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About Traditional Art / Student Pavel ŠimákMale/Czech Republic Recent Activity
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Ethiopian Roman soldier meets Emperor S.Severus by AMELIANVS Ethiopian Roman soldier meets Emperor S.Severus :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 122 6 Behind the enemy lines by AMELIANVS Behind the enemy lines :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 110 15 Galerius giving adlocutio to his soldiers by AMELIANVS Galerius giving adlocutio to his soldiers :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 17 2 Guarding the Caspian gates by AMELIANVS Guarding the Caspian gates :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 34 4 Alexander of Tralles by AMELIANVS Alexander of Tralles :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 44 7 Roman embassy meets Pygmies by AMELIANVS Roman embassy meets Pygmies :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 30 8 Infantryman of LEGIO X GEMINA 180 AD by AMELIANVS Infantryman of LEGIO X GEMINA 180 AD :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 50 6 Marcomanni tribesman by AMELIANVS Marcomanni tribesman :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 48 6 Narses overseeing training by AMELIANVS Narses overseeing training :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 99 8 Alan vs Hun detail by AMELIANVS Alan vs Hun detail :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 25 8 Alan vs Hun on  the Catalaunian Fields, AD 451 by AMELIANVS Alan vs Hun on the Catalaunian Fields, AD 451 :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 27 9 Notitia Dignitatum by AMELIANVS Notitia Dignitatum :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 57 7 Main entrance gate to Musov Fortress by AMELIANVS Main entrance gate to Musov Fortress :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 94 1 Apoditerium of Musov fortress baths. by AMELIANVS Apoditerium of Musov fortress baths. :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 14 0 Musov military camp baths by AMELIANVS Musov military camp baths :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 12 3 Valetudinarium (Roman military hospital)of Musov by AMELIANVS Valetudinarium (Roman military hospital)of Musov :iconamelianvs:AMELIANVS 25 0

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Unused Slaine Page - Original Page 1 Pencils by AdeHughesArt Unused Slaine Page - Original Page 1 Pencils :iconadehughesart:AdeHughesArt 42 7 Into Battle -  Slaine Tryout Page 1 Pencils by AdeHughesArt Into Battle - Slaine Tryout Page 1 Pencils :iconadehughesart:AdeHughesArt 50 16 The Warped Warrior - Slaine Tryout Page 3 Pencils by AdeHughesArt The Warped Warrior - Slaine Tryout Page 3 Pencils :iconadehughesart:AdeHughesArt 48 2 Slaine - The Salmon Leap by AdeHughesArt Slaine - The Salmon Leap :iconadehughesart:AdeHughesArt 105 15 Girl Drops Her Panties 3 by HermiOdle12
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Girl Drops Her Panties 3 :iconhermiodle12:HermiOdle12 123 2
Turlututu Perlinpinpin by Arkus83 Turlututu Perlinpinpin :iconarkus83:Arkus83 953 60 Crusade Knights by LotharZhou Crusade Knights :iconlotharzhou:LotharZhou 153 26 Pastime by akitku Pastime :iconakitku:akitku 156 31 Twillight over the moorlands by MalthusWolf Twillight over the moorlands :iconmalthuswolf:MalthusWolf 791 61 Taste of Tranquility by Lhuin Taste of Tranquility :iconlhuin:Lhuin 2,936 65 Conquest Of Cyprus by dashinvaine Conquest Of Cyprus :icondashinvaine:dashinvaine 149 14 Medusa by dashinvaine Medusa :icondashinvaine:dashinvaine 143 8 Lynn and the Shifter by dashinvaine Lynn and the Shifter :icondashinvaine:dashinvaine 129 5 HIUS Aurea of Ravenna (Late Roman Limitanei) by CarlosRSL HIUS Aurea of Ravenna (Late Roman Limitanei) :iconcarlosrsl:CarlosRSL 38 6 Grave robber go away or die by Deathfeniks Grave robber go away or die :icondeathfeniks:Deathfeniks 118 4 Weekly portrait study 2 by rei-kaa Weekly portrait study 2 :iconrei-kaa:rei-kaa 110 3

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Ethiopian Roman soldier meets Emperor S.Severus
Episode from Historia Augusta Life of Severus narrating Emperor's encounter with black african soldier(text is not completely conclusively identifiing him as a soldier but given to context its most likely option).It takes place somwhere along Hadrian wall on the borders of current England and Scotland and although entire episode might easily be entirely fictive(as part of narrated bad omens preciding death of Severus.Such stories were what Roman readers expected to read in biographies as a rule of the genre)it still provides us important hint  that for 4th century author black Roman soldier,moreover serving as far as Britain,was not something impossible to see-although,as context also suggest,neither something common.

