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Ur-Nammu cone in clay tablets

By Jakeukalane
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Deviation Nº1424 << PREVIOUS || NEXT >>


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Descripción/description

Una práctica copiando un cono existente de verdad de Ur-Nammu (2047-2030 ANE) escrito en cuneiforme sumerio.

Como este es mi primer intento, con tiempo y material limitados, el resultado es muy lejano de la perfección. Además, el original era un cono, no tablillas de barro. He respetado mayoritariamente las líneas de las palabras, aunque todas ellas eran en el original muchísimo más pequeñas que las mías. Se puede apreciar cómo los mismos signos están escritos mejor en la segunda tablilla (especialmente el signo lugal). Hice una tercera tablilla con el final de la línea 6, pero el resultado fue tan malo que no la incluiré aquí (además, en esa tablilla omití varios signos).

Espero tener la oportunidad de hacer una versión mejor.

A practice copying a real cone of Ur-Nammu (2047-2030 BCE) writing in sumerian cunneiform.

As this was my first try, with limited time and material, the result is very far from perfect. Also, the original was a cone, not clay tablets. I respected mostly the lines of the words, although all of them were obviously far smaller than mine. You can see how the same signs are written better in the second tablet (specially lugal sign). I did a third tablet with the end of the line 6 but the result was so bad that I won't include it here (also, in that tablet I missed several signs).

I hope to have the oportunity to make a better version.

Comentario/comment

  • Cada signo es
    • o bien una sílaba
    • o bien un predeterminativo (como dingir que se denota d: que significa que el nombre mencionado a continuación es el de un dios). Ejemplo: dEn-lil2.
    • o bien un postdeterminativo (como ki que se denota ki y significa que el nombre que se ha mencionado antes es de un lugar de una ciudad). Ejemplo: Urim5ki.
    • o bien un signo palabra que tuviese más de una sílaba pero que se transcribía sólo con un signo. Ejemplo: dNammu. En una transcripción de otro idioma que haga uso del sistema cuneiforme (el paleobabilonio por ejemplo) cuando  en la transcripción aparece una palabra de más de una sílaba sin estar separadas éstas por guiones significa que el signo que había ahí era de ese tipo. Son conocidos como sumerogramas.

  • Las sílabas están separadas por "-" formando una sóla palabra.
  • Las diferentes palabras están separadas por espacios.
  • Los números de las sílabas (Urim5ki) son indicaciones para saber qué signo se emplea en una trasliteración concreta. Así pues, los signos ke1, ke2, ke3, keo ke5, no hacen referencia a los mismos signos a pesar de ser homófonos (al menos que sepamos).
  • Algunos reyes en el Antiguo Oriente (en la actualidad también, generalmente provinientes del hebreo) tenían nombres teóforos. Esto quiere decir que su nombre contenía el nombre de una divinidad. Como las divinidades vienen marcadas por "dingir", los nombres personales también pueden incluir en su interior dicha marca.

  • Each sign is
    • a syllabe
    • a predeterminative (as dingir) that is denoted as d: that means that the name that follows is the name of a divinity). Example: dEn-lil2.
    • a postdeterminative (like ki that is denoted as ki: that means that the previous name is the name of a place or city). Example: Urim5ki.
    • a sign-word that expresses a name with more than one syllabe but transcribed with only one sign. Example: dNammu. In a transcription of another language that uses the cunneiform system (old babylonian, for example) when appears a entire word of more than one syllabe but written without separations it means that is a sign like this example. They were called sumerograms.

  • The syllabes are separated by "-" that means that is the same word.
  • Different words are separated by spaces.
  • The numbers after some of the syllabes (Urim5ki) are indications in order to know what sign is used in a certain transliteration. So, the signs ke(1), ke2, ke3, keor ke5, do not refer to the same signs despite being homophones (at least to our knowledge).
    • .
  • Some kings in the Ancient Near East (nowadays also names that generally comes from Hebrew) had theophoric names. This means that its names contain the name of a deity. As the gods are marked by "dingir" personal names may also include within them that mark.

