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ww1 gas mask by AndreaSilva60 ww1 gas mask by AndreaSilva60
WWI Technical Reference table

In world war I were used three class of poison gas:  Tear gas - Chocking - Blister/Vescicant

At the beginning were used tear gas like bromine and chloroacetone since 1914, then chocking agent in 1915,
like Chlorine and Phosgene. Chlorine was easy detected, because its evident green color and its strong smell.
The countermeasure was to cover mouth and nose with a cloath dumped with water or urine, because the gas
is water-soluble and it react with the urea contained in urine. The first gas maskes given to the troop were
canvas funnel cointaing gauzes soaked with  neutralizing substance, or gas helmet, like the british P Helmet, soaked
in sodium hyposulfite.
Then during 1915 come the Phosgene, the main agent of fatalities due to gas during the great war.
The Phosgene was invisible and quite odorless, just an inkling of hay.  Unseen and undetected it could act for hours,
without evidence of effect on the exposed men, then appeared the effect, irritation of eyes, dyspnea and bronchospasm.
Against the phosgene were added more gauzes soaked with different neutralizing substances, but the chemical
neutralizing masks and pad were not  completely reliable, furthermore, if the mask was bathing neutralizing agents
were washed away.


In 1917 appeared the Mustard Gas, or Yperite, it was a blister-vescicant gas, it wasn't as deadly
as Phosgene, but it was the more invalidant agent of the war, and it persisted after the launch  for days,
and sometimes for weeks in the trenches.

Thus they were introduced new maskes to physical absorption, rather than chemical
neutralization. These maskes possessed of external filters containing layers of active
carbon, usually produced from seeds of fruit, and layers of gauze containing neutralizing
substances. These maskes proved very effective and  were  usually made of rubber or rubberized fabric,
not all maskes were equipped with escape valve, and this forced the wearer to breathe the same air,
or make great efforts to expel it from the filter. Mustard gas tended to infiltrate
the rubber maskes, so the German army, so parsimonious in materials, produced from 1917 the
leather mask impregnated with reagents neutralizing rather than rubber.
The filter could last about 5 hours, during attack, so the soldier had often an old chemical
neutralization mask for back-up or a spare filter.
The maskes were very wide, especially below the viewers, so the soldier could insert forefingers  
externally in the folds of the mask and clean inside the condensation that formed on the lenses.

The gas maskes were the most precious assets of the soldiers.
Add a Comment:
 
:iconihadonetry:
Ihadonetry Featured By Owner Jul 4, 2018
Where is the English corrected model
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2018
Ok, you are right, I made a choice, of course I missed the ASBR and the CEM, the various types of mouth pad and the various fannel mask,
or the last type type of the German leather mask with the escape valve...
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:iconliamera:
Liamera Featured By Owner Jun 26, 2018
I hope it's okay to write this. I was here to give a llama in return and checed your gallery as I always do when somebody give me a llama. -^^-
The "GummiSchutzeMask" would be "Gummischutzmaske" in german and the "LederSchutzeMask" would be a "Lederschutzmaske".
I think your translator had some problems with thies really special words. As german I'm 100% sure about this and only want to let you know this. (:
I'm endless sorry if I annoy you with this. :S
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:iconandreasilva60:
My blame, not due to translator, I'm not annoyed at all, thank you, I have made notes and corrected the mistakes :)
Thank you for pay attention!
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:icondanubium:
Danubium Featured By Owner Jan 31, 2018
Did Austria-Hungary ever issue its own gasmask?
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Jan 31, 2018
I thing they issued the first funnel, or pad mask since 1915, but then they adopted the German one.
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:iconhenryissweg122:
henryissweg122 Featured By Owner Nov 16, 2017
Is there a lot of info on the Italian mask?
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:iconandreasilva60:
The Italian anti-gas mask was the Polivalente Z. Distributed to the Italian Armed Forces since January 1917, it consisted of a waxed cloath facial with eye holes and under a gauze system (32 layers) soaked with soda. It was contained in a tin or wooden box and was carried by the shoulder strap; they existed in three sizes. The mask did not protect all gas so much that in the Conca di Plezzo in October of 1917 did not guarantee the safety of our infants. It was therefore replaced between the end of 1917 and the beginning of 1918 by the English respirator S.B.R.

