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Hashemite Arabia



Again a map in a style borrowed from the The Economist. After the Arab Revolt during the Great War, Hussein ibn Ali al-Hashimi (Ħussein ibn Âlī el-Hāchemī), the Shariff of Mecca and Emir of the Hejaz (Ħejāz) seized power from the Ottomans and allied his kingdom with the British. By the end of the war, his troops liberate most of the Arab lands under Ottoman rule. Although the victorious British and French oppose the establishment of a unified Arab kingdom under Hashemite rule, they allow the establishment of two Arab monarchies – the Kingdom of Syria (el-Mamlaka es-Sourīya) and the Kingdom of Mesopotamia (el-Mamlaka el-Îrāqiya) – under Hashemite rule. Hussein, as ruler of the Kingdom of Hejaz (Mamlaket el-Ħejāz) installs his sons, Faisal (Faiçal ibn Ħussein) and Abdallah (Âbdallah ibn Ħussein) as kings of Syria and of Mesopotamia, respectively. The British and French agree to allow the three Hashemite Arab kingdoms to form 'an ever closer union' upon the death of King Hussein. Although some the forming union is not including all the Arab lands – Yemen, the Najd remains under the rule of an obscure Wahhabi dynasty, the Sâouds, while the British rule over Egypt and the south-eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, the Hashemite kingdoms entered an era of modernisation and prosperity. A good marker of this is the efforts to romanise the Arabic language (an alphabet used on this map), that became a co-offical script next to the traditional Arabic alphabet. 

The cost of this tacit Allied agreement to allow the gradual establishment of a unified Arab kingdom over the heartland of the Middle East was the transfer of direct control of the Holy Land to them. France took control of the mostly Christian-populated Mount Lebanon making it part of metropolitan France as the département du Mont Liban ruled directly from Paris. Contrary to the initial plans of the Lebanese Maronite elites to create a 'Grand Liban' through the inclusion of Muslim populated territories including the area of Tripoli in the north or that of Tyre in the south, the French decide for a Christian-majority territory of the original Mount Lebanon including the area around the village of Maaloula, where Aramaic is still spoken.   

The British install themselves in Palestine, with borders including the area of Tyre in the north but excluding the el-Naqab (or Negev) desert. However, due to international pressure, the Jerusalem area, including Bethlehem as well as a corridor to Jaffa, come under international rule as a 'Corpus Separatum'. The decision seeks to appease the Arabs who had been opposing the incorporation of Jerusalem into the British Empire by all means. Nevertheless, British Palestine remains to be open to Jewish immigration, however through strict quotas in order to maintain sectarian balance. 

In Anatolia, the bitter defeat of the Ottoman Empire on all fronts led to the emergence of a number of new nations - Armenia, Kurdistan and Greek Pontos -, the establishment of an International Zone around Constantinople and the Straits as well as the annexation of Thrace in Europe and Ionia in Asia Minor by Greece. Turkey, reduced to the Anatolian Highlands is kept in check by a Christian-Kurdish alliance formed by Greece, the Pontos, Armenia, and Kurdistan. As a result of Greco-Turkish and Armeno-Turkish population transfers Turkey became an ethnically and religiously homogenous, inward-looking caliphate ruled from the conservative capital of Konya.  
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truva9870's avatar

eh looks like some ww1 era british or american high ranking politician's wet dream