C and C Weekly #6

16 min read

Deviation Actions

Majnouna's avatar
By Majnouna
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What's new in Comics & Cartoons

:pointr: Independent Comic Artist Feature vol. III - VanZero
:pointr: Comicslist now accepting reviews!


Happenings in comics worldwide

:pointr: Art Spiegelman wants a blood test on More Intelligent Life.
Suggested by perkelate
:pointr: And because I think anything Art Spiegelman has to say about comics is worth hearing, here's another, longer interview of him for Wizard.
:pointr: A list of the 2009 Doug Wright Awards finalists, where most of the links offer preview pdfs of the nominated works.
:pointr: Mightygodking.com's response to the following email: "In terms of internet business models, 2005-2015 will be to comics as 1995-2005 was to music. Discuss."


Links to refine your craft
:pointr: The Tao of Breaking Into Comics, According to C.B. Cebulski: Sam Humphries does a guest article at Comic Book Resources interviewing CB Cebulski, talent scout at Marvel. If you want to break into mainstream comics, this article is a must-read.
Spotted by pinguino
:pointr: Not specifically comics but of interest to creative freelancers: How to handle tightwads & charge what you're worth by Lindsay Berger.


A closer look at one author, series, graphic novel or theme

This week's spotlight is on the story arc Batman: Hush, 2002-2003; written by Jeph Loeb, penciled by Jim Lee, inked by Scott Williams, colored by Alex Sinclair.

Collected in two trade paperback volumes, Hush sets a very high standard for "serious" superhero comics to live up to. Every page of it has been crafted with a clear intent on aesthetic and sequential perfection. In lesser hands the result may have been a sequence of static and self-conscious compositions, but this is almost movie-like in its dynamic flow across each page and through a story where visuals shift fluidly to express mood.
The artwork is impressive. Super tight, it stops short of hyperrealism to keep a pleasing stylization that is beautifully served by the inking. There is a lot to learn about inking by contemplating these pages, where the feathering serves both to define volumes and give a looser, gritter feel to the pencils.

The single weak point of the run may be the plot. I wouldn't claim it's weak, far from it, but even after reading the whole run 4 times, I find that it is so complicated and with so many things that aren't what they seem, that at any given moment I can't remember how we got there (not helped by the fact the art is so distractingly gorgeous). I also got the distinct feel that some far-fetching was done in order to fit Batman's full rogue gallery into one story arc, although you could also read this as being given the impossible brief to feature all Batman villains in the story and doing a better job than could be expected of it. At any rate, individual elements within the plot will keep you coming back to relive many high moments illuminating the inner lives of the characters – matters of love, trust, and regrets.

i3.photobucket.com/albums/y78/… i3.photobucket.com/albums/y78/… i3.photobucket.com/albums/y78/… i3.photobucket.com/albums/y78/… i3.photobucket.com/albums/y78/… i3.photobucket.com/albums/y78/…
The posting of the pages above for review purposes falls under Fair Use – please do not use them or repost them for other purposes.


Storytelling devices and how to use or NOT use them


"Exposition is a literary tool that is used to give information to the audience through dialogue, description, flashback or narrative."
Source: tvtropes.org
Exposition is an essential part of many stories. It's almost inevitable that, at some point, some kind of critical info will have to be imparted, either to the reader or to the characters or both. This can be done in many ways. Skillful exposition will inform the reader without them noticing they are being filled in, but done poorly it can break the flow of the story. The worst thing you can do is an Information dump.
An infodump is an exposition sequence that is way too long, throws too much information at the reader in one go, and consequently stops the story completely for the duration. If it happens in the introduction, before the story even begins, then you're asking the reader to wade through a ton of material before they're even sure they really want to read the story! Very risky unless this is done in an attractive format. Star Trek came up with its Captain's Log for that, which presents the advantage of having the exposition done by the lead character and in a way that makes sense in context.
It's particularly easy to end up with infodumps in literature, where one can get carried away with the writing, but they can readily take place in comics, where they can take various forms:

:bulletred: An endless conversation between two characters, which can result in a visually boring scene because nothing actually happens while they're talking. It's best not to have such a long dialog in the first place, but if inevitable, make sure to keep a visual interest by varying panel sizes, camera angles, perspective; have something interesting taking place in the background, close up on the characters' body language, etc.

:bulletred: An "illustrated story" where the exposition takes the form of a sequence of vignettes with a narrative voice in a box. This is much less dynamic than comic narration and produces a feeling of distanciation to the narrative – which is exactly what is happening, as the characters themselves are distant from it. If it stretches across too many pages, though, the level of engagement drops enormously. Keep it short and visually amazing.

