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melvynyeo's avatar

Mushroom anyone?

Found a cute harvestman eating a mushroom.... how healthy! :) Taken in Singapore forest at night.

Many species are omnivorous, eating primarily small insects and all kinds of plant material and fungi; some are scavengers, feeding upon dead organisms, bird dung and other fecal material. This broad range is quite unusual in arachnids, which are usually pure predators. Most hunting harvestmen ambush their prey, although active hunting is also found. Because their eyes cannot form images, they use their second pair of legs as antennae to explore their environment. Unlike most other arachnids, harvestmen do not have a sucking stomach or a filtering mechanism. Rather, they ingest small particles of their food, thus making them vulnerable to internal parasites such as gregarines.

Although parthenogenetic species do occur, most harvestmen reproduce sexually. Mating involves direct copulation, rather than the deposition of a spermatophore. The males of some species offer a secretion from their chelicerae to the female before copulation. Sometimes the male guards the female after copulation and, in many species, the males defend territories. The females lay eggs shortly after mating or anytime up to several months later. Some species build nests for this purpose. A unique feature of harvestmen is that in some species the male is solely responsible for guarding the eggs resulting from multiple partners, often against egg-eating females, and subjecting the eggs to regular cleaning. Depending on circumstances such as temperature, the eggs may hatch at any time after the first 20 days, up to about half a year after being laid. Harvestmen pass through four to eight nymphal instars to reach maturity. Most known species have six instars.[2]

Most species are nocturnal and colored in hues of brown, although there are a number of diurnal species, some of which have vivid patterns in yellow, green and black with varied reddish and blackish mottling and reticulation.

To deal with predators such as birds, mammals, amphibians and spiders, some species glue debris onto their body, while many play dead when disturbed. Many species practice autotomy; they detach their legs, which keep on moving, to confuse predators. Especially long-legged species vibrate their body ("bobbing"), probably also to confuse predators. This is similar to the behavior of the similar looking but unrelated cellar spider, which vibrates wildly in its web when touched. Scent glands emit substances that can deter larger predators, but are also effective against ants.
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The text is amazing , the part about detaching legs ?!?
Fox3n's avatar
Oh this is cool! Ive got a couple of these in my basement.. they fight with black widows all the time. Its pretty awesome!
Fox3n's avatar
Yea, its pretty hardcore... and then the basement scorpions join in.. smoking little cigars and carrying around wads of cash and little razers because they are gangster thug scorpions hew hew hew
Sherio88's avatar
This is one of my favorite organisms.
melvynyeo's avatar
creecreehoneybees's avatar
Gosh!  You take the BEST bug photos!  Heart 
melvynyeo's avatar
melvynyeo's avatar
Ragerancher's avatar
I can't look at that without thinking "does its brain fit between its eyes?"
Mondanian101's avatar

Amazing shot. And yes, I would love a mushroom. *Takes mushroom* *Harvestman plays dead* "Oh god. I'm so sorry, here's your mushroom back!" :D

Anyway... Great shot! The little thing is quite the adorable little guy. Clap 

melvynyeo's avatar
Mondanian101's avatar
herofan135's avatar
Really cool shot, I didn't know these guys ate fungi. :O
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