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Maltese Rough Textured Quail (Adult Male)

Photo: Arnold Sciberras
Scientific name: Coturnix japonica
breed: Maltese Rough Textured Quail
Maltese name: Summien Imberfel ta `Malta
Sex: Male 
Breeders: Peter Cini Carmelo Catania and Arnold Sciberras

other info:

The  Maltese Rough Textured Quail is a recent breed produced through artificial selection and developed by Mr Peter Cini (Malta Quality Quail)…;. The purpose of the breed is for meat production as it is much more efficient to clear rough textured feathers rather than normal feathers. It is still in development by Cini ,Sciberras ,catania and has yet to find its place a show bird. Their origins are from the Maltese islands and the breed seems to be currently restricted to its origins. These birds are still understudy by Cini, Catania and the current author and a scientific work will eventually be published for the official recognition of the breed. Recent unpublished research by Carmelo Catania shows that this mutation was already recorded  by Roberts and Fulton in 1979 elsewhere but there was no development in the breed or any study on their food conversion ratio and the Italian Color is only isolated to the Maltese stock as far as the  current authors are aware. Originally this breed was named as Maltese Silky Quail by Sciberras until the recent study came to light hence the change in name to make it more correct .The breed was displayed temporary in 2012, 2013 and 2014 at the Malta fancy poultry and pigeon club annual shows , at Ghammieri Agricultural experimental farm Luqa, San Anton Gardens aviary section and Monte Kristo Animal Park.

 Currently there are a few true breeding mutations of the Japanese quail, known  the most popular breeds  are from the United States : Texas A&M, English White, Golden Range, Red Range, Italian, Manchurian, Tibetan, Rosetta, Scarlett, Roux Dilute and Golden Tuxedo.


The earliest records of domesticated Japanese quail populations are from 12th century Japan; however, there is evidence that the species was actually domesticated as early as the 11th century. These birds were originally bred as songbirds, and it is thought that they were regularly used in song contests.

In the early 1900s, Japanese breeders began to selectively breed for increased egg production. By 1940, the industry surrounding quail eggs was flourishing. Unfortunately, the events of WW II led to the complete loss of quail lines bred for their song type, as well as almost all of those bred for egg production. After the war, the few enduring quail left were used to rebuild the industry, and all current commercial and laboratory lines today are considered to have originated from this population of quail. 

Image details
Image size
3648x2736px 3.02 MB
Canon PowerShot SX10 IS
Shutter Speed
1/159 second
Focal Length
46 mm
ISO Speed
Date Taken
May 2, 2014, 6:25:10 PM
Sensor Size
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