We all use words like evil, bad and wrong, but do we honestly understand the meaning behind those words?
Before we can judge or determine the nature of a being, act, problem, or occurrence with those words, we must understand our beliefs of them.
It’s easy to assume that for example a habit from another culture is wrong, if the values you've accepted differ from it. In some societies capital punishment is an acceptable form of action against criminals, when in some it is strictly labeled as wrong. Our morals differ from each other depending on the society and culture we are born in. From the viewpoint of moral relativism all those moralities are as good, and we should not judge others by our own. However that creates problems like, should genocides be accepted if it is considered right in some culture, and can someone be sentenced to death if they consider the punishment morally wrong?
This leads to the question what is bad, and should despite subjective moralities be considered wrong. Bad can mean a physical quality of a substance, but in this case I mean bad as the nature of an act/occurrence.
Something can be considered bad when it causes unnecessary suffering and displeasure. However, something can be bad with good intentions. Therefore, bad act/occurrence that has a motive should be judged by its effects, it either creates more positive effects, or negative ones. If it has more negative effects it should be considered wrong. A bad act/problem without a motive, such as natural disaster can’t be considered wrong, nor right, but simply bad.
Bad as nature of an act/occurrence differs from evil. Objective way to understand the concept of evil is to determine its most basic nature. Evil is something that acts against the consciousness’s own moral good, and has a motive to cause unnecessary suffering and/or displeasure. A being can be considered and judged as evil if they deliberately act against their own moral comprehension of good, and the social norms /law, and their motive is to cause unnecessary suffering and/or displeasure, not to gain anything from it. If the being gets pleasure or joy from causing that, it isn’t truly evil, but rather selfish. The form of sadistic selfishness is a quality of one’s psyche, which is considered bad if it causes more harm than good. Nature of the quality can also be determined by psychological means.
Morally/Subjectively wrong means something what -we believe-is not acceptable, appropriate or morally good. An act/occurrence is bad if it causes unnecessary suffering and/or displeasure. Something is evil when it is aware of its actions, and deliberately act against its moral comprehension of good, willing to break social norms/law to achieve its motive which is to cause unnecessary suffering and/or displeasure- while not gaining anything from it.
Something can be (subjectively, or morally) wrong, but not bad. And something can be bad but not wrong. Evil is always both bad and wrong.