:bulletred: A block of text, saving the trouble of drawing it all, and seemingly a painless way of getting the exposition out of the way – but in sequential art that stands out quite awkwardly. It's downright silly when the long speech issues from the mouth of a character who is in the middle of an action, for instance in the process of delivering a jump kick. Writer Chris Claremont is infamous for his absurdly long dialogues at times like this. Alan Moore on the other hand did pull off the text passages in Watchmen, where chapters are separated by pages of pure prose. In his case, they are not a pause from the story but an additional dimension to it, offering a mixture of new details and a different perspective on events already covered in the previous chapter (a curiosity catcher), taking place at points where the story has already paused and we're taking a deep breath before the next chapter.

If you find yourself committing an infodump, the first question to ask yourself is, "Do I need to explain all this at this point in the story?" You may be able to spread out the info along the story in smaller chunks, less noticeable and easier to digest. Perhaps you can simply use a lot less words and still convey what needs to be conveyed (think of this: if you were hanging out with someone and they asked you how you ended up doing what you're doing, how would you answer? Try this verbally and you'll find your answer tends to be much more concise than it would be in writing, because you have less time to think and you automatically select the most important bits.) Another possibility is for part of the information to be conveyed non-verbally, through things the character sees, body language, whatever is appropriate. As an example, let's say we have the following two panels of a boy talking about a date. Panel 1: "I had a date with Jenny." Panel 2: "She's dreamy! I'm so in love! I can still feel her lips on my cheek where she kissed me!" All of panel 2 is redundant. All you need is one panel of the boy saying "I had a date with Jenny", with a dreamy, soppy  expression, fingers lightly touching a spot on his cheek, and you've said it all without needing to say it. No medium is as expressive as comics, and this expressiveness should be exploited to the full.

Now if you've examined your exposition and found that you really can't condense it or redistribute it, you need to consider ways of making it entertaining, really suck the reader in. If you can't help the change in pacing, go all the way with it instead, making it a different experience through a change of style and/or medium as well. Parallel narrations can be very compelling if applicable, meaning that for the duration of the exposition you show both the current story and the backstory unfolding side by side, ideally in a way that there's a relation between the two at any given moment. Other than that, it's really all up to your creativity and having a good feel of how your story flows/what you can allow yourself to do with it. If you look closely at any comic or graphic novel that you consider good, you can probably spot within it well-done exposition to be learned from.

A specialized type of poor exposition is the Intro dump, where you introduce a truckload of characters in a very short space of time. Have you ever walked into a party and been introduced to 12 people in a row? You probably only remembered the first couple of names. A comic is no different. When a reader learns a new character's name, they also need to find out why this character is worth remembering before another one calls upon their attention. This isn't to say that you should start with just one character and wait several pages before daring to bring another one in, but do start small and introduce the rest at an organic pace. This insures that readers develop interest in each of them; this connection between reader and protagonists is highly desirable.

There are a few well-established devices used to make a character launch into an explanation. A favorite is to make a character arrive in the midst of a situation and ask: "What's going on?" Simple, but unquestionably natural. Some are beginning to verge on caricatural by now and can almost only be used tongue-in-cheek, unless the writer gives them a new polish. This is the case of As You Know, where one character explains to another something they both know but the audience doesn't. If there is no good reason within the story for the characters to discuss whatever it is they both know, this sounds poor. In Scrubs, for instance, the presence of interns, which is perfectly normal, is conveniently used to make doctors explain procedures for the audience's benefit. In CSI on the other hand, the detectives keep explaining rudimentary forensics to each other for no good reason at all. Also poor is the Postponed question – a characters asks a question that they would logically have asked a long time ago. It is only asked now because the viewer or reader needs to hear the answer now.
Captain Obvious, a character who is made to point out things that are already obvious to other characters as well as to the reader, is in definite disgrace by now. This trope was so rampant in Silver Age comic books that today instances of it are usually accompanied by another character responding "No kidding!" It was already rather noticed in the 70s, where an episode of Star Wars has Han Solo snap at C3PO: "I'm glad you're here to tell us these things!" Similarly dumb but surprisingly endurant is the habit of some superheroes to explain how their powers will protect them – undoubtedly for the benefit of new readers but completely maddening for everyone else. Cyclops: "Only my ruby-quartz visor can contain my optic blasts." Rogue: "Ah cain't touch another human bein', or mah powers'll absorb their thoughts and abilities." It almost sounds like they have a hard time remembering them doesn't it? How about this example, thought by Random while being blasted into a puddle: "What's happening? Mutant power to randomly deflect any other mutant power thrown at me isn't working!" *groan*
A character may be present whose purpose for being is to ask questions in the audience's place. This can be a child, a newcomer, someone with no expertise among a specialized crew, or even the Watson, named after Sherlock Holmes's chronicler, who was there to provide a bridge into the detective's mind. All these, when used wisely, make for smoother exposition than having a character who is a full-time Mr. Exposition, that is he (or she) exists solely to explain things to the protagonists, whether they really need the explanation or not.