Análisis/analysis

En las tablillas se puede leer/in these tablets can be read:

Transliteración/transliteration

1. dEn-lil2
2. lugal kur-kur-ra
3. lugal-a-ni
↑↑↑(tablilla/clay tablet 1)
______________________
 (tablilla/clay tablet 2) ↓↓↓
4. Ur-dNammu
5. lugal-Urim5ki-ma
6. lugal-Ki-engi[...]

Lectura/Lecture

1. Enlil
2. lugalkurkura
3. lugalani
4. Urnammu
5. lugalurima
6. lugalkiengi[...]

Traducción

1. Para Enlil
2. rey de todos los dioses,
3. su soberano,
4. Urnammu,
5. Rey de Ur
6. Rey de Sumer [...]

Translation

1. For Enlil
2. king of all gods,
3. its suzerain,
4. Urnammu,
5. King of Ur
6. King of Sumer [...]

Hecho con/done with

Tablillas de barro (clay tablets) & Palillos chinos modificados/modified chopsticks & Cámara de fotos/photocamera bajo/under Android & GIMP 2.8 bajo/under GNU/Linux Ubuntu 14.04
ClayChopsticks Camera Photo IconAndroid IconGIMP Icon Ubuntu Icon (new)Linux Icon
IMAGE DETAILS
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Published:
Comments51
anonymous's avatar
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BlackViolin7's avatar
BlackViolin7Hobbyist
nice!
Jakeukalane's avatar
JakeukalaneHobbyist Digital Artist
thank you
technochroma's avatar
technochromaProfessional Digital Artist
Yay cuneiform!
Jakeukalane's avatar
JakeukalaneHobbyist Digital Artist
do you like it? :)
nikoskap's avatar
Very interesting.
Jakeukalane's avatar
JakeukalaneHobbyist Digital Artist
thank you!
nikoskap's avatar
No worries!
IAmThatStrange's avatar
IAmThatStrange Digital Artist
Very interesting.  You know I've seen a language like this somewhere before.  Not sure if it was in a movie or a television show or what.  No matter this is great!
Jakeukalane's avatar
JakeukalaneHobbyist Digital Artist
thanks! I hope I could do more of them, because this was the first and last try at the moment and there are many mistakes.
IAmThatStrange's avatar
IAmThatStrange Digital Artist
Well I don't see any and hmmmmmmmmmmmmmm  like none of us 't ever make mystacks?   :grin: 
Jakeukalane's avatar
JakeukalaneHobbyist Digital Artist
:aww:
drake-rex's avatar
drake-rexHobbyist Writer
Wow, awesome owo
Jakeukalane's avatar
JakeukalaneHobbyist Digital Artist
muchas gracias
Odilicious's avatar
OdiliciousHobbyist Digital Artist
Excellent! Very interesting!
Jakeukalane's avatar
JakeukalaneHobbyist Digital Artist
thank you :aww:
puppet25's avatar
puppet25Student Digital Artist
That looks cool
Jakeukalane's avatar
JakeukalaneHobbyist Digital Artist
thanks!
puppet25's avatar
puppet25Student Digital Artist
Your welcome:D
SelkisFritz's avatar
SelkisFritzHobbyist Digital Artist
Very interesting!Smile Miguel 
Jakeukalane's avatar
JakeukalaneHobbyist Digital Artist
Thank you. Any doubt?? I want to do a journal with the basics of akkadian and I will include very similar explanations. Is something hard to understand or bad phrased? Thank you:)
SelkisFritz's avatar
SelkisFritzHobbyist Digital Artist
I'm learning a lot of things from your works, thanks a lot!)
Jakeukalane's avatar
JakeukalaneHobbyist Digital Artist
is absolutly me pleasure, I love sumerian and akkadian languages so is wonderful for me to try to get known between other people :) 
SelkisFritz's avatar
SelkisFritzHobbyist Digital Artist
I will be like your shadow and follow your steps in this wonderful journey:) (Smile) 
Jakeukalane's avatar
JakeukalaneHobbyist Digital Artist
:dummy:
anonymous's avatar
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