Bread and CircusEvery revolution that was pushed through in the wake of its inspiring ideology was a passing convulsion of intense change and commotion: spectacular turbulence, but not a final alteration. No culture has ever succeeded in permanently founding its utopia. Past generations have witnessed the spectacle of existence and of the struggle for their ideals; these days we are mostly witnesses to the spectacle of spectacle in its pure hollow form.
"How do our pretendedly rational and programmed societies function? What puts the populations in motion, what motivates them? The progress of science, "objective" information, the increase in collective happiness, insight into the facts and causes, the punishment of those truly guilty or the quality of life? Absolutely not: no one is interested in that. What fascinates everyone is the debauchery of appearances, that reality is always and everywhere debauched by appearances. That is an interesting game, and it's played out in the media, in fashio