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The many types of avian wings. part 3

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Ngh, this took some time. But it was a fun project, and I hope all this time was well spent.

Most of the information in this tutorial comes from
-Fåglarnas ekologi
-wikipedia

The many types of avian wings
Part one, Standard wing types: fav.me/danpkgt
Part two, Aspect ratio and wing loading: fav.me/dao4odc
Part three, Wing types based on flight patters and foraging styles: fav.me/daq3zns

Creating winged creatures
Part one, Wingspan: fav.me/dbkv0l3
Part two, wing shape: fav.me/dcx1xpf
Part three, abilities:
Part four, extant and extinct animals:
Part five, mythological beasts:
Part six, creating your own creature:

Stock

Most photographs found in this tutorial are stock images from the wonderful photographers of Deviantart.
Some belong to the contributors of Wikimedia.

Darwin's Finches, by Michael Dvorak (2010), commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fil…
galianogangster Barn swallow  fav.me/d3go4na
A1Z2E3R Magnificent frigatebird  fav.me/da97oar
stock-mon Wandering albatross  fav.me/d7ewxzq
BetaDraconis Northern gannet  fav.me/da78arj
Sassy-Stock Whooper Swan  fav.me/d4r07bq
Common swift, by Amikosik (2010), commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fil…
happeningstock Horned puffin  fav.me/d1pfdwx
Peruvian Diving Petrel, by Roar Johansen (2008) commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fil…

FeatheredSamurai American kestrel  fav.me/d70ljhf
Pallid swift by Snowmanradio (2010) commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fil…
EdgedFeather Lanner falcon  fav.me/d8456ke
galianogangster Barn swallow  fav.me/d3go4na

thiselectricheart Ruby-throated hummingbird  fav.me/d10inyf
Purple-throated Carib, by Charlesjsharp (2010) commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fil…
Giant hummingbird by, Arturo Nahum (2011) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pat…
Bee hummingbird by, gailhampshire (20016) commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fil…

alisab-stock Arctic tern  fav.me/d2slpzd
SalsolaStock Ring Billed Gull  fav.me/d1cpaip
FMNelly Osprey  fav.me/d73h86z
88-Lawstock Australian pelican  fav.me/d4hqv7n

Quiet-bliss African fish eagle  fav.me/d918k1m
EdgedFeather Augur buzzard  fav.me/d7gtyh3
aipstock Turkey vulture  fav.me/d659cae
mimose-stock Griffon vulture  fav.me/d56h8f9

88-Lawstock White-faced heron  fav.me/d4hqw2r
Cassy-Blue Sandhill crane  cassy-blue.deviantart.com/art/…
fillyrox Jabiru  fav.me/d6kza6m
EveLivesey Grey crowned crane  fav.me/d38034y

fadamii Black redstart  fav.me/d3jrmzw
Vivid niltava, by Ron knight (2008) commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Fil…
Momotte2stocks European robin  momotte2stocks.deviantart.com/…
Ame-Stock Scissor-tailed flycatcher  fav.me/d24tjlv

LRG-Photography Snowy owl  fav.me/d2l8eyb
EdgedFeather Eurasian eagle owl  fav.me/d74vnej
LRG-Photography Pale chanting goshawk  fav.me/d2v57se
Disneyhorse Great horned owl  fav.me/d363oft

BELOST Great tit  belost.deviantart.com/art/Spar…
Redherc46 Long tailed tit  fav.me/d7mrpj3
88-Lawstock Splendid fairywren  fav.me/d4tk9ww
AdrianDunk Reed warbler  fav.me/d6vtg5k

Tasastock Common starling  tasastock.deviantart.com/art/S…
SalsolaStock House sparrow  fav.me/d16aqro
photographyflower House finch  fav.me/d4kqyaa
TheIntellect Blue jay  fav.me/d58m2na

AustriaAngloAlliance Pied avocet  fav.me/d4lgbst
BetaDraconis Eurasian oystercatcher  fav.me/d9s72g6
animalphotos African jacana  fav.me/d3kkvrv
88-Lawstock Spur-winged plover  fav.me/d36b82a

DrachenVarg-stock Sharp tailed grouse  fav.me/d2c1nrf
NickiStock Eurasian oystercatcher  fav.me/d287doj
Synaptica-stock African jacana  fav.me/d34fs4e
SalsolaStock Spur-winged plover  fav.me/d1iwesy

FrankAndCarySTOCK Mute swan  fav.me/d7mb4aw
happeningstock Horned puffin  fav.me/d1pfdwx
Nevada216 Mallard  fav.me/d5wgwdr
gurukitty Canada goose  fav.me/d10yf7b

Image details
Image size
2480x24716px 28.02 MB
© 2016 - 2021 camelpardia
Comments41
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seionara's avatar
You may have switched up the aspect ration and wing loading in the third category of birds that fly for a long time by accident, the chart and common sense indicate they have a low to medium wing loading and a medium to high aspect ratio. You wrote that they have a low to medium aspect ration and a medium to high wing loading.


