The third national flag (also called "the Blood Stained Banner") was adopted March 4, 1865. The red vertical bar was proposed by Major Arthur L. Rogers, who argued that the pure white field of the Second National flag could be mistaken as a flag of truce: when hanging limp in no wind, the flag's Southern Cross canton could accidentally stay hidden, so the flag could mistakenly appear all white. Rogers lobbied successfully to have this alteration introduced in the Confederate Senate. He defended his redesign as having "as little as possible of the Yankee blue", and described it as symbolizing the primary origins of the people of the South, with the cross of England and the red bar from the flag of France.
"The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That the flag of the Confederate States shall be as follows: The width two-thirds of its length, with the union (now used as the battle flag) to be in width three-fifths of the width of the flag, and so proportioned as to leave the length of the field on the side of the union twice the width of the field below it; to have the ground red and a broad blue saltier thereon, bordered with white and emblazoned with mullets or five pointed stars, corresponding in number to that of the Confederate States; the field to be white, except the outer half from the union to be a red bar extending the width of the flag."
—Flag Act of 1865
There are 17 Stars, each respectively to each state of the Confederacy.
In the Confederate Congress, there is a Multi Party System. However, The Confed. Republicans and the Fed. Democrats are the two major parties, one right-wing and one left-wing respectively. There are also smaller minority parties in Congress, however, much like the politics of Germany, Italy, Israel, and other countries.
Each State is sovereign and usually acts as its own country, thanks to the Confederate Constitution. Each State also has its own military, not militia, to defend itself with its respected branches (i.e. Army, Navy (if permissible), Air Force, Marines, Coast Guard (if permissible)). However, when in National crisis, the Confederate Government can bind all militaries of the States under emergency situations, such as war between other foreign countries. However, if one State decides to declare war on another State of the Confederacy or Country, there are two possible outcomes. (1) The Confederacy steps in to intervene or (2) The Confederacy allows for the State to perform acts of war.
After the American Civil War, the Confederacy gained numerous allies (i.e. Great Britain, France, Germany, etc.) and became highly industrialized afterward. Slavery became insignificant and was soon eliminated from the economy and offered Negros a chance to go back to Africa, and their respected region, not just dumped off in a random area. There were also paid reparations for damages to self and property, but restricted only to individuals affected, not for entire lineages, and only paid once.
The present day United States would have been divided into different countries, not just the United States and the Confederacy, if the South had won the American Civil War. For example, California also would have become a separate country. The State of Utah would have become a Church State, governed by the Mormons. A confederation of Western States would have formed another country, which would have included the present day Dakotas, Montana, Wyoming, Nevada, Oregon, and Colorado. This Western Confederation would have failed, however, and would have joined the Union in the 1930s, at the height of the great Depression.
Abraham Lincoln would not have been assassinated, since John Wilkes Booth would have not had a motive, and would have served as a senator from Illinois for more than twenty years. He would have written his memoirs after the war ended, which would have created a sensation. The book would have sold many thousands of copies in both the United States and the Confederacy. More copies would have been sold in the Confederacy than in the US, since the former rebels would have been more interested in reading about why they won the war than the US would have been in reading about why they lost it.
Robert E. Lee would have become Confederate President Jefferson Davis's special envoy to the United States. But the strain of the job, and trying to maintain friendly relations with a former enemy, would have led to an early death in 1870.
The Confederacy would not have become involved in the First World War, nor would any of the other American countries, which would have prolonged the war for nearly a year. Slavery would also have continued in the Confederacy until the 1920s, when the institution would have outlived its usefulness. The practice of racial integration would have remained in effect, however. This policy would have been a major bone of contention between the US and the Confederacy throughout their history.
The five American countries would have formed an alliance during the Second World War to fight Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan. But each of the separate countries would have had its own commander. General Dwight D. Eisenhower would have commanded the forces from Texas, while General George s. Patton would have led the Confederate forces. General Omar Bradley would have commanded the US forces. After the war, all five American countries would have returned to a peaceful co-existence, with occasional bickering over politics and economics.
Interesting. My thought is that the war COULD HAVE HAD had a negotiated end, let's say that the arrival of the ironclad "Stonewall", the murder of Lincoln, counter-attacks in Texas and Florida, and Lee successfully breaking out at Appomattox Courthouse as well as Union war-weariness forced it. The CSA would have to abandon territory to get concessions, "West" Virginia and all or some of the "disputed states" for Arizona and the Indian Territory, for instance. President Davis opinioned early that if the south gained independence, she and the US would either HAVE TO have a military alliance with each other or a permanent non-aggression treaty. The alternative would have been a line of forts and an uneasy truce. I doubt that slavery would have lasted until the 20th century in this alternate history; without the abolitionists making war on the south, the (Historical) southern abolition movement would re-appear. Lee and other officers had also suggested that "negroes" who served in the military be rewarded with freedom. I KNOW that the CS constitution says "Permanente slavery", but this law could be changed with a constitutional amendment or by STATE laws. You have to remember that in THIS history, there would NOT be the resentment of "Reconstruction" or generations being told that the war had been fought "to free the slaves". As for WWI, the US MIGHT join in late 1916 because of attacks on their shipping. The CSA would be occupied by "the troubles with Mexico" and would join the following year, if at all.
Cold war? The CSA may get into a cold war with its USA counterpart with constant tension because of border disputes. The CSA may also have a run in with China and The USSR similarly to the Cold War in real history. Mexico is not exactly an option, but it is a mention that could try to regain old territory.
Basically. Even southerners today (by the majority I know) prefer to handle local issues and domestic problems than being involved in the international scene. With the exception of delegations with international allies like UK, France, Israel, etc.