If a planet like that had an atmosphere would not the rings be tinted red like the moon during a lunar eclipse? Brown-red. Planet blocks light from rings but red light gets through the atmosphere and curves a bit.
No, because the red light is just grazing the atmosphere, that's why it gets red-shifted. The bulk of the planet blocks it completely, it's an absolute shadow since light can't go through rock or very thick gas. That's why this shadow has a pair of red bands, they are the light going through the atmosphere and the darker central shadow is the shadow of the planet and the thicker layers of the atmosphere.
Well yes it's obvious that light won't get through the rock... But I suspect that the light won't bend enough to hit the rings. The moon is much further away in proportion to Earth's size. Good idea to have the edges red.
Its orbit it's inclined, but circular and stable. So, no, it doesn't experiment much tidal flexing. Just enough for it to have an active nucleus. Well, it's more active and volcanic than Earth, but not that much. And dryer. Much dryer.
Maybe it's a captured moon and hence it has a very Triton-like orbit (It's very possible that Triton it's just a Kuipier belt object captured by Neptune's gravity). Or perhaps it was a normal moon with a normal orbit until aliens and/or super advanced future humans tweaked its orbit just to have this awesome view.
I'm glad you enjoy it. What's your story about why this exists? I'm not very sure myself. I'm between a natural and improbable cosmic wonder, and aliens (Or super-advanced future humans) tweaking the orbit of some moon in order to have this view. Just because they can and because they think it looks pretty.