Deviation Actions

camelpardia's avatar

The many types of avian wings. part 2

The calculations presented here are simplified, and will only give you a rough estimate.
Also, sorry to the people that use imperial units, I have no idea how to convert the tutorial's calculations to work with them (if anyone can help me, please do).

When I started to learn about wings I was very interested in the math behind behind them. But I found no resource that explained it in a way that I could understand, so many years later I created this tutorial to help other artists better understand the wonder that is bird wings.

Most of the information in this tutorial comes from
-Fåglarnas ekologi
-Science Learning Hub

The many types of avian wings
Part one, Standard wing types:
Part two, Aspect ratio and wing loading:
Part three, Wing types based on flight patters and foraging styles:

Creating winged creatures
Part one, Wingspan:
Part two, wing shape:
Part three, abilities:
Part four, extant and extinct animals:
Part five, mythological beasts:
Part six, creating your own creature:


All photographs found in this tutorial are stock images from the wonderful photographers of Deviantart.

A1Z2E3R Magnificent frigatebird

NefaroStock Barn owl

DrachenVarg-stock Sharp tailed grouse

happeningstock Horned puffin

SamuelDesigns Wild turkey

netbandit Andean condor

SalsolaStock American white ibis

stock-mon Wandering albatross

Image details
Image size
2480x5115px 4.37 MB
© 2016 - 2021 camelpardia
Join the community to add your comment. Already a deviant? Log In
CubicalLaboratory's avatar

Dude you are insane

camelpardia's avatar

Always have been ;3

anredera's avatar
Very useful tutorial, there are a lot of how to draw wings. Thank you so much! :squee-love: - PLZ 
camelpardia's avatar
Glad I stand out from the crowd :D
Rahula87's avatar
Your work is truly useful and amazing, i love birds and seeing these gems is pure eye-candy. Too bad i can fave this work once because it's very useful and i agree whit user below when he talks about the importance of wing dimensions. Thank you!
camelpardia's avatar
Oh gosh, thank you!
I agree with both of you when it comes to the importance of understanding wing dimensions, it's a rather critical piece of knowledge when drawing wings.
A1Z2E3R's avatar
Thank you so much to use my stock for your presentation of differents types of avian wings ! Your work is useful and instructive. Thank you for your sharing. You're welcome !

Flying Pelican of Guadeloupe by A1Z2E3R  Have a vnice week-end !   ;o)
camelpardia's avatar
It was a great resource!
Thank you :3
Hope you have a good one too ^w^b
A1Z2E3R's avatar
Thank you so much ! In some time, I will expose some photos of brown guadeloupian pelican  flying !

Swans flying in the fog 2 by A1Z2E3R   Have a nice day !   ;o)
Regolith247's avatar
Thanks for posting this! I've never seen a reference for artists that actually bothers to explain WHY the dimensions of wings are important- which has always bugged me given that I'm studying engineering. Looks like you solved that problem though! Thanks very much!
camelpardia's avatar
No problem!
Agreed, and trying to find anything that talked about this in regards to birds was a bit of a nightmare.
Seems that there's a general lack of material that caters to the more analytical artist :/
Regolith247's avatar
Analytical art? Sometimes that's called engineering! For some reason most people see art and engineering as different things. I would disagree, since a well engineered object can be just as much a piece of art as a painting. 
camelpardia's avatar
Hmmm, I've seen what engineers create, it can certainly be called art.
Join the community to add your comment. Already a deviant? Log In