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Treaty of Verdun 843

By Cattette
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The issue of succession in a society based on inheritance is among the most pertinent issues in the mind of an old and weary monarch. Would your realm remain intact or would it split into multiple weak squabbling states at the mercy of their neighbours?

The sons of Louis the Pious never had the fortune to be sole children. Among their Grandfather Charlemagne's children, Louis was the only one to reach adulthood. So the Carolingian Empire endured for another generation. At the end of his life, he divided his realm among his three sons, Lothair I, Louis the German and Charles the Bald. They received the Kingdoms of Middle, Eastern and Western Francia respectively. With Lothar I succeeding his father as Emperor of all Romans and Franks. This arrangement was named the Treaty of Verdun.

Lothair I died an early death, with three sons of his own he divided Middle Francia into 3 lesser Kingdoms. But his brothers in the East and West claimed suzerainty over his lands and invaded and divided his dwindled realm among each other. West and East Francia would eventually become the Kingdom of France and the Holy Roman Empire.
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© 2021 Cattette
anonymous's avatar
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Hardwing's avatar
MacX85's avatar

That's not entirely correct the way it's phrased:

East Francia developed into the kingdom of Germany (later absorbing the duchy of Lotharingia) while Italy (Lombardy) and Burgundy remained kingdoms in their own rights (multiple ones in the case of the Burgundies) only to eventually form up a union with the German kingdom which would end up to be called the Holy Roman Empire in the 13th century.

darklord86's avatar

Another great job!

Boborisou's avatar

Very cool map, I like the sleek design and the use of coins as portraits.

EmmetEarwax's avatar

The "Holy Roman Empire" was not holy or Roman or an empire.

It was just - Germany ...

MacX85's avatar

also Italy and Burgundy

altmaps's avatar

Beautiful work as usual. Spotted one mistake though: Rijnsburg is located farther north, near the mouth of the Old Rhine (Dutch: Oude Rijn). Here it's drawn at the mouth of the modern-day main branch of the Rhine, near Rotterdam.

anonymous's avatar
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