In the final centuries before contact with the Spaniards, the Tairona had one of the most advanced societies in Colombia. Colonial-period contacts between Spaniards and the Tairona was an exercise in frustration for the former. The Spaniards founded the coastal city of Santa Marta in 1526, but their attempts to practice agriculture and husbandry near the town met with little success. Punitive expeditions against the militant Tairona did not lead to enduring conquest. Missionary activities brought meager results. Only after the last rebellion of 1559-60 was their resistance partly broken.
Thanks a lot for your inspiring comment! Indeed, I always wanted to do a drawing of a Muisca chief, maube seated in his bohio, with his nariguera, patena and manto, which were so admired by the Spaniards. Many objects in Muisca style have been preserved and are well documented in museums which are the base for a reasonable reconstruction. I'll keep it in mind.
Yes, it is very likely that dress and ornaments like this have fed the legend of El Dorado. So far, it’s the Muisca El Dorado raft that is still to this day the most reliable proof of the existence of the ceremony of El Dorado that the Spanish chroniclers had described. As always, thanks for your comment!
Indeed, they looked impressive, something that is confirmed by Spanish chronicles. Many representations in ceramics provide accurate information on clothing and jewelry. In addition, many pieces of jewelry made from tumbage have been preserved. Unfortunately, there is still little known about the cultures of the Isthmus-Colombian Area like the Tairona (compared to the cultures of the Central and Meso-American cultures).