It was translated from this site:

www.pietrigrandeguerra.it/masc…
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:iconlunageek520:
lunageek520 Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2017  Hobbyist General Artist
what is the difference between the GummiSchutze and LederSchutze?
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2017
The LederSchutze was a more modern type, it was made of leather, while the Gummi was made of rubber.
The last models of the Leder type had an exalation valve too.  It was made of Leather so that it could be impregnated with neutralizing substances.
We must bera in mind that in those times  Gemany  had a few raw materials, because of the naval blockade, but they found it necessary to use precious leather to do better mask for the soldiers.
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:iconlunageek520:
lunageek520 Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2017  Hobbyist General Artist
ok, thanks. 
you have any idea what one would be more common in surplus stores?
i'm trying to find some WWI masks.
one of ther germans and an American Corrected English.
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2017
I've seen that there are some real Leder and Gummy sold in web-auction sites, the cost is quite high, about 500-800 Dollars!!!!!!!
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:iconlunageek520:
lunageek520 Featured By Owner Oct 14, 2017  Hobbyist General Artist
eh.
I saw an american training mask on ebay for $95, not th eworst price i've ever seen...
found a $300 M40 once.
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:iconjack476:
jack476 Featured By Owner May 26, 2017  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
The early gas mask designs were pretty creepy as I recall
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner May 26, 2017
Oh very creepy indeed!
Reply
:icongmatty:
Gmatty Featured By Owner May 3, 2017
A matter of life and death!   Clap Clap Clap 
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner May 7, 2017
Oh yes,  thank you :)
Reply
:iconmenapia:
menapia Featured By Owner Apr 25, 2017
Yeah, I've read about the urine trick, as if warfare wasn't dreadful enough
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Apr 25, 2017
Ehehe, WW1 was a really nightmare, but nevertheless my uncle that was in North Africa during WW2 told me that he used to drink his urine, and one night a comrad of him stole his urine's bottle.
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:iconmenapia:
menapia Featured By Owner Apr 25, 2017
War has yet another horror
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:icondangerousair:
dangerousair Featured By Owner Apr 15, 2017  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Really excellent work, worthy of an Osprey book or a similar illustrated professional history.
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Apr 16, 2017
Thank you very much, you made my day :)
Reply
:iconcaptain-torr:
Captain-Torr Featured By Owner Apr 15, 2017  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Gas a horrifying weapon. Excellent work Old Boy see there was a little bit of difference in gas mask design, but not much. Takes me back to the time when I was a younger man in basic training, I had to put my mask on for an exercise, once inside the gas chamber they made us take them off. CS riot gas is rather nasty and it did burn my eyes and throat, however I had every confidence in my mask after that. Also interesting to note in World War One, a soldier only needed a mask to survive a gas attack, however when I was in the US Army we were issued an entire suit not just a mask, the suit was rather bulky and heavy and in the hot sun it added an extra 10 degrees at least to my body temperature. I think newer models are lighter materials, the ones I was issued were almost like winter gear. Excellent work as always Old Boy.
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Apr 16, 2017
Oh my God, yes, when I was in the army I was horrified durind NCB training, We tested just the mask,  then  a false test syringe of antidote for nerve gas.  The only think that there might be something like, filled me with horror.
Now Assad launched it on his countrymen, including children, what can i say?!
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:iconayman13:
ayman13 Featured By Owner May 8, 2017  Hobbyist Filmographer
why is everyone sure about it even though there are absolutely no evidence supporting that?
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Edited May 8, 2017
Now we trust because we have to take a position, then maybe that History and historian will give to our children the right information, it's just 20 years that Italian know that we had used Mustard gas to kill Ethiopian in 1935.  I can agree with you that in Iraq there weren't armies of mass distruction, it was just a pretence of USA an UK, but that was an even, in the flux of history,  not the whole.