I'm also not so sure about mallards having a hard time taking off, they can manage a vertical takeoff in areas where they're fed by humans less frequently. It's actually quite impressive.
Though, that's probably more a matter of having to throw them in somewhere.
camelpardia's avatar
Ooops, yeah, that's my fault. Also this whole shebang is littered with spelling errors and grammatical inconsistencies, honestly I'd need an editor for these things since you become blind to your own mistakes after staring at it for so long.

Mallards are really interesting and probably one of the hardest birds to categorize, nether entirely round or pointed wings, nor completely adapted for their aquatic or terrestrial lifestyle. They feel like a species in transition, or perhaps one that has found a precise and precarious balance.
I've actually never seen them do a vertical take-off, but that might be 'cause I live in such a cold land. It's been really hard to find good reliable information about this topic and I've mostly had to rely on an old Swedish book "Fåglarnas Ekologi (the bird's ecology) by  J. Ekman, and A. Lundberg".
I've found no other literature that uses this type of categorization and it was a bit of an issue when I did my thesis on the subject, I wanted to use this model but had to go with the more standard "four wing types" model.
seionara's avatar
Yea, I know that feeling.

That does make sense.
I didn't know either until a year or two ago when I was kayaking in a river in France. I think it was trying to hide before deciding to flee and the river was quite overgrown so it didn't have the luxury of an open water or much airspace. From what I can remember it flew up at least 3 meters for maybe 1-0.5 meters of forward movement, so at an angle of about 70-80°, before getting clear of the shrubbery and flying away more "normally".
Most of the others I saw didn't have a running start but didn't rise as steeply so I'm guessing it's something they can do if they need to but generally try to avoid.
Sweetheartbetta1997's avatar
I wonder what wing type do the owls belong to?
camelpardia's avatar
Some are definitively in the "perching while foraging, strikes prey on the ground category", I'd say most Horned Owls (Bubo) are in that category. Barn-Owls (Tyto) and Eared-Owls (Asio ) spend more time soaring than the Horned Owls, but I'm uncertain if that would be enough to land them in the "Foraging by aerial patrol or soaring, often from a perch"  category.

The thing with owls are that they're very well adapted to a vast array of different habitats which makes making sweeping statements on their wing type kind of moot.

Any owl in particular that you'd like analyzed?
Sweetheartbetta1997's avatar
Well, my favorite bird is a snowy owl
camelpardia's avatar
A good choice!
The Snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus) would most likely be in the "perching while foraging, strikes prey on the ground category", they have the classic "sit and wait" predator style.
Sweetheartbetta1997's avatar
I like snowy owls because of their beautiful coloration though and they make good ninjas. 
Karlalymy's avatar
Truly amazing, thank you very much for the detailed tutorial! 
But could anybody please explain me what vegetation means? I've never heard that word before. 
camelpardia's avatar
Thank you, and you're welcome!
Oh, hm, let's see, it's a bit hard to explain and I've always sucked at explaining words, but I'll give it a try. Also, English is not my native language...
Vegetation: plant species and the ground coverage they provide, like a community of plants in an area. From a mowed lawn to a large redwood forest, all of this is vegetation.
www.aboutpipelines.com/wp-cont…
cdn.yourarticlelibrary.com/wp-…
mimose-stock's avatar
camelpardia's avatar
Thank you!
I try my best  ^w^
Shanglon's avatar
Prepare for a huge fave bombing because i love these tutorials :D
camelpardia's avatar
:D
Then I can tease you with the fact that I'm actually working on a fourth part in the series,it'll be about the different flight styles used by birds and how that relates to their wing structure.
Shanglon's avatar
*_*
I can't wait!
anredera's avatar
Wow! Very good tutorial. Thank you so much! Fanboy Emote Heart--- 
camelpardia's avatar
Thank you so much!! :heart:
anredera's avatar
you're welcome pink heart {big} 
OfStrangerHearts's avatar
Such a detailed, marvellous tutorial.
Thank you! :)
camelpardia's avatar
Thank you, I put my heart and soul into it!
My pleasure :3
Rahula87's avatar
This is a great tutorial, thank you so much, i had fun reading this but i think i will re-read it again because i love it. You did an awesome job :clap: :clap: :clap: :clap:
camelpardia's avatar
Once more, thank you!
It warms my soul to hear that you find them useful and interesting to read
Rahula87's avatar
You are welcome ^_^
Regolith247's avatar
Wonderfully designed, well thought, and very very useful! Thanks from everyone for making this!
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