Here's an excellent artistic and creative video outlining why we need to plant trees. I can't imagine how long it took to make!
Why should we do anything?
Many people have gardens, and with the right design, it doesn't need to be a huge drain on water supply. Trees also help convert carbon dioxide to oxygen, but selecting the trees that are suited to the local climate is important.
~ Solutions - selecting your garden ~
Flowers and groundcover
-Do they need to be watered everyday? Are they meant to be indoor (can water once a week) or in the shade?
Bushes and shrubs
-Natives are typically most suited to the environment in terms of natural water supply (i.e. rain). Also they attract native birds.
~ Solutions - maintaining your garden ~
Time of day that the garden is watered - to minimise evaporation so the plants get the water.
So before dawn or close to when the sun sets (i.e. not in the middle of the day). Besides, the leaves can burn if there is water on them when the sun is strong.
Need to fit it into your timetable.
Where do we get the water from? - anywhere but straight out of the tap is best.
Whether it's from putting buckets in the shower, collecting rainwater or using grey water (which means redirecting the relatively clean water that goes down the sinks in your house), it's good to have a different water supply.
Don't have to pay extra for this water.
Might involve a little bit of extra work, or initial expense.
Bury little clay pots in the ground - helps retain water in patches.
Well, if we're not meant to water at certain times, plants can wilt on hot days. This will help retain a little bit of water for plants to use when necessary. Can't put a sheet of plastic or something underneath as there needs to be drainage, else the ground will become a swamp. This method saved my violets in summer!
Clay is a natural product, and won't pollute the soil.
Needs to be put just below where the roots end, and in a place where it's not stunting the growth. Need to dig up the ground and put them in! And buy them at first.
Clay will disintergrate after a number of years.
Mulch - wood chips that are put on the garden bed. EDIT: they don't have to be wood chips, you can buy ones made out of sugar cane, which would otherwise be a waste product. EDIT2: Apparently you can just use leaves, grass clippings, branches, etc. - and it doesn't cost extra then!
Meant to keep moisture in the ground therefore requiring less watering, and also stops weeds from growing by preventing sunlight from reaching the seedlings.
A natural product that won't pollute the soil.
Can possibly create the same effect from large bits of plants (e.g. after pruning) from your garden.
Made out of trees (but can be made out of sugar cane too! )
Initial expense, and eventually these bits of wood mysteriously disappear! (unless you use from your garden)
Garden clipping council collection - check when your local council collection is.
Gets sent to potting mix factories, and not landfill.
Collections are most likely once a month, so you'd need to store it somewhere.
Worm Farm/Compost Heap - see instructions and tips on our Rubbish, compostable waste, & Reduce-Reuse-Recycle page.
Directly converting kitchen scraps to fertiliser. Keeps the garden healthy and reduces what's going into landfill.
I believe it takes practice - unfortunately, I don't think many people get it right the first time. Can get stinky, and need to take care of the worms properly (keep moist but not wet, and don't give foods they dislike such as onions, fats and meat).
Comments/questions/clarification/something to add? We need your input!
Mulch isn't just chewed up wood or sugar cane by the way! It can be fallen leaves, grass clippings, broken branches, things that come from your yard. My mom has been covering up the soil with leaves she got from her boyfriend's house and it really helps our plants.
these are great tips I did a paper collection last day of school
That's fantastic that you're doing this at such a young age, and that your school supports it.
these are all good ideas, thanks!