Deviation Actions

DanileeNatsumi's avatar

Christian democracy

The purpose of this stamp is to briefly disseminate an overview of christian democracy.  This article is assumes that the reader understands basic concepts in christian theology and political studies.  This article should not be treated as a definite source of information, and readers are highly encouraged to read additional resources when scrupling christian democracy.



Christian democracy: Philosophical overview


By K.D.Natsumi (DanileeNatsumi)
Last update: 9th of December, 2020.  Wednesday





Overview

     Christian democracy is a political ideology that stresses the sustentation of human dignity, via social and economic justice, based upon the ministry of Christ.  Conceived via traditional christian teachings and an evolving democratic framework, christian democracy does not conform to the conventional spectrum of political theory.  Christian democracy can be considered leftist in economic- and environmental welfare, but rightist in individual freedoms and morality; yet, various churches may adopt more left- or right- stances on some or all issues.  The following article offers a brief, laic overview of 'mainstream christian democracy' in terms of its advocacy on economic-, environmental-, and social platforms.  


Economic philosophy

   Christian democracy endorses an evolutionary model of economics through the proliferation of a civil society.  The civil society—defined by the observance of natural rights and communal responsibility to social welfare—operates a self-regulated, privatised economy that is sensitive to changing micro- and macroeconomic trends.  Not to be confused with unregulated or deregulated markets, both systems of which are opposed by christian democracy, a self-regulated market is believed to generate wealth not for the individual, but for communal development.  To ensure moneys are spent for communal development, christian democracy promotes public services and welfare systems relevant to communal needs.  Likewise, christian democracy supports organised labour and other movements that safeguard workplace welfare, sufficient living wages, and fair benefits.  The composure of economic freedom and social welfare varies by geographical jurisdiction.  


Environmental philosophy

   Christian democracy upholds stewardship views of environmentalism.  Despite varying theological interpretations of humans’ relation to nature, ecumenical christian democracy advocates personal and communal ecological responsibility.  Christian democracy strongly advocates that fauna, flora, and geologic formations are in need of celebration and protection.  Christian democracy urges the protection of ecosystems via resource management.  Quotas are advocated to ensure fundamental human needs are met whilst ensuring the preservation of the environment for generations to come.  Under this system, individual households and entire communities are highly encouraged, if not enforced, to abstemiously use a multitude of renewable resources, so that they do not become dependent on a single, non-renewable resource.  The extent, or radicalism, of environmental advocacy depends on the availability and need of resources in a given jurisdiction.


Social philosophy

  Christian democracy conveys conservative values when addressing social practices.  Although some schools of christian democracy espouse individualism, most schools of christian democracy emphasise communitarianism.  Christian democracy generally opposes—or advocates for the regulation or limitation of—individual choices that, according to christian philosophy, disaffect oneself from the community, particularly choices that endanger individual, family, or/and community health, safety, finances, and moral wellbeing.  Traditional family values are upheld, whilst gambling, drinking, recreational drug usage, profanity, cosmetic body modification, and sexual liberalism are opposed.  In conjunction with its economic and environmental philosophy, christian democracy argues for personal frugality and generous charity.  Christian democracy advocates for religious freedom, and impartiality in secular institutions.  Refugees of socio-political conflict, whether they are christian or other, are embraced.  Despite ambivalence towards unconventional or non-christian social ethics, christian democracy calls for peaceful, heterogeneous dialogues on community bridge building.  Christian democracy practices utilitarian pacifism.  






Further reading


Digital resources
Encyclopedia Britannica: Christian Democracy.
Holy See: Encyclical of Pope Leo XIII. On Capital and labour. NOTE: The first paragraph exhibits typing errors.
Catholic Encyclopedia: Christian Democracy NOTE: This article is from 1909; thus, it offers an excellent account of the historically development of Christian democracy, but does not address contemporary political issues.
Wikipedia: list of Christian Democratic PartiesThis list can be used to compare and contrast various parties' platforms.

Print resources
Political Catholicism in Europe 1918-1945: Volume 1.
Christian Democracy in Europe Since 1945: Volume 2.
Christian Democracy in Latin America: Electoral Competition and Regime Conflicts.
Social Capitalism: A Study of Christian Democracy and the Welfare State.
Christianity and Civil Society: Catholic and Neo-Calvinist Perspectives
Christianity And Democracy In Global Context


-
If you like this stamp, you might like the other stamps I made.
---
Public feedback is disabled for a reason.
Please note me if this stamp can be improved. =)
Image details
Image size
99x55px 3.31 KB
Published:
© 2007 - 2021 DanileeNatsumi
Comments have been disabled for this deviation