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Linux Installation Guide

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There has been recent interest in switching from Windoze to Linux. I looked for tutorials online. There are several. But I didn't like how any of them started out. Therefore I have started a tutorial of my own on my own web site. It is much easier to maintain this sort of thing there, so I will just include a link to it: [link]

But that site only serves static pages. At least for now. So to allow for discussion and feedback, I suggest we use this page. If you have questions about my tutorial, post them here. Let's do it!

By the way, the image above is a mashup of Tux, the Linux mascot plus that famous DaVinci drawing of a man in a circle. Plus this was to represent a Mars inspired craft, hence the Martian details on Tux.
--
Allen Brown [link]
A bug is a test case you haven't written yet. --- Mark Pilgrim
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yeahgirl11's avatar
Did you want me to post it here???
hotmetal53's avatar
Yes, please.
--
Allen Brown [link]
You'll have to pry my Emacs from my cold dead oversized control-pressing left pinky finger. --- Randal L. Schwartz
yeahgirl11's avatar
I was wondering what a CD image was? And what kind of CD's do I need in order to put Linux on it?

I think those were my questions. lol
hotmetal53's avatar
First the easy question. Any CD-R 80 minute or 700MB will work. (I don't think they make the old small ones anymore.) They are all pretty much the same. (OK, there is one difference. Some have more stable passivation than others, but we needn't be concerned with that.) In particular, the only difference between "data" CDs and "audio" CDs is how much you pay for them. You pay more for "audio" CDs because the recording industry assumes you are stealing music from them and puts a "tax" on them.

And I assume you have a CD writer in your computer. If you have no blank CDs, is that because you have no use for them? Look at your CD drive. It should say CD-R or CD-RW. Often they will also have several numbers to indicate their speed at various tasks.

Explaining what "CD image" means is much more difficult.

Think of a hard disk or flash card. You can store several files on it. How does the computer know where the files are and what they are named? That is done with a "file system" such as FAT-32 or NTFS. A file system is a special format where the file name is stored in a table of entries and the file contents is stored separately. That table is what makes it all work. Linux has its own file systems, for example ext3. And CDs have their own, known as iso.

A CD image is a full iso file system, all in one file. It is intended to be copied verbatim onto the CD.

The other way to write a CD is to create a project and copy your files into the project. The software creates an iso image from the project and then writes it to the CD. If you were to put your iso image into a project, that important table would be in the data file area rather than in the table area. So the computer wouldn't find it when it went looking to see what was on the disk.

The instructions here: [link] explain how to write a image to a CD. Let me know if this helps.
--
Allen Brown [link]
An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last. --- Sir Winston Churchill
yeahgirl11's avatar
:faint: Hopefully I can remember this! Thanks a lot for taking the time to explain! :hug:

My mom don't get paid until friday, so I'll have to make sure it's okay with her. Thanks a lot for the link; I'll attempt to set it up.:XD: :hug:
hotmetal53's avatar
And before you spend any money, please verify that your computer has a burner. Can you tell me the model number of the CD drive(s) on your computer?
--
Allen Brown [link]
Bullet points won't stop them. --- Patrick R. Wade
yeahgirl11's avatar
How do I find the model number of the CD drive on my computer???

^^;
hotmetal53's avatar
Well you may have to take the side off the computer to find it. But there are several things that are much easier. So let's start there.

Look at the front of the drive. Report to me everything it says.

If that doesn't work I will ask you to see if Windoze will tell you. (It may be a case of the blind leading the blind.)

It should also be possible to get the info from the BIOS during the boot process. That will also be hard to describe.
--
Allen Brown [link]
Never play Russian roulette with an Uzi.
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hotmetal53's avatar
Hmm. Maybe you can get them onesy-twosy for cheap. Let's see if this link works: [link]

It's for a Staples brand CD-R, actually 2 for 25 cents. Of course shipping and handling will dwarf that. But maybe you can walk into a Staples or other office products store and get a CD-R for only a dollar. Can't hurt to try.
--
Allen Brown [link]
A bus station is where a bus stops. A train station is where a train stops. On my desk, I have a workstation. What more can I say? -- anon
yeahgirl11's avatar
I can't purchase anything over the internet, because my mom controls the money.:( But I can go down to Staples and get some.:D If they have it for a reasonable price, then she might buy it for me.:D I can always convince her, so it shouldn't hurt.:D
hotmetal53's avatar
Don't you have any money at all?
--
Allen Brown [link]
ARMOR, n. The kind of clothing worn by a man whose tailor is a blacksmith. --- Ambrose Bierce
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hotmetal53's avatar
CDRs are super cheap ... in quantity. As low as 10 cents each in quantity 100. But if you buy one you pay several dollars for it. I suggest you ask your friends. Chances are they will just give you one. It doesn't make much sense to buy them if you won't use them again.

Or I could just mail you one. If you want me to, send your mailing address in a note. I don't think you should post it here for all the world to see.
--
Allen Brown [link]
Everything is sweetened by risk. --- Alexander Smith [1830-1867]
yeahgirl11's avatar
Whoa, several dollars just for ONE!? :faint: Yeah, my momma won't go for that. :(

If you'd like to mail me one, and/or able to, that'd be great! Are you sure it won't be too much trouble?
hotmetal53's avatar
There are advantages and disadvantages
+ I would send a CD-R with Ubuntu already on it. So I would know it was good to go.
+ This would work even if you don't have a CD burner.
- We would not find out if the instructions I have put on the web site are sufficient for a beginner.
- Postage costs much more than the CD-R itself.

OTOH if you find a friend who has CD-Rs you can be sure she can burn them for you. That would eliminate the question of whether you have the capability to do it on your computer.
--
Allen Brown [link]
Never underestimate the capability of people who are following the crowd to delude themselves into thinking they are somehow special for having done so.
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KittMouri's avatar
Thanks a bunch! :D
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