All we know that democracy isn't perfect at all, and that every democracy has its secrets of state, the less they are, the best is the democracy.  
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:iconayman13:
ayman13 Featured By Owner May 9, 2017  Hobbyist Filmographer
but taking a position based on little to no info is just not right
not to mention that directly after the us bombing of the syrian/russian airport isis and jabha al nasra initiated a heavy assault
so bombing the guys holding of isis is even less of a good idea
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner May 9, 2017
Could You demonstrate me that God doesn't exist?
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:iconayman13:
ayman13 Featured By Owner May 9, 2017  Hobbyist Filmographer
what does that have to do anything
not to mention that i am a Muslim so :P
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner May 9, 2017
Why I have to trust you and I've not to trust the newspapers, reporters, members  of humanitarian  ONG, my government or the wester country intelligent services?     Where you there?

You can't demostrate anything, as You can't demonstrate the existence or the not existence of God.
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(1 Reply)
:iconaj-dandd-dm:
Aj-DandD-DM Featured By Owner Apr 6, 2017  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Very real and authentic looking :) 
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Apr 8, 2017
Thank you very much :)
Reply
:iconaj-dandd-dm:
Aj-DandD-DM Featured By Owner Apr 8, 2017  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
You are very welcome friend :) 
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:icontigerfaceswe:
tigerfaceswe Featured By Owner Apr 6, 2017
The UK P-helmet one is pure nightmare fuel.

In all seriousness though, WW1 was just one heck of an escalating war when it came to ever more dangerous types of more and more dangerous gas and more and more resistant masks.
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Apr 6, 2017
Oh yes, it really was a never ending horror.
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:iconkenlit:
KenLit Featured By Owner Apr 4, 2017  Hobbyist General Artist
scary, yet informative. Very well done! :)
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Apr 5, 2017
Thank you very much :)
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:iconmigpilot:
MiGpilot Featured By Owner Apr 4, 2017  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
good to see that your back!
Reply
:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Apr 5, 2017
Woof, very little free time  nowaday my friend :(
Reply
:iconmigpilot:
MiGpilot Featured By Owner Apr 5, 2017  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
 is it a job or family keeping you busy?
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Apr 6, 2017
Both :(
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:iconmigpilot:
MiGpilot Featured By Owner Apr 6, 2017  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
but you and your family are fine right?
Reply
:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Apr 6, 2017
Oh, yes thank you, the fact is that my wife had a promotion at work, so that she has to work more than previosly, and I've to accomplish more than before at home.......
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:iconmigpilot:
MiGpilot Featured By Owner Apr 7, 2017  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
that's wonderful news!
but yes family comes first.
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Apr 8, 2017
Of course my friend, first of all :)
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:iconcar-54:
Car-54 Featured By Owner Apr 4, 2017
The results of gas were so horrific that even the Nazi's wouldn't sink that low. (Not on the battle field anyway) No one, as far as I know, used it in WWII. 
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:iconrobo-diglet:
Robo-Diglet Featured By Owner Apr 5, 2017
I know that the Japanese experimented with chemical warfare, but I'm not sure if they used gas.
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Apr 4, 2017
You are right.
It's shameful to say, but  Yprite was used by Italian during the invasion of Ethiopia in 1935.
Reply
:iconjosgui:
JOSGUI Featured By Owner Apr 5, 2017
The Sulfur mustard was also used during the Rif War.
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:iconandreasilva60:
AndreaSilva60 Featured By Owner Apr 5, 2017
I didn't know, so we weren't alone......... but French and Spanish too.
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