Whatever you do, avoid Expospeak! This is the funny way in which characters often find themselves speaking when they're in the middle of an exposition. Suddenly they sound like they're reading an essay, which is exactly what their lines are, as the writer was so intent on the exposition s/he overlooked the fact people just don't speak that way. A simple way of avoiding this: read your dialogues out loud, or have them read to you. If it sounds unnatural, revise! People usually speak in shorter sentences than they write, using more familiar words, with a high likelihood of idiomatic occurrences.

As a final piece of advice I would add: Don't be afraid to not explain everything. Outside plot-essential points, there is nothing wrong with letting a reader wonder about things s/he sees in the world you're drawing. The sense of wonder comes from not having all the answers.


Blogs and stuff to keep an eye on
:pointr: Ayloul, the sketch blog of Lebanese cartoonist Jana Traboulsi, whose life (and sketching) is divided between Lebanon and Peru.
:pointr: Tomgeeks.com, a collective for female webcomickers, with a strong forum community.
Suggested by LeBlah
:pointr: Jason Kieffer's site is on the list for pure layout awesomeness.


Deviations that didn't make it as DDs, but are still worth a look!
off-white pg 74 by akreon bubble dream by dorset Dusty Day by tawfi2 Spiderman color spread by pant Hairy popsicle by RyanOttley Page 1 - Sealed Hearts REDO by RedNight-Comic Castle Aquila by Sankam


What is she going to come up with this time?

:pointr: Strip generator: Just for fun, create 3-panel strips by dragging and dropping elements and characters from the image bank.  


See you next week! in 3 weeks, as I'm going to be traveling for a while!
Your C&C Gallery Moderators,
:iconmajnouna: :iconthiefoworld:

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Trevor-Nielson's avatar
cool and informative....a gem
TheOnlyWarman's avatar
Amazing info really, the trope of this week inspired a whole new comic relief in the comic I'm currently working on :D.

oh btw alan moore in watchmen had several methods of exposition or just explaining what's going on without the reader noticing, other than the "big blocks of text" at the end of every chapter that were cleverly placed and wrote out (something he redid in the league of extraordinary gentlemen in the form of the memoirs of alan quartermaine and in his last book the black dossier itself), he also did these parralisms and metaphors within the story to further emphasise a point, like the comic tales of the black frieghter and how the direct prose in that comic being read by one of the chars symbolized what was going on in the surrounding world. or the sex scene between nite owl 2 and silk spectre 2 (the first one) were he doesn't show them having sex (and failing eventually) but rather shows what's on tv and the TV commentary explains the sex scene (as well as what's on TV) giving a sort of detailed description of what was going on without going into a more graphic nature, something that was very cleverly placed.

just a few thoughts I thought I'd share, any ideas toward them ?
Majnouna's avatar
I know, he uses loads of approaches, but the topic here was the text block hence my focus on it :D We can all learn a lot from Alan Moore!
TheOnlyWarman's avatar
true so true, keep up the good work I'm loving your CnC issues very very helpful even to people who know this stuff too, a good reminder every now and then can't hurt
Elixia-Dragmire's avatar
good again! though i feel i maybe be guilty of some of those tropes ^^;
Rose-Rayne's avatar
jeriweaver's avatar
I love batman hush!

notfunnynotcute's avatar
I never like tropes for some reason. Maybe because I feel like a lot of them go without saying. They're interesting, to say the least.

Those "almost-DDs" deserved to be DDs more than half the bullshit that makes it there. I am so sick of seeing pornography usually make the cut instead.
LeBlah's avatar
Related and equally annoying problem, especially prevalent in webcomics: TOO. MUCH. SPEAKING. Syndrome. Somebody needs to plaster "Show, don't tell!" all over Drunk Duck in big, red letters.

And more links!
For artists.
For writers.
And I'm not sure if you've linked this already, but, here's a link for both!
abnormaltoonage's avatar
Thanks for the as always awesome article. It's wonderful
HenrikeDijkstra's avatar
That`s a lot of good and useful information once again! The `trope of the week` was very interesting and some awesome links there too!
Vueiy-Visarelli's avatar
If I was introduced to 12 people in a row, I'd probably only remember the name of the very last one. ^^;
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