Conlang Outline - Chil

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By mbrsart   |   Watch
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Published: April 4, 2014
Name: Чil (also spelled Chil)

A Priori or Posteriori?: Both. I've borrowed a lot of elements from other languages, including ancient Greek and Hebrew, Dothraki (marginally), and English, as well as a priori elements.
Isolate or in a Family?: Isolate
Inherited Language Features: Some vocabulary and grammar, and a lot of morphology comes from Greek and Hebrew.

How Many Numbers?: 3
Which Numbers?: Singular, dual, and plural (mirroring the Hebrew system).

Native Script: Planned, but nothing fleshed out.
Romanised?: Yes.
Script "Depth": Almost completely phonemic.

Predominant Affix Type: Haven't gotten that far, but it'll probably be predominantly suffixing.
Variable or Absolute Suffixes?: Affixes are large absolute, but some of them can change.

Morphosyntactic Alignment: Fluid-S
Primary Word Order: Defaults to SVO
Alternate Word Order: Word order is largely free
Head Position: Verb phrases tend toward head-final, while noun phrases tend toward head-initial.
Language Type: Isolating
Secondary Type: Synthetic

Different Registers?: Not really, since it's a PAL.

Declined?: Yes.
Conjugated? Yes.

Amount of Phonemes: Around 39
How Many in Each Class?: 32 consonants, 7-8 vowels
Basic Syllable Structure: CV, but complex onsets are possible, as well as syllabic resonants.

Tonality?: No.
Phonemic Stress?: Yes
Amounts of Stress: Primary, Secondary
Stress Position: Variable

Affixes or (P)articles?: Primarily affixes, but particles as well.
Cases?: Yes.
Amount of Cases:
What Are They? Agentive, Patientive, Genitive, Dative, Instrumental, Ablative, Allative, Locative

Verb Categories: Basically a copy of ancient Greek, with a few additions.
Amount for Each Category: 6ish tenses,
Tenses: Future, Present, Aorist, Imperfect, Perfect, Pluperfect/Anterior Past
How Are They Formed?: Different conjugation patterns, except the Future uses an auxiliary verb like English.
Aspects: Imperfective, Perfective, Habitual, Erstwhile, (Gnomic)
How Are They Formed?: Aside from the Habitual, they are encoded either lexically or with tense marking. The Habitual aspect uses reduplication, and the Erstwhile aspect, which describes habitual action that no longer occurs, is marked by the Habitual with a specific adverb. The seldom used Gnomic aspect is marked with a specific adverb.
Moods: Indicative, Infinitive, Imperative,

Pronouns?: Yes.
How many Persons?: 4
Genders?: Masculine, Feminine
How many Numbers: On pronouns, only Singular and Plural.
Clusitivity?: No.
Proximate/Obivate Distinction?: Yes.
Base Case for Most Pronoun Forms: Agentive

Adjectives Agree with Nouns?: Yes.
Where, if at all?: Only in number.

Honorifics?: No.

Evidentials?: Yes.
How many?: 3
Which ones?: Firsthand, Secondhand, Reportative/Hearsay
How are they formed?: Particles

Compounds and Derivations Frequency: Moderate
Methods of Compounding: Noun/noun compounds, limited noun incorporation
Methods of Derivation: Derivational affixes

Purpose of Conlang: Personal Auxlang for journaling. My current methods are code switching and journaling in Spanish, and those aren't secure enough.
Theme: It's a "Frankenlang" incorporating a ton of grammar and a lot of vocab from languages I already know, which aids in ease of learning.
Interesting Features?: Noun incorporation, evidentiality, and obviation are probably the most exotic features, aside from nonconfigurationality.
Problems?: The pronouns are a ruddy mess, and the present active indicative is a bit cluttered. Also, because it steals vocab from different languages, it may be hard to pick the right word. I may just resort to a lot of suppletion (e.g. having the future of "ra'a" be "opsomai").
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Comments (8)
EmperorZelos's avatar
4 persons? You got the speaker, the listener, everything else....where does a fourth category come in?
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mbrsart's avatar
mbrsart|Hobbyist Writer
4th person is just a 3rd person obviate.
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EmperorZelos's avatar
shouldn't it be called 3rd person obviate then?
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mbrsart's avatar
mbrsart|Hobbyist Writer
That's too much to write in a gloss. :shrug:
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Ghoti657's avatar
Ghoti657|Student Digital Artist
Hmmm interesting. You used a cyrillic letter, and then... latin letters
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mbrsart's avatar
mbrsart|Hobbyist Writer
It's got Latin, Greek, and Cyrillic all thrown together. I was originally going to use mkhedruli exclusively, but it didn't fit my sound system, so I said, "Yay, I don't have to learn a new script!"
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Ghoti657's avatar
Ghoti657|Student Digital Artist
Hmmm maybe you could have used Kartvelian script. It is hard to write though ;p
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mbrsart's avatar
mbrsart|Hobbyist Writer
It's very pretty, but I've found it tough to read. Then again, that's what I thought about Greek a year and a half ago, and what I thought about Hebrew when I started it back in October.
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