Project Educate: Aperture, Shutter and ISO Speed

4 min read

Deviation Actions

kinipelahh's avatar

Today we'll take a quick basic look at Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO Speed.


The aperture determines the amount of light that is allowed into the digital sensor. A small number indicates a large aperture whereas a large number indicates a lower aperture. For example, an aperture of 8 would let in less light than an aperture of 4. Imagine your eye, specifically your pupil; the bigger the pupil is, the more light is being let in and the smaller it is, the less light. This is what is effectively happening with your camera. The aperture also determines the DOF (depth of field).

The numbers you usually see on the side of lenses look like this;

F 22 | 16 | 11 | 8 | 5.6 | 2.4

The larger the number, the less light is allowed in. Each number depicts double the amount of light allowed through the lens. For example, an aperture of 5.6 will allow twice the amount of light in than 8, but only half the amount of light than 2.4.

UNADORNED JOY by EdwinMartinez Torn Between Dreams by Inebriantia:thumb261419895:

Shutter Speed

The shutter is what determines the exposure time the photo has. At 1/250 seconds exposure, twice the amount of light will be taken in than at 1/500 seconds.

The exposure time also determines how the photo will look. The shorter a shutter time, the sharper the image will look, the longer the shutter time, the more 'shaken' it will look (If not using a tripod of course ;)) A longer exposure is perfect for things like night photography.

Old Lady by matze-end .: citrus splash :... by maskqueraide RIP by Hengki24

ISO Speed

ISO Speed is usually depicted using the following numbers;

50 | 100 | 200 | 400 | 800 | 1600 | 3200

These numbers reflect how fast the sensor reacts to the light sent through aperture and shutter. The smaller the number means it will take longer to take the photo, whilst larger numbers mean it'll take a shorter amount of time. On the average digital camera, the ISO generally ranges from 50 to 400. A lower ISO speed is usually used on brighter days, whereas a higher ISO is needed in lower light.

:thumb139306409: get low by maticgolob:thumb175299344:
© 2011 - 2022 kinipelahh
Join the community to add your comment. Already a deviant? Log In
Astrikos's avatar
Very interesting and useful. :clap:
kinipelahh's avatar
Glad you found it so :)
Nolamom3507's avatar
I've always been confused by the aperture vs. ISO. Thanks for clearing it up.
kinipelahh's avatar
Happy to helps :meow:
LuvlyBlu's avatar
Thank you so much ! :love: very helpful for me :D
kinipelahh's avatar
Glad you enjoyed it :love:
snowmarite's avatar
Thank you for very helpful information :) ^^
kinipelahh's avatar
Thank you for reading :)
Clavis-Salomonis's avatar
Awesome, very helpful!
kinipelahh's avatar
:dummy: thanks for reading
RebeccaLongArt's avatar
oOnyaOo's avatar
Brilliant article. I just got my first SLR today so this was a great read just to refresh my memory. The way is written is perfect too, very easy to read and understand.
kinipelahh's avatar
Glad you enjoyed it. Thanks for reading :love:
zZToraZz's avatar
thank you so much for the feature :tighthug:
kinipelahh's avatar
You're welcome :meow:
cality's avatar
This is a very helpful article, thanks! :la:
TarantulaLdAmn's avatar
:love: THANK. YOU. SO. MUCH. :love:
kinipelahh's avatar
You're welcome! :dummy:
Join the community to add your comment. Already a deviant? Log In