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Cataphracts across the world, 5th c BC - 6th c AD

By foojer
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Made with iOS IbisPaint. Speed draw here

Equipment notes:
Achaemenid Persian (5th c BC) - 'Assyrian' type helmet, scale gorget (grivpanvar), laminar arm guards, scale horse chest and flank armour (peytral and flanchard)
Greco-Baktrian (3rd c BC) - Attic-Boeotian helmet, muscle cuirass, laminar arm guards, cloth thigh guards (pteryges), greaves, lamellar peytral
Ptolemaic (2nd BC) - Konos type helmet, linen cuirass, felt arm and leg guards, felt barding
Seleucid (1st c BC) - Konos type helmet with face mask, muscle cuirass, laminar arm guards, pteryges, greaves, scale barding, crested plate chamfron
Sarmatian (1st c AD) - Spangenhelm, scale cuirass with shoulder guards, scale barding
Sogdian (1st c AD) - Lamellar helmet, neck guard (gorget), shoulder guards (spaulders) and forearm guards (vambraces), thigh guards (cuisses)
Eastern Han (1st c AD) - lamellar helmet, thigh-length cuirass with raised collar, shoulder guards / 'sleeves' (pauldrons?), lamellar 'trousers' (my interpretation but knees seem weirdly unprotected), felt or linen peytral
Parthian (3rd c AD) - Conical spangenhelm with full-face mail aventail, thigh-length scale and plate cuirass, laminar arm guards, mail leggings (chausses), plate greaves and foot guards, scale barding
Sassanid (4th c AD) - 'thimble' type helmet with face mask, mail aventail, thigh-length lamellar cuirass, laminar arm guards, laminar leg guards, scale barding
Roman (4th c AD) - Deir el-Medina type Spangenhelm, scale shoulder guard and thigh-length cuirass, laminar arm and leg guards, scale barding
Goguryeo (5th c AD) - lamellar helmet, gorget, spaulders, cuirass, and armoured skirt, lamellar barding
Romano-Byzantine (6th c AD) - Baldenheim type helmet, lamellar spaulders and thigh-length cuirass, plate chafron, lamellar peytral and neck guard (criniere)
Arthurian (6th c AD) - artistic license - Deurne type helmet (possibly evolved into Staffordshire type helmet), chainmail hauberk, lamellar cuirass, plate greaves, felt peytral
Image details
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© 2021 foojer
anonymous's avatar
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Orphydian's avatar

So Bactrian and Ptolemaic where before Seleucids? wouldn't expect that Only from 1st century BC Did Seleucid deployed cataphracts? that was far from their status as main power

foojer's avatar
Well the seleucids probably fielded cataphracts pretty early on, but this figure is based on pretty late evidence, around the 2nd or so century BC
Orphydian's avatar

yeah but 1st century? they were pretty much left with Syria

foojer's avatar
darklord86's avatar
Blond-Jose's avatar

i thought Cataphracts were limited to Armenia, Roman and Sassanid/Parthian empires

JhudielTheOne's avatar

Yo! I Watched Your Video! Glad I Like Your Art!

madmax2472's avatar
ye, sub here too :)
anonymous's avatar
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