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Name: Łoresla

A Priori or Posteriori?: A priori
Isolate or in a Family?: Main dialect of the Łoresan family
Inherited Language Features: Head-marking in the verb, somewhat dependent-marking in the noun. Also, minimal case marking.

How Many Numbers?: 2-3
Which Numbers?: Singular, plural, and in some dialects, dual.

Native Script: Flishiγ
Romanised?: Yes, but not in-universe.
Script "Depth": Somewhat shallow

Predominant Affix Type: Predominantly prefixing
Variable or Absolute Suffixes?: Mostly variable affixes

Morphosyntactic Alignment: Nouns are unmarked for A, S, and O.  
Primary Word Order: Virtually, if not completely free
Alternate Word Order: VSO
Head Position: Head initial
Language Type: Synthetic
Secondary Type: Agglutinating

Different Registers?: yes
Amount of Registers: 2
Types of Registers: Literary, colloquial
How Are They Formed: Differences in vocabulary and pragmatics, as well as honorifics

Declined?: Yes.
Conjugated? Yes.

Amount of Phonemes: TBD
How Many in Each Class?: -
Basic Syllable Structure: Primarily CV. But the language also features complex onsets and syllabic resonants m, n, and r
Significant Sound Changes?: TBD
Which (if any)?: -
Minor Sound Changes: -
Which (if any)?: -

Tonality?: No
Phonemic Stress?: Yes
Amounts of Stress: Primary, secondary
Stress Position: Primarily word-initial. Some affixes are fortis, shifting stress. Others, such as definite articles, are lenis, making the stress stem-initial.

Affixes or (P)articles?: Mostly affixes, but there are also particles.
Where?: Suffixes are common, but far less so than prefixes. Particles often precede the word they modify, but many of them are postpositive.
Cases?: Yes.
Amount of Cases: 2-5, depending on how you count
What Are They? Genitive, Dative, Vocative (uncommon), Locative (not a single case, but many productive derivational affixes), Instrumental

Verb Categories: Aspect, mood, and marginally, tense (The language is aspect-driven, so it has no past or present tense, but it does have a fairly robust future tense)
Amount for Each Category: TBD, but current inventory is 3 aspects, 5ish moods (2 of which are dubious, and 1 of which is dialect-specific), and 1 tense
How Are They Formed?: Much ablaut, some circumfixation, and some infixation.

Pronouns?: Yes
How many Persons?: 4
Genders?: It's complicated. There are three primary genders, and seven subgenders.
How many Numbers: 2-3, depending on dialect
Clusitivity?: Yes
What Levels?: 1st and "2nd person" inclusive and exclusive. 2nd person exclusive is actually an abstract or expository "you" that doesn't include the addressee.
Proximate/Obivate Distinction?: Yes.
Base Case for Most Pronoun Forms: Unmarked

Adjectives Agree with Nouns?: Yes.
Where, if at all?: Case and number.

Honorifics?: Yes.
Dependant on: Primary honorifics depend on race (dragon, human, elf). Secondary honorifics are generally used only within dragons, and they depend on species (the dragons have several). Tertiary honorifics depend on class.
Included How?: Honorifics are attested mostly as separate pronouns. Dragons have a syrinx rather than a larynx, so when they pronounce the honorific pronouns, they usually produce a specific interval (eg. a perfect fifth for a superior, a major third for somebody closer, and sometimes a major second for a lover). This also holds true for verbs that have these pronouns as arguments.

Evidentials?: Yes.
What type?: Firsthand, Secondhand, Hearsay, Irrealis

Compounds and Derivations Frequency: Fairly frequent
Methods of Compounding: Noun-noun compounds, and noun incorporation (types 1 and 2)
Methods of Derivation: Affixes and infixes

Purpose of Conlang: Artlang
Theme: A dragon and elvish language with Native American phonological and grammatical features. Thus far, my biggest grammatical influence is Hebrew, but the aspect system is much more complex, there are more moods, and the gender and agreement system is different.
Interesting Features?: Noun incorporation. It's freaking awesome. Also, a robust gender/noun class system and numeral classifiers used for one class.
Problems?: Native American languages tend to be fiendishly difficult. And I don't have the time to read all the papers and grammars that I need to in order to fully understand what I'm trying to do.
This is the second time I've rebooted this language. And this time, it's actually shaping up to be doable, since I didn't set unrealistic design goals, and since I know more about how some of these features work.
mcmisher Featured By Owner Feb 20, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
When I first began conlanging, I did exactly what you did: set unrealistic goals and have no idea what I was doing. However, in this past year I have learned a lot about linguistics, and to be realistic with my goals and ideas. I also learned the value of being committed to the task at hand and to be patient. You can't rush art.
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Submitted on
February 19, 2014
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