After narrating about other bad omens(also pointing on black color-color of death) author of HA let this guy serve as bad omen for already sick and old Emperor Septimius Severus on campaign in Britain because of dark color of his skin and also because he approach Emperor wearing other attributes strongly associated in Roman world with death and underworld.Moreover he calls Severus to "be a God"-normally Emperors could officially be proclaimed as Gods only after they died at that point in time.

Some more info and ideas about it for example here:

ianjamesross.com/journal/2018/…
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Behind the enemy lines
Two Persian soldiers clad in Roman equipment infiltrating Roman fort.

Scene is based on anonymous military treatise(probably written by Syrianus Magister)somewhere between 6th and 9th century which warns about such attempts and judge them as being a common danger.

Older scholarship dated it to 6th century while most of newer tends to favor 9th or even 10th century date of composition at any case it is example of long tradition of military manuals reaching back to days of antiquity.In my sketch I set it in 6th century.Whatever the actual date of original work really is its true that pages of 6th century authors are full of episodes narrating infiltrations of enemy lines in various forms.
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Galerius giving adlocutio to his soldiers
In one of the most famous scenes from Galerius victory arch(constructed during early 4th century to commemorate late 3rd century victorious war against Persians) where Emperor is adressing his soldiers(very traditional motif in Roman imperial art) in Thessaloniki.Identity of soldiers is uknown with several candidates being proposed over many years.They can be Praetorians but also newly founded elite legionary units of Herculiani and Joviani which pretty much replaced Praetorians in honor of being number 1 in personal fighting force of the tetrarchic Emperors.Since some shields on the arch still have original emblems preserved identification with Joviani and Herculiani seems even more likely given to the fact one shield clearly bears image of Hercules while at least 3 other shields have eagle(atribute of Jupiter)carved on surface.One shield evidently had a lion depicted.Although They perhaps are Herculiani and Joviani those shield emblems could also easily belong to other legions and even to Praetorians.Sometimes soldiers are identified as members of cavalry or a horse guard but that is also far from secure.This image is definitely one of the most famous to show Roman soldiers during late antiquity and it offers a lot of room for debates and interpratations of what is depicted or not.Nicely visible are also Vexilla flags and Dragon standards( by this point normally used not only by cavalry but also by infantry).
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Guarding the Caspian gates
Starting in the middle of the 4th century,and under fresh impression of danger from new coming Huns, Persians and Romans started to negotiate about establishing common defence sector in Transcaucasia which was a region of utmost tactical importance for both realms since it was through here both states were seriously endangered by raids and invasions from nomadic tribes although local passes,had they be defended could afford very good defensive barrier.Original plan was to build a mighty fortress at so-called Caspian gates,either one for both states manned by its own military personel or one with shared Romano-Persian garrison.

Although this was originally as it seems agreed on by both sides Romans consequently failed to fulfill their obligations regarding Caspian gates and not only that they sent no troops but not even any financial contribution for the project at all which was eventually constructed,financed and garrisoned by Persia solely.

Persians naturally felt betrayed and did not seen it as good enough excuse the Romans were just having problems in the west and north(although real ones but Persians were facing similar problems too) and since that time on,they demanded on the Roman Empire contribution to what was effectively a common defence interrest of both states being very unhappy knowing they are spending a lot of money on defending not just themselves but also their archenemy while doing it all for free.

Question of Caspian gates became since then one of permanent focus points in each major diplomatic contact or a peace treaty between both Empires with Romans usually making some reluctant promises which they eventually dropped over and over again or tryed to argue that Persians had sized hold over Caspian gates from their own will so its not fair to demand money for something Romans did not agreed on since it was solely Persian action and that each state should look for its own defence alone.At the end of the 5th century Perians eventually lost their hold over Caspian gates during great Hephthalite invasions and disastrous defeat of King Peroz I in 484.For some time it was Huns who controled the pass and local fortresses(Persians constructed more over the years) until one of local Hun Kings offered to hand it over to the Romans after he die, during reign of Anastasius.Anastasius however refused the offer considering location as too distand,too exposed and too expensive to upkeep and to garrison it.

