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About Digital Art / Hobbyist Jim R. McClanahan37/Male/United States Group :iconmonkey-king-group: Monkey-King-Group
 
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Sun Wukong Journey to the West Buddha Hand Sticker by Ghostexorcist Sun Wukong Journey to the West Buddha Hand Sticker :iconghostexorcist:Ghostexorcist 2 0 Super Beibei! by Ghostexorcist Super Beibei! :iconghostexorcist:Ghostexorcist 6 0
Literature
How to Tell if a Fossil Hominid was Bipedal
Human evolution is obviously one of the most important aspects of human history, so I've decided to post information on how to tell whether or not a fossil hominid was bipedal. It's not as difficult as it sounds. The following list is by no means meant to be comprehensive. Just look upon it as a primer.
The first place to look is the head. All vertebrates have a hole in the skull through which the spinal cord connects with the brain. This hole is known as the Foramen magnum ("Big hole"). The foramen magnum in apes is positioned on the back of the skull due to their bent over posture. This of course goes back to our time in the trees when we had to look forward while running quadrupedally along the limbs. Humans have a foramen magnum positioned under the skull due to our upright posture. Next, the muscle attachment points on the occipital protuberance are positioned further back on the skull of an ape, while the attachment points
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Great Sage (Sun Wukong) and Zhu Bajie Statues by Ghostexorcist Great Sage (Sun Wukong) and Zhu Bajie Statues :iconghostexorcist:Ghostexorcist 3 0 Sonic the Hedgehog Ripoff by Ghostexorcist Sonic the Hedgehog Ripoff :iconghostexorcist:Ghostexorcist 7 0 Cat Ninja Centaur Tattoo by Ghostexorcist Cat Ninja Centaur Tattoo :iconghostexorcist:Ghostexorcist 6 3 Book Cover WIP - Modern vs Vintage by Ghostexorcist Book Cover WIP - Modern vs Vintage :iconghostexorcist:Ghostexorcist 0 1 Booty Clap Johnson by Ghostexorcist Booty Clap Johnson :iconghostexorcist:Ghostexorcist 4 3
Literature
The Monkey Kings Cosmic Body
Sun Wukong is known for his limitless shape-changing powers, capable of taking the form of anything from gods, monsters, and humans to animals, insects, and even inanimate objects like buildings. But his most powerful transformation, that of a cosmic giant, is displayed only three times in the novel. It is used mostly in defense against other powerful characters, namely the god Erlang and the Bull Demon King. In this paper I will introduce the ancient astral-geographical term used to describe this phenomenon, associate the transformation with a divine giant from Chinese mythology, and explore possible ties to Hindu mythology.
I. Episodes from the Novel
The first instance takes place in chapter three after Monkey returns from the Dragon King’s undersea palace with his n
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Monkey King Tattoo - Great Sage Equaling Heaven by Ghostexorcist Monkey King Tattoo - Great Sage Equaling Heaven :iconghostexorcist:Ghostexorcist 4 0
Literature
Sun Wukong's Strength Bestowing Ritual
In chapter 88, the pilgrims arrive in the lower Indian prefecture of Jade Flower District (Yuhua xian, 玉華縣), which strikes Tripitaka as a spitting image of the Tang Chinese capital of Chang'an. There, the disciples' monstrous appearance rouses the local ruler's three sons to action, respectively wielding two staves and a battle rake against what they think are demons come to harm their father. However, they soon learn Monkey, Pigsy, and San
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Nembutsu on Electrical Box - New Taipei City by Ghostexorcist Nembutsu on Electrical Box - New Taipei City :iconghostexorcist:Ghostexorcist 0 0
Literature
Is the Monkey King a God? No and Yes.
This is my answer to the following Quora question: In Chinese mythology, is the Monkey King a god?
No and Yes. No in the sense that Monkey does not maintain an official position within the heavenly hierarchy throughout Journey to the West. He twice forsakes menial or made up positions, the first being the stable boy of the heavenly horses and the second being the guardian of the immortal peach grove. No one worships him in said capacities within the novel.
Yes for two reason. First, the novel actually presents him as more of a protector spirit akin to the wrathful guardians of Esoteric Buddhism, who are themselves worshiped. By protecting a Buddhist monk on an important quest for sutras, he serves the same function as said guardians, who are charged with removing barriers to enlightenment. Also, his portrayal a
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Sun Wukong, King of Tourists by Ghostexorcist Sun Wukong, King of Tourists :iconghostexorcist:Ghostexorcist 1 0 Sun Wukong - The Buddha has Awakened by Ghostexorcist Sun Wukong - The Buddha has Awakened :iconghostexorcist:Ghostexorcist 5 2
Literature
The Skills Sun Wukong Learns From Subhuti
This entry will explore the curriculum that Sun Wukong follows while studying under the immortal sage Master Subhuti in India. Monkey stays in the immortal's monastery for a total of ten years, the first seven living as a junior Daoist monk and the last three as a close disciple of Subhuti. Apart from menial tasks like fetching firewood and water, tending the garden, and cleaning the monastery grounds, Monkey first receives lessons on human language and etiquette, calligraphy, scripture reading, and minor ritual procedures like incense burning. These are taught to him by his senior religious brothers, thereby freeing up the Sage to teach higher level lessons on philosophy, internal alchemy, magic, and other skills to his more advanced students.
I should point out that Sun's greatest asset during his training appears to be a supernatural mental acuity. Upon becoming
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Ghostexorcist
Jim R. McClanahan
Artist | Hobbyist | Digital Art
United States
U.S. Army 82nd Airborne Division Paratrooper-turned-college graduate with a degree in Anthropology and minors in Chinese and Art History. I wanted to be a professional artist in my younger years, but I really don't draw anymore. I make art exclusively on the computer now. Cartoons were my dominant mode of expression for years, but I've transitioned more into photomanipulations.

