Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Verbs 2
て form of verbs
Verbs can take on many different forms. The て form of a verb does not mean anything by itself, but it can be used for a variety of structures, such as sentence joining, so it is important to learn how to change a verb into its て form.
In Japanese, there are 3 types of verbs: いちだん (ichidan) verbs, ごだん(godan) verbs and irregular verbs.
There are only 2 irregular verbs which do not follow any rules when taking on different forms so they need to be rote learned. Generally, there are more ごだん verbs than there are いちだん verbs.
For information on how to tell verbs apart, please read the grammar guide "Distinguishing Verbs".
Formation for いちだん verbs
Take the verb stem - that is, the part of the verb that comes before ます(masu) - and add て to it. Simple!
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Verbs
This lesson will teach you how to convert between the different forms of verbs in Japanese and how to tell them apart.
There are 3 distinct groups of verbs in Japanese: the いちだん (ichidan) verbs, ごだん (godan) verbs and irregular verbs. The いちだん verbs are also known as "iru/eru" verbs because when they are in their plain forms, they end with an "iru/eru" sound. HOWEVER this does not mean that all verbs that end in "iru/eru" are いちだん verbs. The ごだん verbs are also known as "u" verbs because they change into the polite form by dropping the "u" and adding "imasu". Because I am lazy, for the rest of the lesson, I shall refer to いちだん vebs as "iru/eru" verbs and ごだん verbs as "u" verbs.
Iru/eru-verbs are so called いちだん ve
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Adjective use
Adjectives are describing words and are used to describe nouns. Something we've all learnt since we were at primary school. Where some languages, such as French, distinguish between
feminine and masculine adjectives, Japanese distinguishes between い-adjectives (i-adjectives) and な-adjectives (na-adjectives). Because I am a lazy person, for the rest of the lesson whenever the word "い-adjective" or "な-adjective" comes up, I will use the abbreviation "adj".
Distinguishing between the two types
There is no clear cut way of telling whether an adjective is an い-adj or な-adj. The only way of knowing is to rote learn them!
However, I know a couple of things which should help:
If the final character is い, it is most likely to be an い-adj. It is not definite, but it's likely.
e.g. うれしい (ureshii) for "happy" and おいしい (oish
Mystichuntress's Japanese Tutorial: Ability to do
Ability - I can...
There are two ways to say "Able to do something" in Japanese. One is using -られる (-rareru) which is the potential form of a verb. The method I'm going to explain will be できる (dekiru) which is easier to use but lengthier.
Aは verb (plain present)ことが できます。
A-wa verb (plain present) koto ga dekimasu.
A can do verb
Note that the particle that comes after the verb is が。
The plain present form of the verb is also known as the dictionary form. This is the form in which the verb is found in a dictionary. It is NOT the verb stem (the verb stem is the part of the verb that comes before ます [masu] when the verb is in the polite form).
Usually, when the verb is する (suru) meaning "to do", the する is left out. This is usually
Tania's Guide To:MJC L2
Tania's Guide to:
My Japanese Coach
Lesson 2 - Pronunciation
Current: Unit: 1 - Tokyo | Chapter: 1 - Tokyo
Score: Rank: Baby | Mastered Words: 10
Unlock(s): Game(s): Word Search | Lesson: 2
Tania's Character Key
...."What does that mean? Oh, there it is!" (๑◕ܫ￩๑)
「 」 | Romaji
Underlined Words | Titles & Links
~ | A marker that tells you to extend the previous sound.
- | A marker that tells you to pause/go on to another character (or separate from the previous one)
[ ] | Pronunciation boxes
| In-Game info, warnings, & tips
@タニア (tania) | My thoughts on the topic or my experience on the topic
MJC's Lesson / Vocabulary
....How the vocabulary is introduced to you in the game. (＊☉&
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