Instead it was the Persians who once again sized the opportunity to renew their old hold over that region as soon as they extracted from one of their worst periods in history and conquered it again.They also instantly renewed their old demands towards Romans-they should either sent money or soldiers to help manning or financing common defence of both realms from the danger of nomadic tribes.Final rounds of negotiations came during reign of Justinian I and Khosrow I.Firstly during early phase of his rule Justinian finally agreed to send money annually( Khosrow sell his demands to the Roman pride by officially propagating it as not a payment of a tribute but merely a contribution to pay Persian soldiers to protect also Roman Empire which was more acceptable to swallow to his western rivals) and this was later ratified also at the end of his reign in the aftermath of lenghty Lazic war but it was not to last long because of Justin II abandoning all finacial obligations to Persia and consequent decades long conlict(572–591)ultimately freed Roman hands from paying any tribute(including money for Caspian gates)for good mainly thanks to Persian civil war and unstable position Khosrow II faced early in his reign .Caspian gates consequently remained in Persian hands until last Romano-Persian war during which last phase it fell to the hands of newcoming Khazars.

As you can see from what was described above, scene as depicted on this ketch probably never took place and so its only "what if" scenario.Although no shared garrisons served in Caspian gates in the end during Muslim Arabs invasion you could ocassionally see Romans and Persians fighting side by side against new common enemy.
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Alexander of Tralles
Alexandros of Tralles(ca.525-605 AD) was likely the most significant doctor of late antiquity(and together with Galenos he is usually regarded the most significant doctor of entire antiquity).He flourished during reign of Justinian but saw also that of Justin II,Tiberius II and Maurice during whose reign he devoted rest of his time to creation of medical texts while already very old.

His methods were largely modern-like(despite fate in power of amulets common at his era) therefore he is also called by modern times the most modern of all "Byzantine"(Medieval Roman is a term I would used myself )medics.He had very extensive experience with treatment of several forms of illnesses and healing of physical traumas.As the author of a number of medical writings he focused on exact description of symptoms and the course of individual diseases as well as on prescription of correct medecaments.He was also a pioneer in mental illnesses recognition.

During his life he also traveled across great part of western Europe which lead to modern theory that he perhaps followed Justinianic armies on their reconquest campaigns of the former Roman west but apart from this and the fact that he had to be present in ongoing Justinianic war-zones there is no specific info preserved to confirm this.Even wilder theory exist that he was personal doctor of Justinian and Theodora but this is merely based on his apparent significance and excellency in medical field of his time.
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Pavel Šimák
Artist | Student | Traditional Art
Czech Republic
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:icond3-arts:
D3-Arts Featured By Owner Jan 1, 2019  Professional Traditional Artist
Thanks again for the faves and Happy New Year   =D
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:icond3-arts:
D3-Arts Featured By Owner Dec 27, 2018  Professional Traditional Artist
Hey there, thanks for the faves - I really appreciate it  =)  

Also, you've got a pretty dope gallery - love the content! So, you've got yourself a new watcher. Gonna fave some works of yours now. Take care and keep up the good work!  =D 
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:iconmetalharbinger084:
MetalHarbinger084 Featured By Owner Dec 26, 2018
Happy birthday
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:iconamelianvs:
AMELIANVS Featured By Owner Dec 29, 2018  Student Traditional Artist
Hug 
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Skoshi8 Featured By Owner Dec 26, 2018  Hobbyist Photographer
Best wishes on your Happy Birthday Grin 
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AMELIANVS Featured By Owner Dec 29, 2018  Student Traditional Artist
Hug 
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Neo-Castilian35 Featured By Owner Dec 26, 2018  Hobbyist
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:iconamelianvs:
AMELIANVS Featured By Owner Dec 29, 2018  Student Traditional Artist
Hug 
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AMELIANVS Featured By Owner Dec 29, 2018  Student Traditional Artist
Hug 
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:iconethanredotter:
EthanRedOtter Featured By Owner Dec 26, 2018  Student Writer
Super Fantastic Golden Platter Cake 3D Happy birthday!!!Super Fantastic Golden Platter Cake 3D  
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