Favourite style of art: Tibetan Buddhist
Operating System: Windows 8 (unfortunately)
Favourite cartoon character: Freakazoid!
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Activity


Sun Wukong Journey to the West Buddha Hand Sticker
Here are four possible prototypes for a street art sticker. It's based on the episode from Journey to the West in which Sun Wukong tags the Buddha's hand with the phrase "The Great Sage was here" (Qitian Dasheng Daoci yi you, 齊天大聖到此一遊). For more info, see my previous article here.

journeytothewestresearch.wordp…

The first says "I was here", while the second is left blank for people to write their name ("______ was here"). The third and fourth are simply attempts to make the hand less bland. I think a shiny, textured surface might enhance the sticker. I'm open to suggestions.
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Super Beibei!
A cafe near my home in Taipei has a cat named Bei-bei (貝貝). It's his world; he sleeps where he likes, like on the coffee maker, the counter, and guests' coats (he protests when they move him). Today, he was in his usual spot (utop the coffee maker), but his position looked like he was flying. So I took a pic to manipulate in photoshop. I present "Super Beibei!" The cafe has a collection of customer kitty art. I plan to have this printed for them.

Here is the original photo.

imagizer.imageshack.com/v2/102…
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Human evolution is obviously one of the most important aspects of human history, so I've decided to post information on how to tell whether or not a fossil hominid was bipedal. It's not as difficult as it sounds. The following list is by no means meant to be comprehensive. Just look upon it as a primer.

The first place to look is the head. All vertebrates have a hole in the skull through which the spinal cord connects with the brain. This hole is known as the Foramen magnum ("Big hole"). The foramen magnum in apes is positioned on the back of the skull due to their bent over posture. This of course goes back to our time in the trees when we had to look forward while running quadrupedally along the limbs. Humans have a foramen magnum positioned under the skull due to our upright posture. Next, the muscle attachment points on the occipital protuberance are positioned further back on the skull of an ape, while the attachment points are positioned under the skull in humans. If a fossil has a foramen magnum and muscle attachment points more under the skull, then it was most likely bipedal.


The second place to look is the spine. Apes have a C-shaped spine. This shifts their center of gravity towards the upper part of their body. This is one reason why they look so funny while trying to walk bipedally. Humans have an S-shaped spine which shifts the center of gravity more towards the waist.


Also, in comparison to apes, humans have bigger vertebrae to support all of our weight. If a fossil has more of an S-shape and robust vertebrae, it was most likely bipedal.


The third place to look is the pelvis. Apes have very skinny and long pelvises, with flat iliac blades due to their bent over posture. Humans have very wide and short pelvises, with iliac blades that flare back and outwards.


This is because we need all of that extra space to attach our stabilizing muscles for walking and running. If a fossil has a short and wide pelvis, it was most likely bipedal.


There are some exceptions to this rule, though. For instance, the giant ground sloth had a similar pelvis with wide flaring iliac blades, yet it wasn't bipedal. Its diet actually explains this. They had to spend a great deal of time standing on their legs to reach the choicest food in tall trees, hence they needed stabilizing muscles and skeletal support  similar to us. 


The fourth place to look is the femur. Apes have femurs that are directly beneath the pelvis, which is another reason they have a funny wobble when they try to walk bipedally. Humans have femurs that angle underneath the body to support our weight. In fact, it is VERY easy to  tell whether you are dealing with a bipedal creature in this regard. All you have to do is set the knee end of the femur flat on a table. It should look something like this.

Notice how the the human femur angles inwards? If a fossil has such an inward angling femur, it was most likely bipedal. Here is a comparison of a chimp, an Australopithecus, and a human.


The fifth place to look is the feet. Apes have small opposable big toes and small heel bones. This is because their hand-like feet are designed for climbing and only minimal walking. Humans, on the other hand, have large non-opposable big toes and robust heel bones. This design provides for more support stepping forward onto the heel. The big toe and the other phalanges provide the "spring" needed for forward locomotion. If a  fossil has a non-opposable big toe and robust heel, it was most likely bipedal.


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:iconjttwlover:
JTTWlover Featured By Owner Oct 11, 2018
Hi Ghostexorcist (can I call you only Ghost?).
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:iconghostexorcist:
Ghostexorcist Featured By Owner Oct 13, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Sure!
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:iconjttwlover:
JTTWlover Featured By Owner Jul 4, 2018
Hi
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:iconghostexorcist:
Ghostexorcist Featured By Owner Jul 4, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Hi back
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:iconghostexorcist:
Ghostexorcist Featured By Owner Jul 4, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
No, I'll check it out
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:iconjoerb:
JoeRB Featured By Owner Jun 3, 2018
Had no clue you were on deviantart, or had a Monkey King group! Way cool!
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:iconghostexorcist:
Ghostexorcist Featured By Owner Jun 3, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Yep, been on here for several years. I don't post much art nowadays. I spend so much time studying at school and doing research in my free time. I have a few story ideas on here, but they need fleshing out.

I hope you feel better soon.
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:icondennis64:
Dennis64 Featured By Owner Jan 1, 2018  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Nice meme Jim
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:icondali-chen:
Dali-Chen Featured By Owner Dec 19, 2017  Professional Filmographer
Thanks for the request.I love monkeyking since I was a 5years boy.
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