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Zenobia, Palmyrene Queen

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:bulletred: Scrap from :pointr: Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra

Zenobia, was born around 240 A.C. with the name Iulia Aurelia Zenobia, in the Arabic language is Znwbya Bat Zaddai or الزباء بنت عمرو بن الظرب ب حسان ابن أذينة بن السميدع, was a Syrian queen of the Palmyrene Empire in the 3rd century. In Greek Ζηνοβία is translated as Xenobia or Septimia Zenobia (she added that name to her name when she married Septimius Odaenathus). On official documents she would put Bat-Zabbai ("Daughter of the al-zabba"), also was called Al-zabba literally meaning "The One with Long Lovely Hair".

Zenobia married King of Palmyra Septimius Odeanathus by 258 as his second wife. In 267, Zenobia’s husband was assassinated. Upon his death she became the ruler of the empire. In 269, she conquered Egypt expelling the Roman prefect of Egypt, Tenagino Probus, whom she beheaded when he attempted a recapture. She then proclaimed herself Queen of Egypt also.
Zenobia with her large army made expeditions and conquered Asia Minor as far as Ancyra or Ankara and Chalcedon, then to Syria, Palestine, and Lebanon. In her short lived empire, Zenobia took the vital trade routes in these areas from the Romans. She was known as a "Warrior Queen".
Ruling until 274 when she was defeated and taken as hostage to Rome by Aurelian. Zenobia appeared in golden chains in Aurelian’s military triumph parade in Rome. So impressed by her, Aurelian granted her clemency, and freed Zenobia. Further, he granted her an elegant villa in Tibur (modern Tivoli, Italy). She lived in luxury and she became a prominent philosopher, socialite, and Roman matron. Zenobia married a Roman governor and senator whose name is unknown. They had several daughters, whose names are also unknown, but who are known to have married into Roman noble families. There is a claim, after Aurelian’s defeat Zenobia committed suicide, however, this is not likely. She would have further descendants surviving in the fourth and fifth century.

Zenobia was described as beautiful and intelligent. She had a dark complexion, her teeth were pearly white, she had black bright eyes that sparkled, and had a beautiful face. Zenobia had a strong and melodic voice and many charms. Zenobia was well educated and knew Greek, Aramaic, Egyptian, and Latin. She was very interested in history and the works of Homer, Plato, and other writers from Greece. She also enjoyed hunting animals and drinking.


:deviator: Original Size: 1247 x 1259 pix.




© BlackWolf.Studio JAN. 2008.
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EmmetEarwax's avatar
A descendant of Cleopatra....
Neo128's avatar
Cool! I read somewhere Sam Raimi based the character "Xena, Warrior Princess" on Queen Zenobia. :)
AmronLA's avatar
Alvarezbabygirl's avatar
She is brilliant and beautiful you did a great job
EmmetEarwax's avatar
Zenoba's ancestry is also obscure. She claimed descent from the great Cleopatra (VI) of the Ptolemid dynasty of Egypt (the intense inbreeding !). Also Charlemagne was given as a descendant, tho not without some excruciating liberties taken (equal to having the kings of France descended from Constantine I of Rome !). There are websites that accepted the wildest speculations including the Holy Grail theories ,and past a certain point, they can't be taken even with a whole box of Morton's Iodized salt !
GothicSword's avatar
A gorgeous piece as usual :D -hugs-
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