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Ottoman Empire, federalised

By moerby08
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Without a detailed timeline, this map depicts a federalised version of the Ottoman Empire. 

Facing internal and external forces threatening the very existence of his Empire, Sultan Mehmet V is forced to embark on a set of reforms granting more autonomy to the many nationalities of the country, effectively transforming it into a federal state composed of three autonomous entities:

1) Muslim and Turkish-majority Turkey with its capital in Constantinople,
2) Muslim and Arabic-majority Arabia with its capital in Damascus,
3) religiously (Muslim, Christian, Jewish) and ethnically (Turks, Greeks, Slavs, Albanians, Jews) mixed Rumelia with its capital in Salonica. 

Building upon the Empire's pre-existing Millet System that granted non-territorial autonomy to the Empire's many confessional communities and allowed them to rule themselves under their own religious laws (Muslims by the Shari'a, Christians by their respective Canon Laws, Jews by the Halakha), the reforms foresaw the creation of autonomous territorial entities (mutasarrifiates) based on ethnicity. 

The reforms aimed to encourage Ottomanism among the secessionist subject nations and stop the rise of nationalist movements within the Ottoman Empire by trying to integrate non-Muslims and non-Turks more thoroughly into the Ottoman society under the unifying banner of the House of Osman. 

Through the creation of the three federal states, the Meħmed V's person united the secular functions of the Sultan-i Türkiyé (Sultan of Turkey), Sultan ul-Ǎrab (Sultan of the Arabs), and Qayser-i Rûm (Emperor of the Romans) besides his religious titles as Amir ul-Mu'minîn (Commander of the Faithful), Khalîf ul-Islâm (the Caliph of Islam) and Xâdim ul-Ħaramayn iş-Şarîfayn (Custodian of the Two Holy Sanctuaries of Mecca and Medina).

Constantinople remained imperial capital serving as the seat of both the Imperial Assembly (Meclis-i Hümayûn) and the devolved Turkish Assembly (Meclis-i Türkî). Damascus and Salonica came to house the Arab Assembly (Meclis ul-Ǎrab) and the Rumelian Assembly (Meclis-i Rûm), respectively. 


The Reforms, later referred to as Islaħât-i Ittiħâd, the Federalist Reforms, granted equal administrative status to Ottoman Turkish, Arabic and Greek, as well as regional recognition to a number of subject languages including Armenian, Albanian, Hebrew, Ladino or Bulgarian. In the case of Turkish and Arabic, language commissions were set up with the goal of Romanising these two languages and preparing the transition from the Arabic to the Latin script.
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© 2020 - 2021 moerby08
Comments10
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sovietkiller2019's avatar
I LOVE this 

What did you use to make it?
moerby08's avatar
Thanks! I used simple Photoshop
Epistellar's avatar
The map would be more understandable if it included the surrounding land, even if it was super greyed out. 
moerby08's avatar
That was the initial version, however the complex outlines of Greece and her islands made the map look very chaotic 
matritum's avatar
Awesome work!
Aleksandr-2's avatar
zalezsky's avatar
beautiful !!!
moerby08's avatar
Much appreciated! 
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