  • Perception

Creativity has several characteristics:

  • Fluency
  • Flexibility
  • Originality
  • Elaboration

The stages of the creative process are: 

  • Intelligence
  • Knowledge
  • Styles of Thinking
  • Personality
  • Motivation
  • Environmental medium Context
https://www.slate.com/content/dam/slate/articles/double_x/doublex/2013/01/130115_DX_PreschoolKids.jpg.CROP.rectangle3-large.jpg

In Closing


From a very young age, children desire to learn about the world through their senses and there comes a stage of interpretative and imitative knowledge. As they grow, they are looking for ways to express themselves and communicate with others. They do this by using elements of artistic form, projecting experiences to express their social, family, and school relationships. Children begin to use their own symbols as a means to interpret the world according to them. They use their imagination and creativity to generate fantasies transformed into artistic elements as a symbolic demonstration of the knowledge they acquire, showing their development in the creative process.

https://www.jenningswire.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/bigstock-Music-Band-Of-Four-Little-Kids-15116387.jpg

Some teachers do not feel interest in promoting their skills, and won't help them develop their hidden potential, as they focus more on the theoretical and not in the practical. This causes children to develop more withdrawn and less expressive language. Not able to express themselves freely, they may become shy and lose their creativity. They may become people who makes schemes, which have no proposals or initiatives, losing their enthusiasm to study. That is why today there is much disinterest in the know and that is a serious problem in education. Children do not have the opportunity to give their own views about their learning and therefore cannot build their own knowledge. It is said that while the political and economic problems of a society may be resolved, the social, cultural and educational problems will not be solved as they need to be treated differently during the educational process.

I recommend reading Herbert Read's works related to education, especially Education through Art, as well as any other material about Art and Education that you can find. Allow yourself to see education from a different perspective and be aware of the critical situation of education today. Nod

I hope you liked this article =D (Big Grin)

============================

Sources:




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Tudalia's avatar
TudaliaStudent Traditional Artist
Lovely article! Sounds more of a life consultation for my parents!!I'm not a bit supported in art cauz my society thinks its a profession without security of finances ...and they prefer jobs of a doctor o an engineer!Come on humans!!!!!!There's a world beyond these professions tooo!!!!!!!


well thanx a lot for putting this up!!!!:heart:
Pascua-Tanya's avatar
Pascua-TanyaHobbyist Digital Artist
Thank you!! =D

True, there are many people who think that and prefer to pursue that which gives more money, according to their perception. Today many parents want their children to be lawyers, doctors or engineers because that is the current stereotype of successful people. Luckily my parents not think of that way, they are aware of my artistic talent and allowed me to study at a university of arts, knowing that I like the art.

The artists are also successful people in their own way and the art gives to world many important things =D.
Tudalia's avatar
TudaliaStudent Traditional Artist
Agreed....mew.....
Batsceba's avatar
Batsceba Photographer
:iconthumbsup-plz:

(Children do not give up their innate imagination, curiosity, dreaminess easily. You have to love them to get them to do that. Ronald David Laing)


Pascua-Tanya's avatar
Pascua-TanyaHobbyist Digital Artist
Thank you very much :)

True, children do not give up their creativity and imagination, especially if you allow them to continue exploiting those capabilities :).
Neron-Simpson's avatar
Stupendous article. I always wondered why, at a certain grade level, why we stopped taking art classes. To my surprise, next year in my high school, art will be a mandatory class. I was happy, after all. I mean, after taking away something I liked to do so much, it was a miracle that it wasn't ignored like some other subjects. The one thing that bothered me about the news was the way my classmates reacted to it:

"I can't draw good."
"This is gonna be an easy class."

To me, art means much more than putting pencil to paper and whipping up a Mona Lisa. It's much more than an easy A (which isn't true at all). It's about one's ability to express oneself. It's about vision, and how we choose to share our vision with the world. Because if we didn't have visionaries, then deviantART would be nothing more than a scrapped idea.
Pascua-Tanya's avatar
Pascua-TanyaHobbyist Digital Artist
Thank You =D

In my school, I had a art class until the second year. It was, above all, of the History of Traditional Arts. In some schools it is not given enough importance to art and that's why people think it is an easy option or you will not get enough money with him. For us there are more important things than money :).

People also think that art is make crafts as clay figures (or other molding material), drawing in paper, cut out colored paper and pictures from magazines to make collages, things we did as children. And that's only part of what is art, it goes beyond the traditional arts. Also involves other art forms such as music, dance, theater, audiovisual media (as the Photography), etc. A wide range of artistic fields, where the artist unfolds differently than others, according to their world view, as you said.

I've noticed these things because I am studying at a university dedicated to the arts :). I have had the opportunity to attend to classes of the that I did not know his existence, proving that art is much more complex than it appears.
hosagu's avatar
hosaguHobbyist Photographer
Wonderful article... :la:

Education and Art. Art through Education, and vice-versa :)

I know some institutes, but which are rare, which give the possibility to fragile people (like the ones who would be treated in asylums) who propose an art environment and expression to the people who suffer from mind disease. Trying to avoid pills, and giving them pencils instead...
Just to say that Art can also be a therapy... :heart:
Pascua-Tanya's avatar
Pascua-TanyaHobbyist Digital Artist
Thank you =D.

You want say Art Therapy :). I have read a bit about it and you're right, art is excellent as therapy. You can also greatly help children to improve their capacity of expression and communication (if they are too shy), overcome the difficulties that they have and use art in a creative and fun way. In Art Therapy to often involves working with traditional art and there is an alternative called "musical therapy". I know not much about her, I found it while researching for an exhibition at the university.

Thank you for mentioning it.
hosagu's avatar
hosaguHobbyist Photographer
:heart: 
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