Hypatia, born c. 350 or 370; died 415 was the mathematician, astronomer and philosopher and the only daughter of the mathematician Theon of Alexandria (c. 335–c. 405). She was educated in Athens. Around 400, she became head of the Neoplatonist School in Alexandria, where she imparted the knowledge of Plato and Aristotle to students, including pagans, Christians, and foreigners.
Hypatia contributed in many ways to math, with one of her contributions being that she edited the work on The Conics of Apollonius. This was the concept that developed ideas of parabolas, hyperbolas and ellipses. With her contribution in this book, Hypatia made the concepts easier for people to understand, thus enabling the work survive through many centuries.
Although contemporary fifth-century sources identify Hypatia of Alexandria as a practitioner and teacher of the philosophy of Plato and Plotinus, two hundred years later, the seventh-century Egyptian Coptic bishop John of Nikiû identified her as a Hellenistic pagan and that "she was devoted at all times to magic, astrolabes and instruments of music, and she beguiled many people through her Satanic wiles". However, not all Christians were as hostile towards her: some Christians even used Hypatia as symbolic of Virtue. The contemporary Christian historian Socrates of Constantinople described her in his Ecclesiastical History:
"There was a woman at Alexandria named Hypatia, daughter of the philosopher Theon, who made such attainments in literature and science, as to far surpass all the philosophers of her own time. Having succeeded to the school of Plato and Plotinus, she explained the principles of philosophy to her auditors, many of whom came from a distance to receive her instructions. On account of the self-possession and ease of manner which she had acquired in consequence of the cultivation of her mind, she not infrequently appeared in public in the presence of the magistrates. Neither did she feel abashed in going to an assembly of men. For all men on account of her extraordinary dignity and virtue admired her the more."
Hypatia corresponded with former pupil Synesius, who was tutored by her in the philosophical school of Platonism and later became bishop of Ptolemais (now in eastern Libya) in 410, an exponent of Trinitarianism. Together with the references by the pagan philosopher Damascius, these are the extant records left by Hypatia's pupils at the Platonist school of Alexandria.
Alexandria had long been the city where Christians, Jews, pagans and any other treated equally. This men at the time was the city became increasingly Christian. That put Hypatia in the very dangerous position, because she was well pagan, and advocated science and rational thinking. She refused to convert to Christianity.
Hypatia got a terrible and brutal death. One day in March 415 Nutrient Hypatia was going home, she was attacked by a mob of fanatical Christians, as stripped her naked and dragged her to the church Caesarium, where she were skinned, dismembered and burnt up. Some have described it as Hypatia were the first martyr of Christian brutality. Her brutal death marks the end of classical antiquity. It also marked the beginning of the Christianity conquest and its supremacy and intolenrace of other religions & cultures. Most of everything Hypatia wrote has been destroyed, but thanks to some extant letters, and that other writers in the time referred to her various works, the realization of her importance survived.
Tools: Promarker, shinhan marker, graph marker, copic, micron
Sources and references: faithljustice.wordpress.com/20…math.coe.uga.edu/tme/issues/v0…en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypatiawww.reference.com/math/did-hyp…www.math.wichita.edu/history/w…www.patheos.com/blogs/davearms…wp.production.patheos.com/blog…www.kvinnofronten.nu/Formodrar…www.suppressedhistories.net/se…www.perankhgroup.com/hypatia.h…en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Library_…