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Republic of Pontus by altmaps Republic of Pontus by altmaps
After World War I, the Allies were eager to break up the Ottoman Empire, which as a Central Power ended up at the losing side of the war. At the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, the establishment of a Pontic state was discussed, to be led by the local Pontic Greek community. This state would have fallen under Greek protection; however, the Greek delegation felt the country would be too vulnerable, and too far away from Greece to provide effective assistance. Instead, Prime Minister Venizelos suggested the country would become part of Greater Armenia (possibly as part of a federal construction), but this idea did not gain traction with the other allies. Soon after, the Turkish War of Independence and the Soviet takeover of Armenia finally made also this option moot.

Furthermore, although Pontus was supposed to be a "Greek" state, it is not clear whether ethnic Greeks would even have constituted the majority of the population. The 1910 Ottoman census counted 24% Christian Greeks in the Trabzon vilayet (which does not entirely coincide with the imagined republic). On the other hand, many Pontic Greeks practiced Islam, and would have been counted as part of the Muslim 'millet', along with ethnic Turks. Not all of them would have spoken Greek either, as many had adopted the Turkish language as their mother tongue. Approximately 3% of the population was Armenian.

With all this in mind, it's difficult to imagine a scenario in which Pontus might have come into being, but it's fun to imagine anyway.

In the east, you will also notice an enlarged Armenia and Georgia. Because if we're going to break up the Ottomans, why not go all the way.

Note: because there are different conceptions about what the borders of the republic should have looked like, and because I did not find any suitable base material (in terms of detail and resolution) to work with, I've based the borders on contemporary Turkish provinces - and especially in the south, on natural boundaries such as rivers and mountain ranges.
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matritum Featured By Owner Jan 12, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Nice style and good idea! Good work!
GutKnut4703 Featured By Owner Jan 8, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
I love your clear style.
altmaps Featured By Owner Jan 8, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Arminius1871 Featured By Owner Jan 8, 2018
It would be really unprotected over there and also has a lot of Turks in it right?
altmaps Featured By Owner Jan 8, 2018  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Correct. There were a lot of reasons why this wouldn't work, but like I said in the description, it's fun to imagine!
Arminius1871 Featured By Owner Jan 9, 2018
Yes sure^^
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Submitted on
January 6
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