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Tairona Chief, AD 1400

By coricancha
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A chief from the Santa Marta region, Colombia. He is wearing earrings, a large nose ornament and a lip plug, which are made of tumbaga, a gold-silver-copper alloy. The pectorals consist of tumbage and carnelian. The forehead ornament is in form of the head of the so-called bat man. The reconstruction is based on ceramic representations (effigy vessels, effigy ocarinas) and gold objects like lip plugs, figure pendants, ear and nose ornaments, and spacer beads. Also ethnohistorical and ethnographic evidence (Kogi) was taken into account.

In the final centuries before contact with the Spaniards, the Tairona had one of the most advanced societies in Colombia. Colonial-period contacts between Spaniards and the Tairona was an exercise in frustration for the former. The Spaniards founded the coastal city of Santa Marta in 1526, but their attempts to practice agriculture and husbandry near the town met with little success. Punitive expeditions against the militant Tairona did not lead to enduring conquest. Missionary activities brought meager results. Only after the last rebellion of 1559-60 was their resistance partly broken.

 

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© 2016 - 2020 coricancha
Comments16
anonymous's avatar
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Marleythefirebender's avatar
MarleythefirebenderHobbyist General Artist
your work is just soo good!!
coricancha's avatar
coricanchaProfessional General Artist
Thank you so much. It's always motivating to get such a great comment!
Wolfberry-J's avatar
Awesome accessories. Your detailed work is beautiful as always.
coricancha's avatar
coricanchaProfessional General Artist
Thank you! Thank you so much for you kind words Wolfberry.
Serujio22's avatar
Serujio22Hobbyist Digital Artist
This is really impressive. I would like to see an illustration of the Muiscas
coricancha's avatar
coricanchaProfessional General Artist

Thanks a lot for your inspiring comment! Indeed, I always wanted to do a drawing of a Muisca chief, maube seated in his bohio, with his nariguera, patena and manto, which were so admired by the Spaniards. Many objects in Muisca style have been preserved and are well documented in museums which are the base for a reasonable reconstruction. I'll keep it in mind. 

Kamazotz's avatar
KamazotzProfessional General Artist
Very beautiful. I love the bat in his headdress. 
coricancha's avatar
coricanchaProfessional General Artist
Thank you Kamazotz. Means a lot to me.
bloodyash24's avatar
bloodyash24Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Gosh the detailing. The detailiiiiiiing! So gorgeous.
coricancha's avatar
coricanchaProfessional General Artist
Thank you so much!
Juwes's avatar
He is beautiful! I love all the details and his expression!  Heart  
coricancha's avatar
coricanchaProfessional General Artist

.....as is your Buddha Gautama, which everybody should have seen who is interested in detailed painting: juwes.deviantart.com/art/Buddh…

Thanks Juwes!

ucumari's avatar
fabuloso, asì debio originarse las leyendas del dorado
coricancha's avatar
coricanchaProfessional General Artist


Yes, it is very likely that dress and ornaments like this have fed the legend of El Dorado. So far, it’s the Muisca El Dorado raft that is still to this day the most reliable proof of the existence of the ceremony of El Dorado that the Spanish chroniclers had described. As always, thanks for your comment!

Dizzy-Possum's avatar
Dizzy-PossumHobbyist General Artist
amazing looks a chief must have O:
coricancha's avatar
coricanchaProfessional General Artist

Indeed, they looked impressive, something that is confirmed by Spanish chronicles. Many representations in ceramics provide accurate information on clothing and jewelry. In addition, many pieces of jewelry made from tumbage have been preserved. Unfortunately, there is still little known about the cultures of the Isthmus-Colombian Area like the Tairona (compared to the cultures of the Central and Meso-American cultures).

anonymous's avatar
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