It was a name I chose when I was with a gaming group called the 9th Fleet. We were one of the largest groups/fleets active in the old Starfleet Command series of games, and branched into Bridge Commander. I retired from them a long time ago for my own reasons, but during that time, I had learned kitbashing, and eventually making ships from scratch.
I had made early kitbashes of the Resurrection, and they're still around if you look hard enough.
Anyway, the name Resurrection doesn't necessarily have to have religious or cultural context. Granted, my own choice for it was partially rooted in my own religious belief and outlook, but also, with what I had done with kitbashes at the time, which predate this version of my ship, the name Resurrection was a perfect choice, if you look at it from the standpoint of bringing a beloved design back to life.
In fact, here's a link to the old Resurrection.starfleetcommand3.filefront.co…
You can see some of the similarities I kept from my old kitbash when remaking the Resurrection as she stands now.