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REOPENED - Under New Management
History, Photos, Culture, Folk Arts and just Arts of Ukrainian Artists.

Information about Ukraine:
Ukraine is a country in Central and Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the largest country in Europe part.
First the term"Ukraine" appeared in 1187 in Kyivan Chronicles of Kyivan Rus. It was the name of centre and south lands of Rus. Now these lands belongs to Ukraine.
After Destroying of Kyivan Rus, Ukraine raised as Kingdom of Rus, but in Chronics it was named Ukraine several times. After 1349 Ukraine was divided by Poland and Lithuanian-Belarus Commonwealth. Anyway as nation Ukrainians did not disappear. In Europe they were known as Rutens (Ruthenians) and played main role in the wars as Cossacks.
Plus Ukraine was called also Rus till the Moscow Kingdom renamed themselves to Russia in 1713. After that Ukraine became Ukraine-Rus and in 18 century was officially and finally renamed to Ukraine in the Ukrainian Constitution of P. Orlyk.
Ukraine from Slavonic means inland. the idea, that Ukraine means from russian "border" was created by Russian chauvinists. Because the Russian word "okraina", that means "border" appeared in Russian language only in 19 century. Before that Russians used Ukrainian word "okolyca".
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Information about Ukraine:
Ukraine is a country in Central and Eastern Europe. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the largest country in Europe part.
First, the term"Ukraine" appeared in 1187 in Kyivan Chronicles of Kyivan Rus. It was the name of the centre and south lands of Rus. Now, these lands belong to Ukraine.
After Destroying of Kyivan Rus, Ukraine raised as the Kingdom of Rus, but in Chronics it was named Ukraine several times. After 1349 Ukraine was divided by Poland and Lithuanian-Belarus Commonwealth. Anyway, as nation Ukrainians did not disappear. In Europe, they were known as Rutens (Ruthenians) and played the main role in the wars as Cossacks.
Plus Ukraine was called also Rus till the Moscow Kingdom renamed themselves to Russia in 1713. After that Ukraine became Ukraine-Rus and in 18 century was officially and finally renamed to Ukraine in the Ukrainian Constitution of P. Orlyk.
Ukraine from Slavonic means inland. the idea, that Ukraine means in Russian "border" was created by Russian chauvinists. Because of the Russian word "okraine", that means "border" appeared in the Russian language only in 19 century. Before that Russians used the Ukrainian word "okolyca".
On February 25th Ukraine celebrates the 150th birthday of one of its most remarkable female intellectuals.
,
wisp
Lesia Ukrainka (1871-1913) is the pen name given to Larysa Petrivna Kosach-Kvitka by her mother, who encouraged her writing and creative passion. Her uncle, Mykhailo Drahomanov wrote that he wanted to make Lesia into “a fully mature person and a fighter”.
On the 150th anniversary of her birth (February 25, 1871), the last seven years of which have been spent fighting a war against Russian invasion and aggression, Lesia Ukrainka’s poetry translates the patriotic, albeit sorrowful, words of all Ukrainian soldiers when she writes:

“Our death will teach others how they ought to live.”

Historically, passages from Lesia Ukrainka’s writing have often been used to boost the morale of the Ukrainian soldier. An interesting aspect to the self-identity of Ukrainian soldiers is that in their courage, humility and devotion they have always placed themselves under female patronage.
,
Lesya Ukrainka
In her iconic poem Against all Hope I Hope, Lesia speaks of “laughter through tears” and “singing in the midst of misfortune”. The laughter she has in mind is not irrational or vulnerable, but rather a strong defence against violence and pain. It is a catharsis that moves one to action, similar in defiance to Shevchenko’s “I am punished, I suffer, but I am not repentant”.
Yes, I will laugh despite my tears, I’ll sing out songs amidst my misfortunes; I’ll have hope despite all odds, I will live! Away, you sorrowful thoughts!
Lesia’s “laughter through tears” is likewise more universal and relevant to the Ukrainian experience than what is sometimes referred to as the source of that phrase, a quote from Mykola Hohol’s Dead Souls about his solitary life as a writer in which he is fated “to survey (life) through the laughter that all can see and through the tears unseen and unknown by anyone”.
Simon of Cyrene, From Where Will Come Our Strength? with its theme of resilience in the face of enduring hardships could be applied to the determination of the Ukrainian soldier who fights for his Homeland and saves his wounded brothers-in-arms in their time of need.

From Where Will Come Our Strength?

An Apocryphal
(excerpt)
“You, there!” cry the praetorian guards
“Get up at once!”
“Did you fall asleep?”
Their whips unfurl through the air like serpents
Red streaks emerge as stains
Seeping through his clothes
“I cannot…”
The unfortunate man manages a belaboured reply
“The cross is too heavy for me…
I have no more strength.”
He then collapses face first into the dusty road
The praetorian guard raises his whip,
But halts mid-swing when
Someone unexpectedly grabs
His arm
“Wait!”
“And who are you?” shouts the soldier
“How dare you?”
“I am the carpenter.
This cross is so heavy
Because of me
That is why I must carry it now
Let me take it!
I won’t charge any money for this work.”
No one stops him
He reaches for the cross
The hunch in his carpenter’s back
Now distinctly straightens
His taut and leathered hands engage the task,
His eyes ignite once more
With a gaze that had only just recently
Grown dim.
The worker directs the cross
Towards Golgotha
With the vigorous fire of a deep
And profound grief,
Step by step,
Resolute,
Determined.
Everything he has ever known
Of labour
Or exhaustion
Pales in comparison
To this task.
Edited by: Christine Chraibi
,
She Is Blessed
Lesya Ukrainka monument in Lutsk.
Article by Jeffrey Stephaniuk
More here:
http://euromaidanpress.com/2020/03/25/the-many-faces-of-ukrainian-writer-feminist-lesia-ukrainka/?fbclid=IwAR2Gjzd7QfkWEFP3KGdS8x5L0aDkw_DKRlLMsMxj23he9Epd8L9ZFGhGQCE
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Svetoslawa Featured By Owner Sep 12, 2019  Hobbyist Digital Artist
А почему нет папки для  периода до Киевской Руси? Там про античность можно много что подабавлять - в отличии от России в Украине и греческие колонии были, и римляне, и готы и скифы и сарматы... И даже если брать более далёкий период - то там тоже можно много интересного материала добавить! 
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LiLuLab Featured By Owner Jun 27, 2018  Hobbyist General Artist
Щиро дякую)
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