Here's another concept that I have researched for my story along with many other theories from Sigmund Freud. He is the founder of psychoanalysis, a set of theories and therapeutic techniques, which forms a method of treatment for mental health disorders.
These concepts from Freud revolves around the human psyche and is a great asset for the main characters of my story. According to Freud, the id, ego, and super-ego divide the human psyche about the unconscious and unconscious mind.
The Id is the unconscious that is impulsive, a child-like behavior of the mind that can connect with the pleasure principle, an instinctive drive to explore pleasure and avoid pain. Its intent is a primary motivation force that reduces mental tension. It is the strength of our needs, desires, impulses, and particularly our sexual or aggressive drives. It is the dark, inaccessible part of our personality it knows no values, judgments, good vs. evil, or no morality.
The Ego acts upon the reality principle which seeks to please the Id's drive in realistic ways that would benefit in the long term rather than bring grief. The reality principle is a regulating mechanism that can be viewed as assessing the surrounding reality and act upon it accordingly. An example would be to resist the urge to steal other people's artworks, but instead to create them yourself. The ego is your defensive, perceptual, intellectual-cognitive, and executive functions of your personality. It separates out what is real. It organizes our thoughts and makes sense of them and the world around us.
The Super-Ego is the moral component of the psyche. It reflects what has been taught to you by your parents, mentors, teachers, and role models alike from their guidance and influences. The super-ego aims for perfection and does that in a pre-conscious state of mind. It can be thought as a type of conscience that punishes misbehavior with feelings of guilt. It works in conflict to the id where It strives to act in a proper manner whereas the id just wants immediate pleasure.
To put it in simple terms with an example:
The Id (Meeting the basic needs): John needs to use the bathroom. He finds out that it is occupied. So he kicks the door open and forces him out the door to use it without feeling any remorse.
The Ego (Dealing with reality): John needs to go to the bathroom. He finds out that it is occupied. So he waited until it was unoccupied even though he wanted just to kick in the door and shove the person out.
The Superego (Adding morals): Gabriel knew that he could get away stealing Nicole's brushes and she wouldn't even find out. However, he knows that stealing is morally wrong so he decided not to take them even though he probably wouldn't get caught.
If you guys find this stuff interesting, let me know. As I research further, I can share it. It'll help me remember as I write about it too