Name: Чil (also spelled Chil)
A Priori or Posteriori?: Both. I've borrowed a lot of elements from other languages, including ancient Greek and Hebrew, Dothraki (marginally), and English, as well as a priori elements.
Isolate or in a Family?: Isolate
Inherited Language Features: Some vocabulary and grammar, and a lot of morphology comes from Greek and Hebrew.
How Many Numbers?: 3
Which Numbers?: Singular, dual, and plural (mirroring the Hebrew system).
Native Script: Planned, but nothing fleshed out.
Script "Depth": Almost completely phonemic.
Predominant Affix Type: Haven't gotten that far, but it'll probably be predominantly suffixing.
Variable or Absolute Suffixes?: Affixes are large absolute, but some of them can change.
Morphosyntactic Alignment: Fluid-S
Primary Word Order: Defaults to SVO
Alternate Word Order: Word order is largely free
Head Position: Verb phrases tend toward head-final, while noun phrases tend toward head-initial.
Language Type: Isolating
Secondary Type: Synthetic
Different Registers?: Not really, since it's a PAL.
Amount of Phonemes: Around 39
How Many in Each Class?: 32 consonants, 7-8 vowels
Basic Syllable Structure: CV, but complex onsets are possible, as well as syllabic resonants.
Phonemic Stress?: Yes
Amounts of Stress: Primary, Secondary
Stress Position: Variable
Affixes or (P)articles?: Primarily affixes, but particles as well.
Amount of Cases:
What Are They? Agentive, Patientive, Genitive, Dative, Instrumental, Ablative, Allative, Locative
Verb Categories: Basically a copy of ancient Greek, with a few additions.
Amount for Each Category: 6ish tenses,
Tenses: Future, Present, Aorist, Imperfect, Perfect, Pluperfect/Anterior Past
How Are They Formed?: Different conjugation patterns, except the Future uses an auxiliary verb like English.
Aspects: Imperfective, Perfective, Habitual, Erstwhile, (Gnomic)
How Are They Formed?: Aside from the Habitual, they are encoded either lexically or with tense marking. The Habitual aspect uses reduplication, and the Erstwhile aspect, which describes habitual action that no longer occurs, is marked by the Habitual with a specific adverb. The seldom used Gnomic aspect is marked with a specific adverb.
Moods: Indicative, Infinitive, Imperative,
How many Persons?: 4
Genders?: Masculine, Feminine
How many Numbers: On pronouns, only Singular and Plural.
Proximate/Obivate Distinction?: Yes.
Base Case for Most Pronoun Forms: Agentive
Adjectives Agree with Nouns?: Yes.
Where, if at all?: Only in number.
How many?: 3
Which ones?: Firsthand, Secondhand, Reportative/Hearsay
How are they formed?: Particles
Compounds and Derivations Frequency: Moderate
Methods of Compounding: Noun/noun compounds, limited noun incorporation
Methods of Derivation: Derivational affixes
Purpose of Conlang: Personal Auxlang for journaling. My current methods are code switching and journaling in Spanish, and those aren't secure enough.
Theme: It's a "Frankenlang" incorporating a ton of grammar and a lot of vocab from languages I already know, which aids in ease of learning.
Interesting Features?: Noun incorporation, evidentiality, and obviation are probably the most exotic features, aside from nonconfigurationality.
Problems?: The pronouns are a ruddy mess, and the present active indicative is a bit cluttered. Also, because it steals vocab from different languages, it may be hard to pick the right word. I may just resort to a lot of suppletion (e.g. having the future of "ra'a" be "opsomai").
An outline for a journaling language I'm making. It's almost 100% regular, and it's a Frankenstein language.
Conlang Outline Info-Template2Name: Name of the conlang
Native Short Name:
A Priori or Posteriori?:
Isolate or in a Family?:
Inherited Language Features:
How Many Numbers?: sing/pl=2, if you add more, the number increases. It's usually two or three, though I think it doesn't go above 5.
Predominant Affix Type: prefix, circumfix, general affixiation?
Variable or Absolute Suffixes?: Huge changes in affix through sound changes or just minor?
Morphosyntactic Alignment: The Morphosyntactic Alignment
Primary Word Order: Default Word Order
Alternate Word Order: Alternate Order
Head Position: Head initial or final? "the grey suitcase" or "la valise griese" (the suitcase grey)?
Language Type: Synthetic, Agglutinating? Polysynthetic even?
Secondary Type: Secondary dominating type. English is Isolating, then Agglutinating
Different Registers?: yes/no
Amount of Registers:
Types of Registers:
How Are They Formed:
Conjugated? A simple yes/
4 persons? You got the speaker, the listener, everything else....where does a fourth category come in?
4th person is just a 3rd person obviate.
shouldn't it be called 3rd person obviate then?
That's too much to write in a gloss.
not really, 3.OBV
Still gonna use 4 in glosses.
I always found that one stupid because it is really third person + another feature not another feature all togather
If I were to use the PROX and OBV glosses, I'd cut out the 3 altogether, since it would be redundant. And I concede that "4th person" can be confusing. But I'll make sure to explain it if I ever get around to releasing a grammar.
Hmmm interesting. You used a cyrillic letter, and then... latin letters
It's got Latin, Greek, and Cyrillic all thrown together. I was originally going to use mkhedruli exclusively, but it didn't fit my sound system, so I said, "Yay, I don't have to learn a new script!"
Hmmm maybe you could have used Kartvelian script. It is hard to write though
It's very pretty, but I've found it tough to read. Then again, that's what I thought about Greek a year and a half ago, and what I thought about Hebrew when I started it back in October.